Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Maryland (Maryland, United States) or search for Maryland (Maryland, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton 1737-1832 (search)
the Provincial Convention. Early in 1776 he was one of a committee appointed by Congress to visit Canada to persuade the Canadians to join the other colonies in resistance to the measures of Parliament. His colleagues were Dr. Franklin and Samuel Chase. The committee were accompanied by Rev. John Carroll. The mission was fruitless; and when, in June, the committee returned to Philadelphia, they found the subject of independence under consideration in Congress. Carroll and Chase induced Maryland to change its attitude. Carroll took his seat in Congress in time to vote for the Declaration of Independence. He signed that document, and was the last survivor of that band of fifty-six patriots. Mr. Carroll served his State in its Assembly, in the national Congress, and in other responsible offices, with fidelity and ability. At the age of over ninety years (July 4, 1828) he laid the corner-stone of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, attended by an imposing civic procession. The story
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carroll, John 1735- (search)
Carroll, John 1735- Clergyman; born in John Carroll. Upper Marlboro, Md., Jan. 8, 1735; was educated at St. Omer's, Liege, and Bruges; ordained a priest in 1769, and entered the order of Jesuits soon afterwards. He travelled through Europe with young Lord Staunton in 1770 as private tutor, and in 1773 became a professor in the college at Bruges. In 1775 he returned to Maryland, and the next year, by desire of Congress, he accompanied a committee of that body on a mission to Canada. That committee was composed of Dr. Franklin, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, and Samuel Chase. He was appointed the papal vicargeneral for the United States in 1786, and made Baltimore his fixed residence. In 1790 he was consecrated the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States. He founded St. Mary's College in 1791, and in 1804 obtained a charter for Baltimore College. Liberal in his views, he maintained the friendship of all Protestant sects. A few years before his death, in Georgetow
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Caswell, Richard 1729-1789 (search)
Caswell, Richard 1729-1789 Military officer; born in Maryland, Aug. 3, 1729: went to North Carolina in 1746, and practised law there, serving in the Assembly from 1754 to 1771, and being speaker in 1770. In the battle of the Allamance he commanded Tryon's right wing, but soon afterwards identified himself with the cause of the patriots, and was a member of the Continental Congress (1774-75). For three years he was president of the Provincial Congress of North Carolina, and was governor of the State from 1777 to 1779. In February, 1776, he was in command of the patriot troops in the battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, and received the thanks of Congress and the commission of majorgeneral for the victory there achieved. He led the State troops in the battle near Camden (August, 1780); and was controller-general in 1782. He was again governor in 1784-86; and a member of the convention that framed the national Constitution. While presiding as speaker in the North Carolina Assembly he
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Census, United States (search)
........39392,060 Iowa43,112..........292720111010102,231,853 Kansas107,206..............33292019221,470,495 Kentucky73,6771497666898811122,147,174 Louisiana76,556....181719191817212225231,381,625 Maine96,540111414121213162223273030694,466 Maryland319,7286781011151719202327261,188,044 Massachusetts378,7874557886777672,805,346 Michigan4,762....252727232016139992,420,982 Minnesota6,077............3630282620191,751,394 Mississippl8,850..20202122171514181821201,551,270 Missouri20,845....2351995,199 Indiana2,516,4622,192,404324,058 Indian Territory391,960180,182211,778 Iowa2,231,8531,911,896319,957 Kansas1,470,4951,427,09643,399 Kentucky2,147,1741,858,635288,539 Louisiana1,381,6251,118,587263,038 Maine694,466661,08633,380 Maryland1,190,0501,042,390147,660 Massachusetts2,805,3462,238,943566,403 Michigan2,420,9822,093,889327,093 Minnesota1,751,3941,301,826449,568 Mississippi1,551,2701,289,600261,670 Missouri3,106,6652,679,184427,481 Montana243,329132,159111,170 Nebra
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancery jurisdiction. (search)
Chancery jurisdiction. In all the crown colonies, excepting New Hampshire, the chancery court had been introduced,. in spite of the colonists, who dreaded its prolix proceedings and heavy fees. Wherever it had been introduced, it was retained in the State governments after the Revolution. In New Jersey and South Carolina the governor was made chancellor, as in colonial times. In New York and Maryland a separate officer was appointed with that title. In Virginia there were several distinct chancellors. In North Carolina and Georgia the administration both of law and equity was intrusted to the same tribunals. In Pennsylvania a limited chancery power was conferred upon the Supreme Court. In Connecticut the Assembly vested the judicial courts with chancery powers in smaller cases, reserving to itself the decision in matters of more importance. In New England there was such a strong prejudice against chancery practice that for many years there was a restriction to the system o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chase, Samuel 1741- (search)
