Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Hong Kong (China) or search for Hong Kong (China) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Abbot, Joel, 1793-1855 (search)
born in Westford, Mass., Jan. 18, 1793; entered the navy as midshipman at the beginning of the War of 1812: served first on the frigate President, and next on Lake Champlain with Commodore Macdonough, who when he asked Abbot if he were ready to die for his country received the reply: Certainly, sir; that is what I came into the service for. He was then ordered to enter the British lines as a spy and destroy a number of spars which had been stored at Sorel. For his success in this dangerous exploit and for his bravery in the engagement at Cumberland Head on Sept. 11, 1814, he received a sword of honor from Congress and was commissioned a lieutenant. He was given charge of the pirate ship Mariana in 1818; promoted commander in 1838; and in the following year was given command of the Boston navy-yard. During Commodore Perry's expedition to Japan in 1852 Abbot commanded the Macedonian, and later was appointed flag-officer of the squadron. He died in Hong-Kong, China, Dec. 14, 1855.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1870- (search)
t the College of St. Jean de Lateran and the University of St. Tomas, in Manila. Later he became the protege of a Jesuit priest, and was for a time a student in the medical department of the Pontifical University of Manila. In 1883 he went to Hong-Kong, became interested in military affairs, learned something of Emilio Aguinaldo. the English, French, and Chinese languages, and through his reputation for ability, shrewdness, and diplomacy, and his personal magnetism, gained great influence with his countrymen. In the rebellion of 1896 he was a commanding figure, and was at the head of the diplomatic party, which succeeded in making terms with the Spanish government, the latter paying a large sum to the Philippine leaders. In Hong-Kong he quarrelled with his associates over the division of this money, and went to Singapore, where he remained until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War. Aguinaldo presented himself to Admiral Dewey at Cavite shortly after the battle of Manila
Cebu One of the Philippine Islands, lying between Luzon and Mindanao, 135 mile long, with an extreme width of 30 miles. Sugar cultivation and the manufacture of abaca are the chief industries. Population, 320,000.—The town of Cebu, on the eastern coast of the island, the oldest Spanish settlement in the Philippines, is a place of considerable trade, and has a cathedral and several churches. It is about 360 miles from Manila, and has a population of 40,000. There are valuable and extensive coal deposits near the town. The China Steam Navigation Company began in 1900 to run a regular steamer from Hong-Kong to the port of Cebu. Hemp was exported from the island in 1899 to the value of $3,151,910; sugar, $770,503; copra, $241,953. The total shipments exceeded by $1,456,000 those of 1898. Imports in 1899 were valued at $1,055,28
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chinese-American reciprocity. (search)
in 1899 from the United States was $732,212. Besides the articles mentioned, there are many others of American origin which do not figure in the customs returns as such. These find their way into China through adjacent countries, especially Hong-Kong. At least threefourths of the imports of Hong-Kong, notably wheat, flour, and canned goods, are destined for consumption in the Chinese mainland. Such is the present condition of trade between the United States and China. That trade can beHong-Kong, notably wheat, flour, and canned goods, are destined for consumption in the Chinese mainland. Such is the present condition of trade between the United States and China. That trade can be greatly extended. Let the products of American farms, mills, and workshops once catch the Chinese fancy, and America need look no farther for a market. The present popularity of American kerosene illustrates the readiness of the Chinese to accept any article that fills a long-felt want. They have recognized in kerosene a cheap and good illuminant, much superior to their own nut-oil, and it has consequently found its way into distant and outlying parts of the empire where the very name of Am
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dewey, George, 1837- (search)
ic blockading squadron, and still later with the European squadron. In 1872 he was promoted to commander; in 1884 to captain; and in 1896 to commodore. He was appointed to command the Asiatic squadron in January, 1898, an assignment then considered but little short of exile. About March of the same year, when it became evident that war would be declared between the United States and Spain, Commodore Dewey, acting on orders from Washington, began to mobilize his vessels in the harbor of Hong-Kong. After the declaration of war he received orders to capture or destroy the Spanish fleet known to be in Philippine waters. It was then supposed that the harbor of Manila, where the Spanish fleet was most likely to rendezvous, was mined with explosives and supplied with search-lights, and that the forts of Cavite (q. v.)had been put in readiness for an attack. Taking all chances, the United States squadron sailed boldly into the bay on the night of April 30. Dewey's squadron comprised t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fryer, John 1839- (search)
