Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) or search for Mississippi (Mississippi, United States) in all documents.

Your search returned 58 results in 43 document sections:

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jackson, (search)
Jackson, City and capital of the State of Mississippi; on the Pearl River and several important railroads; is a large cotton-shipping centre and has extensive manufactories; population in 1890, 5,920; in 1900, 7,816. In 1863, while the troops of General Senate Chamber at Jackson, Miss. Grant were skirmishing at Raymond, he learned that Gen. Joseph E. Johnston was hourly expected at Jackson. To make sure of that place, and to leave no enemy in his rear, Grant pushed on towards Jackson. McPherson entered Clinton early in the afternoon of May 13, without opposition, and began tearing up the railway between that town and the capital. Sherman was also marching on Jackson, while McClernand was at a point near Raymond. The night was tempestuous. In the morning, Sherman and McPherson pushed forward, and 5 miles from Jackson they encountered and drove in the Confederate pickets. Two and a half miles from the city they were confronted by a heavy Confederate force, chiefly Georgi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Joliet, Louis 1645-1700 (search)
and afterwards engaged in the furtrade in the Western wilderness. In 1673 Intendant Talon, at Quebec, with the sanction of Governor Frontenac, selected Joliet to find and ascertain the direction of the course of the Mississippi and its mouth. Starting from Mackinaw, in May, 1673, with Father Marquette and five other Frenchmen, they reached the Mississippi June 17. They studied the country on their route, made maps, and gained much information. After intercourse with Indians on the lower Mississippi, near the mouth of the Arkansas, who had trafficked with Europeans, they were satisfied that the Mississippi emptied into the Gulf of Mexico, and made their way back to Green Bay, where Joliet started alone for Quebec to report to his superiors. His canoe was upset in Lachine Rapids, above Montreal, and his journals and charts were lost, but he wrote out his narrative from memory, which agreed, in essentials, with that of Marquette. Joliet afterwards went on an expedition to Hudson B
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lamar, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus 1825-1893 (search)
duty to perform; a very painful one, I admit, but one which is none the less clear. I hold in my hand certain resolutions of the legislature of Mississippi, which I ask to have read. [He then sent to the clerk's desk and had read the resolutions of the Mississippi legislature instructing their Senators to vote for the silver bill. Mr. Lamar, continuing, said:] Mr. President, between these resolutions and my convictions there is a great gulf; I cannot pass it. Of my love to the State of Mississippi I will not speak; my life alone can tell it. My gratitude for all the honor her people have done me no words can express; I am best proving it by doing, to-day, what I think their true interests and their character require me to do. During my life in that State it has been my privilege to assist the education of more than one generation of her youth; to have given the impulse to wave after wave of young manhood that has passed into the troubled sea of her social and political life. U
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
with Mexico. Crozat contracted to send ships from France, with goods and emigrants, every year; and he was entitled to import a cargo of negro slaves annually. The French government also agreed to pay $10,000 a year for the civil and military establishments. Crozat established a trading-house on the site of Montgomery, on the Alabama River, and another at Natchitoches, on the Red River. Fort Rosalie was built on the site of Natchez, about which a town soon grew up, the oldest on the lower Mississippi. Crozat made ineffectual attempts to open a trade with Mexico, and the intercourse by sea was prohibited after the war. After five years of large outlay and small returns, Crozat resigned his patent (1717); but other speculators soon filled his place. The Mississippi Company (see law, John) was granted the monopoly of all trade with Louisiana for twenty-five years. They attempted to introduce 6,000 white people and half as many negroes, and private individuals to whom grants of land
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Memphis, capture of (search)
t Fort Donelson. On May 10 Hollins attacked Davis, but was repulsed, notwithstanding he was aided by the heavy guns of Fort Pillow. For more than a fortnight afterwards the belligerent fleets watched each other, when a ram squadron, commanded by Col. Charles Ellet, Jr., joined Davis's flotilla and prepared to attack Hollins. The Confederates, having just heard of the flight of Beauregard from Corinth, which uncovered Memphis, hastily evacuated Fort Pillow (June 4) and fled down the river in transports to Memphis, followed by Hollins's flotilla. On June 6 the National flotilla won a victory over the Confederate squadron in front of Memphis, when that city was surrendered to the Union forces. It was speedily occupied by troops under Gen. Lew. Wallace, who were received with joy by the Union citizens. All Kentucky, western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and Alabama were then in possession of the National authorities. The population of Memphis in 1890 was 64,495; in 1900, 102,320.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mississippi River. (search)