member of the Committee of Correspondence; and a delegate to the Continental Congress (1774-79). In 1776 he was a fellow-commissioner of Franklin and Carroll to seek an alliance with the Canadians, and was efficient in changing the sentiments of Maryland in favor of independence, so as to authorize him and his colleagues to vote for the Declaration, which he signed. In 1783 Mr. Chase was sent to England, as agent for Maryland, to redeem a large sum of money intrusted to the Bank of England, $65Maryland, to redeem a large sum of money intrusted to the Bank of England, $650,000 of which was finally recovered. From 1791 to 1796 he was chief-justice of his State, and was a warm supporter of the administrations of Washington and Adams. In the session of Congress in the early part of 1804, it was determined by the leaders of the dominant, or Democratic, party to impeach Judge Chase, then associate-justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was an ardent Federalist, and warmly attached to the principles of Washington's administration. At the instance
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
legislatures of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Virginia, and Maryland into the adoption of revolutionary measures. They had already possessed themss to confer with the authorities of the other slave-labor States.— Dec. 6. In Maryland, a Democratic State Convention deplored the hasty action of South Carolina.—10 to that of the Northwest. General Lee issued a proclamation to the people of Maryland. Skirmish near Cochran's Cross Roads, Miss. Restrictions on travel rescindedderate conscripts fled to the Union lines.—22. Battle of Culp's Farm, Ga.—24. Maryland Constitutional Convention passed an emancipation clause.—25. General Pillow, w Gen. Bradley Johnson, with 3,000 Confederate troops, crossed the Potomac into Maryland.—9. Governor Brown, of Georgia, called out the reserve militia, from fifteen t captured in the harbor of Bahia, Brazil, the Confederate cruiser Florida.—10. Maryland adopted a new constitution which abolished slavery.—12. It was annou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Claiborne, or Clayborne, William 1589- (search)
rs afterwards to investigate the matter—resulted in a formal indictment of Claiborne, and a bill of attainder passed against him. Thomas Smith, next in rank to Warren, was hanged. Claiborne, who was now treasurer of Virginia, retaliated against Maryland by stirring up civil war there, and, expelling Gov. Leonard Calvert (1645), assumed the reins of government. In 1651 Claiborne was appointed, by the council of state in England, one of the commissioners for reducing Virginia to obedience to they the council of state in England, one of the commissioners for reducing Virginia to obedience to the commonwealth ruled by Parliament; and he also took part in governing Maryland by a commission. He was soon afterwards made secretary of the colony of Virginia, and held the office until after the restoration of monarchy (1660) in England. Claiborne was one of the court that tried the captured followers of Nathaniel Bacon (q. v.). He resided in New Kent county, Va., until his death, about 167
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coinage, United States (search)
the British Parliament for all the English American colonies. The mint-house in Boston existed about thirty-four years. All the coins issued from it bore the dates 1652 or 1662, the same dies being used, probably, throughout the thirty-four years of coining. Some coins had been made in Bermuda for the use of the Virginia colony as early as 1644. Copper coins bearing the figure of an elephant were struck in England for the Carolinas and New England in 1694. Coins were also struck for Maryland, bearing the effigy of Lord Baltimore. In 1722-23, William Wood obtained a royal patent for coining small money for the English plantations in America. He made it of pinchbeck — an alloy of copper and tin. One side of the coin bore the image of George I., and on the other was a large double rose, with the legend Rosa Americana utile dulci. In the coinage of 1724 the rose was crowned. This base coin was vehemently opposed in the colonies. A writer of the day, speaking of the speculation
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonial settlements. (search)
completed Lord Baltimore died. but his son Cecil received it in 1632. Tile domain was called Maryland, and Cecil sent his brother Leonard, with colonists, to settle it (see Baltimore; Baltimore, Loring of 1634, and, at a place called St. Mary, they laid the foundations of the commonwealth of Maryland (Maryland). The Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block (q. v.), sailing east from Manhattan, explored aMaryland). The Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block (q. v.), sailing east from Manhattan, explored a river some distance inland, which the Indians called Quon-eh-ti-cut, and in the valley watered by that river a number of Puritans from Plymouth began a settlement in 1633. The first permanent sett New Jersey (q. v.) was made at Elizabethtown in 1644. A province lying between New Jersey and Maryland was granted to William Penn, in 1681, for an asylum for his persecuted brethren, the Quakers, ,0004,500 New York85,00011,000 New Jersey73,0005,000 Pennsylvania and Delaware195,00011,000 Maryland104,00044,000 Virginia168,000116,000 North Carolina70,00020,000 South Carolina40,00040,000 G
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