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on the way heavy reinforcements for Charleston harbor, Fort Sumter was instantly reduced, its colors hauled down, and the Confederate flag raised over its ruins. Major Robert Anderson, First Artillery, was commandant here. He is a native of Kentucky, and nearly sixty years of age. He entered the service as brevet second lieutenant Second Artillery, July first, 1825. On the evening of the day that South-Carolina formally seceded from the Union, (December twentieth, 1860,) a grand banquet wad cried up as a martyr by fanatics; and, on the plea of sickness, he used his leave to travel round the country, feasting and speech-making. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General, and appointed to command the forces then gathering in Kentucky for the Western campaign; but he unexpectedly resigned, averring that the fatigues and hardships endured at Fort Sumter had ruined his constitution. In truth, he was not willing to jeopardize his easily acquired reputation, by commanding men in
y rail to Manassas station. April having passed, and the intentions of General Scott not being as yet developed, it was conjectured that operations might commence simultaneously at different points. Troops were therefore sent to Union City, (Kentucky,) near Cairo, on the Mississippi, and to Columbus, (Kentucky,) on the same river; the latter place being the last station of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, and of great importance in many ways. Troops were also hurriedly despatched to Western ViKentucky,) on the same river; the latter place being the last station of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, and of great importance in many ways. Troops were also hurriedly despatched to Western Virginia, but not in large bodies. Indeed, our infant Government seemed overwhelmed with care and anxiety to meet the storm that was rapidly approaching, and could scarcely attend to the wants of her little army. It is true the various State arsenals contained more arms than were necessary for the seventy-five thousand men called upon-thanks to the statesmanlike foresight of our leaders, and the cooperation of Governor Floyd, ex-Minister of War under Buchanan-yet their quality and effectiveness
ul to every compact and every instrument bequeathed by our fathers. And they are right. What can the thousands of Maryland do? Is not the State overrun by all the villains and spies the North can control or hire? Were they to rise, like raving, unarmed fools, it could only be to be mercilessly butchered by trained bands of hirelings — the offspring's of the earth! Far better as it is, to play the hypocrite with hypocrites! but the day will come when the true sentiments of Maryland and Kentucky will be fully known; and when their fate is inseparably linked to ours, we shall be prone to pity and commiserate, rather than revile them for their helplessness. Well, Lige, no one disputes all that. We know that old Maryland is sound enough, and has two or three full regiments at Manassas; but take a drink out of Tom's canteen-prime old rye, too-and go on with your trip, said one who was yawning, and wanted something exciting to keep him awake. Well, boys, continued Lige, refi
der, was bullied unmercifully by the Northern press, and being in Washington on business, where he dined with McClellan, he was on the following morning arrested and sent to Fort Warren, without a word of explanation. Among the numerous incidents that fell under my notice illustrative of the sometimes tragical, sometimes laughable, occurrences of civil war, the following may be mentioned as properly pertaining to the battle of Leesburgh. Two young men, brothers, acquaintances of mine in Kentucky, had always differed in politics, and when the war broke out, Howard, the younger, sought the Southern army, and Alfred that of the North. They shook hands at parting, and said it was probable they should meet again on some field or other. Alfred obtained a captain's commission; Howard, with many fellow-statesmen, shouldered a musket in our regiment. When the battle was over, Howard was searching for the bodies of friends who had fallen by his side, and stumbled over something. Halloa!