. Thus ended one of the most desperate conflicts of the war. Within the space of an hour and a half after the National vessels left their anchorage the forts were passed, and eleven of the Confederate vessels—nearly the whole of their fleet —were destroyed. The National loss was thirty killed and 125 wounded. All of Farragut's vessels—twelve in number— joined the Cayuga at quarantine above the forts, when the dead were carried ashore and buried. The forts were surrendered, and the lower Mississippi was opened as far as New Orleans. In this desperate engagement the ram Manassas had taken a conspicuous part in the flotilla fight above the forts. She was a peculiar-shaped iron-clad vessel, with a powerful iron beak; but in this engagement she was so dreadfully pounded and shattered by the shot of the National gunboats that she was at length sent adrift, in a helpless condition, going towards Porter's mortar-fleet. Some of The Manassas. these vessels opened fire upon her; but
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Madrid, siege of (search)
New Madrid, siege of New Madrid, on the Missouri side of the Mississippi, and Island Number10, about 10 miles above it, almost 1,000 miles above New Orleans by the river channel, constituted the key to the navigation of the lower Mississippi, in the early part of the Civil War, and consequently were of great importance to the large commercial city towards its mouth. To this place Confederate General Polk transferred what he could of munitions of war when he evacuated Columbus. Gen. Jeff. M. Thompson was in command at Fort Madrid of a considerable force and a strong fortification called Fort Thompson. When the garrison there was reinforced from Columbus, it was put under the command of General McCown. Against this post General Halleck despatched Gen. John Pope and a considerable body of troops, chiefly from Ohio and Illinois. He departed from St. Louis (Feb. 22, 1862) on transports, and landed first at Commerce, Mo., and marched thence to New Madrid, encountering a small for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Orleans. (search)
New Orleans. Governor Bienville prepared to found a town on the lower Mississippi in 1718, and sent a party of convicts to clear up a swamp on the site of the present city of New Orleans. When Charlevoix visited the spot in 1722, the germ of the city consisted of a large wooden warehouse, a shed for a church, two or three ordinary houses, and a quantity of huts built without order. But Bienville believed that it would one day become, perhaps, too, at no distant day, an opulent city, thememorative gold medal to be given to him. In the Civil War. The national government resolved during the winter of 1861-62 to repossess itself of Mobile, New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Galveston, and to attempt to acquire control of the lower Mississippi and Texas. The Department of the Gulf was created, which included all these points, and Gen. Benjamin F. Butler (q. v.) was placed in command of it. It was proposed to send a competent land and naval force first to capture New Orleans. Ge
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Noyan, Charles Desire Amable Tranquille 1690-1739 (search)
Noyan, Charles Desire Amable Tranquille 1690-1739 Military officer; born in Ruffec, France, in 1690; accompanied Bienville on his expedition to Pensacola; and after the capture of that post was placed in partial charge. The fort, however, soon fell into the hands of 900 newly arrived Spanish marines. Soon after Bienville with the aid of Indians recaptured the place. In 1720-23 Noyan was appointed major of New Orleans; and in 1727 he established several colonies in western Mississippi. He died in New Orleans, La., in 1739.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pacific Railway. (search)
rious routes by the corps of topographical engineers. By midsummer, 1853, four expeditions for this purpose were organized to explore as many different routes. One, under Major Stevens, was instructed to explore a northern route, from the upper Mississippi to Puget's Sound, on the Pacific coast. A second expedition, under the direction of Lieutenant Whipple, was directed to cross the continent from a line adjacent to the 36th parallel of N. lat. It was to proceed from the Mississippi, throuo, Los Angeles, or San Diego. A third, under Captain Gunnison, was to proceed through the Rocky Mountains near the head-waters of the Rio del Norte, by way of the Hueferno River and the Great Salt Lake in Utah. The fourth was to leave the southern Mississippi, and reach the Pacific somewhere in Lower California—perhaps San Diego. These surveys cost about $1,000,000. Nothing further, however, was done, owing to political dissensions between the North and the South, until 1862 and 1864, when Con
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