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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pensacola. (search)
Pensacola. When Iberville was on his way to plant a colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River, he attempted to enter Pensacola Bay, but found himself confronted by Spaniards in arms, who had come from Vera Cruz and built a fort there, under the guns of which lay two Spanish ships. The Spaniards still claimed the whole circuit of the Gulf of Mexico, and, jealous of the designs of the French, had hastened to occupy Pensacola Harbor, the best on the Gulf. The barrier there constructed ultimately established the dividing-line between Florida and Louisiana. In 1696 Don Andre d'arriola was appointed the first governor of Pensacola, and took possession of the province. He built a fort with four bastions, which he called Fort Charles; also a church and some houses. On Feb. 28, 1781, Galvez the Spanish governor of Louisiana, sailed from New Orleans with 1,400 men to seize Pensacola. He could effect but little alone; but finally he was joined (May 9) by an armed squadron from H
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Perry, Matthew Calbraith 1794-1858 (search)
ry, Matthew Calbraith 1794-1858 Naval officer; born in Newport, R. I., April 10, 1794; was a brother of Commodore Oliver 11. Perry, and entered the navy as midshipman in 1809. In command of the Cyane, in 1819, he fixed the locality of the settlement of Liberia. He captured several pirate vessels in the West Indies from 1821 to 1824, and was employed on shore from 1833 to 1841, when he again, as commodore, went to sea in command of squadrons for several years, engaging in the siege of Vera Cruz in 1847. From 1852 to 1854 he commanded the expedition to Japan, and negotiated a very important treaty with the rulers of that empire, which has led to wonderful results in the social and religious condition of that people, and secured great advantages to America. A monument commemorating Commodore Perry's visit to Japan was erected at Kurihama, Japan, in 1901. In a circular sent out by the American Association of Japan, of which the Japanese Minister of Justice is president, the fol
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pillow, Gideon Johnson 1806-1878 (search)
Pillow, Gideon Johnson 1806-1878 Military officer; born in Williams county, Tenn., June 8, 1806; graduated at the University of Nashville; studied law, and rose to the front rank in his profession. At the head of a brigade of Tennessee volunteers he joined General Scott at Vera Cruz in 1847, and performed gallant service throughout the war against Mexico. Scott made serious charges against him, but a court of inquiry acquitted him and left his fame untarnished. In 1861 he was commissioned a major-general of Tennessee militia, and also a brigadier-general in the Confederate army; but his military career was cut short early in 1862 by his conduct at Fort Donelson. He died in Lee county, Ark., Oct. 6, 1878. See Donelson, Fort.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 (search)
e assurance that should the answer be in the affirmative such an envoy would be immediately despatched to Mexico. The Mexican minister, on Oct. 15, gave an affirmative answer to this inquiry, requesting at the same time that our naval force at Vera Cruz might be withdrawn, lest its continued presence might assume the appearance of menace and coercion pending the negotiations. This force was immediately withdrawn. On Nov. 10, 1845, Mr. John Slidell, of Louisiana, was commissioned by me as env entertain the idea that the claims of our much-injured and long-suffering citizens, many of which had existed for more than twenty years, should be postponed or separated from the settlement of the boundary question. Mr. Slidell arrived at Vera Cruz on Nov. 30, and was courteously received by the authorities of that city. But the government of General Herrera was then tottering to its fall. The revolutionary party had seized upon the Texas question to effect or hasten its overthrow. Its
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Powell, William Henry 1823-1879 (search)
Powell, William Henry 1823-1879 Artist; born in New York City, Feb. 14, 1823; began the study of art early in life in his native city and later studied in Europe. His historical works include De Soto discovering the Mississippi; Perry's victory on Lake Erie; Siege of Vera Cruz; Battle of Buena Vista; Landing of the Pilgrims; Scott's entry into the City of Mexico; Washington at Valley Forge; and Christopher Columbus before the Court of Salamanca. He died in New York City, Oct. 6, 1879.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Russell, John Henry 1827-1897 (search)