he blockade sufferings of the poor refugees from Kentucky true State of public feeling there letter from aining an account of the opening of the campaign in Kentucky and Tennessee battle of Mill Spring, January firsinter we received several excellent recruits from Kentucky, who had successfully run the blockade, and joineded which cause had the sympathies of the people of Kentucky, but by artifice men were admitted to her councilsallment. It was argued by these leading men, that Kentucky was, and always had been, a true Southern State, ahe Northern Government were matured, the people of Kentucky had not to wait long to find the man who should da maledictions. My knowledge of the campaign in Kentucky and Tennessee is derived solely from friends who on did not muster his forces, advance farther into Kentucky, capture Louisville, push across the Ohio, sack Cie we should be compelled to relinquish our hold of Kentucky, and possibly cross the Tennessee! We were not lo
ew weeks we had quite a respectable army of about forty thousand men. It was known that Buell's force, numbering forty thousand strong, were hurrying on from Kentucky to join Grant, who, with eighty thousand men, was about to cross the Tennessee, and drive us by degrees into the Gulf of Mexico, or elsewhere. He had already cr; and when McClellan selected leaders from the regular service for the volunteers on General Scott's retirement, Captain Buell was appointed Brigadier-General in Kentucky, and soon after rose to the rank of Major-General. His deportment is gentle and soldierly; he thoroughly understands his business, and despises that coarse vulgr; they seemed content to hold the field and not pursue,--and did not move five hundred yards from their original position of the morning. General John Pope, of Kentucky, was intrusted with the duty of following us up, but acted very cautiously and fearfully, contenting himself with capturing two or three hundred exhausted and fo
ssing them into service. As a specimen of the behavior of Federal troops in the West and South, I subjoin the following from their own organs: The Louisville (Kentucky) Democrat, which for safety was printed over the Ohio River at New-Albany, thus speaks of their soldiery in Athens, Alabama: General Turchin said to his soldiershis was done by those who pretend to represent the United States Government. .... I know similar acts disgraced the same brigade when we occupied Bowling Green, (Kentucky,) but the matter was hushed up to save the credit of our army, hoping it would never occur again. The St. Louis (Missouri) Republican, a Federal journal, and than twenty guns, and our artillerists were mere novices. They were eager for the fun, however, and were ably supported by some splendid troops from Louisiana, Kentucky, and Mississippi, who would rather fight than eat. The women seemed to have changed their feminine natures; they wished every building crushed to powder rather
war ever comes to an end and his sweetheart survives. October, 14 The paymaster has been busy. The boys are very bitter against the sutler, realizing, for the first time, that sutler's chips cost money, and that they have wasted on jimcracks too much of their hard earnings. Conway has taken a solemn Trish oath that the sutler shall never get another cent of him. But these are like the half repentant, but resultless, mutterings of the confirmed drunkard. The new leaf proposed to be turned over is never turned. October, 16 Am told that some of the boys lost in gambling every farthing of their money half an hour after receiving it from the paymaster. An Indiana soldier threw a bombshell into the fire to-day, and three men were seriously wounded by the explosion. The writer was absent from camp from October 21st to latter part of November, serving on courtmartial, first at Huttonville, and afterward at Beverly. In November the Third was transferred to Kentucky.
November, 1861. November, 30 The Third is encamped five miles south of Louisville, on the Seveth-street plank road. As we marched through the city my attention was directed to a sign bearing the inscription, in large black letters, negroes bought and sold. We have known, to be sure, that negroes were bought and sold, like cattle and tobacco, but it, nevertheless, awakened new, and not by any means agreeable, sensations to see the humiliating fact announced on the broad side of a commercial house. These signs must come down. The climate of Kentucky is variable, freezing nights and thawing in the day. The soil in this locality is rich, and, where trodden, extremely muddy. We shall miss the clear water of the mountain streams. A large number of troops are concentrating here.
lks out of our camp hereafter. I obeyed the order promptly; commanded all the colored men in camp to assemble at a certain hour and be turned over to their masters; but the misguided souls, if indeed there were any, failed to put in an appearance, and could not be found. The scamps, I fear, took advantage of my notice and hid away, much to the regret of all who desire to preserve the Union as it was, and greatly to the chagrin of the gentlemen who expected to take them handcuffed back to Kentucky. One of these fugitives, a handsome mulatto boy, borrowed five dollars of me, and the same amount of Doctor Seyes, not half an hour before the time when he was to be delivered up, but I fear now the money will never be repaid. March, 18 Started for Murfreesboro. The day is beautiful and the regiment marches well. Encamped for the night near Lavergne. I called on my friend Mrs. Harris. She received me cordially and introduced me to her daughter, a handsome young lady of seventeen o
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