otism at the helm, what have the new Watch Company to fear?
The laws of God to fear!
snaps a voice at my side, the voice of a physician, who has lived for many years in San Francisco, and has watched the coming of our Yellow brethren from Hong Kong with pained and speculative eyes.
I have a strong aversion to this enterprise, he says to me in the privacy of his state-room. I am a born American, and I want to keep America for the Americans.
Few persons see so much of our Asiatics as mould they succeed, as Cornell thinks, the watch factories in Chicago will be closed, two hundred skilful artizans will be thrown on the world, Illinois will be robbed of an artistic industry, and five or six thousand Mongols will come over from Hong Kong, of whom five or six hundred will find lucrative employment on our shores!
As we ascend the mountains of Wyoming, we begin to meet our Yellow brother on the track; here skipping nimbly as a waiter, there drudging heavily as a hedger and ditc
In almost every case, they are the indigent and thriftless members of a family who seek for settlements on a foreign soil.
But when the ports are open and the act is free, there is a chance that men of some good qualities may come out. Roughs of all kinds have come to San Francisco; yet the settlers from Europe, as a rule, have not belonged to the criminal class.
How stands the great account with China?
Has an American statesman any guarantee that the Chinese now coming in from Hong-Kong are not all, or nearly all, rebels, paupers, prostitutes, murderers, and slaves?
There is but too much reason for suspicion.
All the females, it is known, are slaves; professional harlots in their own country, bought in Canton by slave-dealers, and sent to San Francisco by these slave-owners, with the avowed object of living in this country a life of shame.
The males, whether refuse of the prisons or of the streets, belong as a rule to the same order as this refuse of the stews.
Companies collect the emigrants, carry them to Canton and Hong-Kong, make all arrangements for their transport, and see them under bond to us; second, such as pay their own fares in Hong Kong and land in San Francisco free.
We have a contract with rs they pick him up in his village, and carry him down to Hong-Kong.
If he is poor they take his bond for those five dollarsk, for which they take a second bond.
When he arrives in Hong-Kong, they get his licence and secure his berth.
The fare is e Dead Fund.
Then, as a rule, each man who sails from Hong Kong to San Francisco is not merely a pauper, but a pledged deompany have some authority over every man who comes from Hong Kong, and lands in this port?
We have the moral obligationnamen good, some bad. Melican law make bad men worse.
In Hong Kong if you kill a man, you will be hung, whether you have pleribunal that may cause delay in sending back his bones to Hong-Kong.
Is such delay frequent?
Yes, for months and year
A case occurred some weeks ago. In the belief that a certain vessel coming from Hong-Kong was laden with paupers, convicts, and rebels, transported from the country by sagacious mandarvented either man or woman from landing, and required the company to carry their cargo back to Hong-Kong.
The company refused.
The San Francisco courts affirmed the right of the mayor and sheriffs ing the principles, of the United States.
Nearly every woman who obtains a licence to leave Hong-Kong comes over as a slave, the property of masters, who sell her in the city very much as a plantebeset the hamlets near the coast.
In every Chinese port there is a market for such wares.
At Hong Kong they have to be passed by an official, but this official is too often satisfied with a form.
s of social filth, but make these outcasts bear the cost of their removal from the interior to Hong Kong.
With all your cleverness, you English have not yet been able to persuade an Australian colon
ouse and garden tell me that the young generation of Americans are growing up more ignorant than their fathers thirty years ago. In 1870 the number of persons in America who could not read was reported as more than four millions five hundred thousand; of those who could not write more than five million six hundred thousand souls.
Such facts are not explained by the theory of a great rush of illiterates from Europe or even from Asia.
Some illiterates come from Liverpool, Hamburg, and Hong-Kong, no doubt, but they are not enough to darken the tables of illiteracy very much.
The German immigrants, as a rule, can read and write.
The Mongol immigrants, as a rule, can read and write.
I have never seen a male Chinese who could not read, and very few who could not write — in their own tongue.
Out of sixty-three thousand Chinese reported in the census, six thousand are returned as illiterate, but in many towns, probably in most towns, illiteracy was taken by the census marshals to m