Russell, John Henry 1827-1897 Naval officer; born in Frederick City, Md., July 4, 1827; joined the navy in 1841; served in the early part of the Mexican War, taking part in the blockade and capture of Vera Cruz and other actions; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1848. During his Pacific exploring cruise in 1853-56 he succeeded in establishing communication between the American and English envoys and the Chinese government; was promoted lieutenant in September, 1855. He commanded a naval expedition in September, 1861, which destroyed the Confederate privateer, Judah, while under the protection of shore batteries and about 9,000 men at Pensacola. In recognition of this feat he received the thanks of President Lincoln and the State of Maryland. Later, as commander of the steamer Kennebec in Farragut's fleet, he participated in important engagements, winning much distinction; was promoted rear-admiral and retired in 1886. He died in Washington, D. C., April 1, 189
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Santa Ana, Antonio Lopez de 1798- (search)
y, discontents in Texas broke out into revolution. Santa Ana took the field in person against the revolutionists, but was finally defeated at San Jacinto and taken prisoner, when he was deposed from the Presidency. In taking part in defending Vera Cruz against the French in 1837 he was wounded and lost a leg by amputation. In the long contest between the Federalists and Centralists, taking part with the former, he was virtually dictator of Mexico from Oct. 10, 1841, to June 4, 1844, under e Emperor Maximilian made him grand-marshal of the empire; but in 1865, having been implicated in a conspiracy against the Emperor, he fled to St. Thomas. In 1867 he again made an attempt to gain ascendency in Mexico, but was taken prisoner at Vera Cruz and condemned to be shot. President Juarez pardoned him on condition of his quitting Mexico forever. He came to the United States. After the death of Juarez he was permitted to return to his native country, and afterwards lived in seclusion
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shaw, Thompson Darrah 1801-1874 (search)
Shaw, Thompson Darrah 1801-1874 Naval officer; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 20, 1801; joined the navy in 1820; promoted lieutenant in 1828; commanded the schooner Petrel during the Mexican War, and distinguished himself in the actions at Tampico. Vera Cruz, and Tuspan; promoted commander in 1850: served in the early part of the Civil War as commander of the Montgomery in the Gulf blockading squadron; and was retired Feb. 26, 1862. He died in Germantown, Pa., July 26, 1874.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sieges. (search)
the United States. See also battles. Fort William Henry, New York1757 Louisburg, Canada1758 Fort Ticonderoga, New York1758-59 Boston, Massachusetts1775 Fort Henry, West Virginia 1777 Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania1777 Fort Schuyler, New York 1777 Charleston, South Carolina1780, 1864-65 Fort Ninety-six, South Carolina1781 Yorktown, Virginia1781 and 1862 Fort Wabash, Indiana1812 Fort Wayne, Indiana1812 Fort George, Canada1813 Fort Meigs, Ohio1813 Fort Stephenson, Ohio1813 Fort Erie, Canada1814 Fort Brown, Texas1846 Monterey, Mexico1846 Puebla, Mexico1847 Vera Cruz, Mexico1847 Fort Pickens, Florida1861 Corinth, Mississippi1862 Fort Pulaski, Georgia1862 Island No.10, Kentucky1862 Fort Wagner, South Carolina1863 Port Hudson, Louisiana1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi1863 Atlanta, Georgia1864 Forts Gaines and Morgan, Mobile, Alabama1864 Fort Fisher, North Carolina1864-65 Richmond, Virginia1864-65 Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort, Mobile, Alabama1865 Santiago, Cuba1898
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Simpson, Edward 1824-1888 (search)
Simpson, Edward 1824-1888 Naval officer; born in New York City, March 3, 1824; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1846; served on the steamer Vixen during the Mexican War, and took part in various engagements, among them the bombardment and capture of Vera Cruz; promoted lieutenant-commander in July, 1862; served on the monitor Passaic off Charleston in 1863-64; promoted rearadmiral Feb. 9, 1884; and retired March 3, 1886. His publications include Ordnance and naval gunnery; The naval mission to Europe; and Report of the gun-foundry board. He died in Washington, D. C., Dec. 2, 1888.
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