Fryer, John 1839- Orientalist; born in Hythe. England, Aug, 6, 1839: graduated at Highbury College in 1860; Professor in Alfred University, Hong-Kong, in 1861: Professor of English Literature in Tung-Wen College, Peking, in 1863-65; for many years connected with the Chinese government in an official capacity for the purpose of translating modern scientific books into Chinese. Professor Fryer has published a large number of books, essays, and reports in the Chinese language, and was appointed Professor of Oriental Languages and Literature in the University of California in 1896. He published a full account of the Buddhist missions in America, in Harper's magazine, under the title The Buddhist discovery of America 1,000 years before Columbus. See Hui Shen.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gridley, Charles Vernon 1845-1898 (search)
Gridley, Charles Vernon 1845-1898 Naval officer; born in Logansport, Ind., in 1845. He was appointed an acting midshipman in the United States navy in 1860; was promoted to midshipman July 16, 1860; lieutenant, Feb. 21, 1867; lieutenant-commander, March 12, 1868; commander, March 10, 1882; and captain, March 4, 1897; and was assigned to the Asiatic squadron. Upon his arrival at Hong-Kong, China, he was given command of the protected cruiser Olympia, the Charles Vernon Gridley. flagship. Just before the battle of Manila Bay, on May 1, 1898, Captain Gridley took his place in the conning tower of the Olympia, with Commodore Dewey on the bridge. When the American fleet drew near to the Spanish vessels, Commodore Dewey gave the laconic order: You may fire when you are ready, Mr. Gridley, and almost immediately the battle was opened. Captain Gridley managed his ship superbly throughout the fight, and fired the broadside which destroyed the Spanish flag-ship. During the battle
ding from Manila north to Dagupan, about half the distance between the extreme northern and southern extremities of the island. The roads in the immediate vicinity of Manila are macadamized and generally in good condition; elsewhere they are of dirt, and become almost impassable in the rainy season. The different provinces of the island are connected with Manila by telegraph lines, and there are cables from that city to the southern islands in the group and also to Borneo, Singapore, and Hong-Kong. Manila has a street railway, a telephone service and electric lights. Since the occupation of the island by the United States the work of modernizing the various public activities has progressed with much success, and with a rapidity surprising in view of the natural and artificial obstacles. The Philippine Commission appointed by President McKinley became the legislative body of the archipelago on Sept. 1, 1900, with power to take and appropriate insular moneys; to establish judicial
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Manila, (search)
een carried on by way of Acapulco, Mexico. In 1789 the port was opened to foreign vessels, but commerce did not thrive until the expiration of the privileges of the Royal Company of the Philippines, in 1834. Manila was connected by cable with Hong-Kong in 1880. On May 1, 1898, the United States Asiatic squadron, under Commodore Dewey, defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, and on Aug. 15 the American land forces, assisted by the navy and the native revolutionists, gained possession of thely, of same date, stated that the council of defence had declared that the demand could not be granted, but the captain-general offered to consult his government if we would allow him the time strictly necessary for the communications by way of Hong-Kong. This was declined on our part, for the reason that it could, in the opinion of the admiral and myself, lead only to a continuance of the situation, with no immediate result favorable to us, and the necessity was apparent and very urgent th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Manila Bay, battle of (search)
mpany: It was the 19th of April. An American fleet lay in the harbor of Hong-Kong, where it had been anchored for nearly a month, impatiently awaiting the comm, with over 3,000 tons of Cardiff coal, and the steamer Zafiro, of the Manila-Hong-Kong line, carrying 7,000 tons of coal and provisions, had just been bought by thethe Zafiro was then made a magazine for the spare ammunition of the fleet. Hong-Kong, for strategic reasons, had been chosen as a place of rendezvous for the Asiaen the United States and Spain, and, at the request of the acting governor of Hong-Kong, the American fleet steamed away to Mirs Bay, about 30 miles from Hong-Kong. Hong-Kong. On April 26 the revenue-cutter McCulloch, which had been left at Hong-Kong, brought the desired message. It read as follows: Washington, April 26. Dewey,Hong-Kong, brought the desired message. It read as follows: Washington, April 26. Dewey, Asiatic Squadron,—Commence operations at once, particularly against the Spanish fleet. You must capture or destroy them. McKinley. Thank God! said the commo
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