Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for New York (New York, United States) or search for New York (New York, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Golden Hill, battle of. (search)
Golden Hill, battle of. The Boston Massacre holds a conspicuous place in history; but nearly two months before, a more significant event of a similar character occurred in the city of New York. British soldiers had destroyed the Liberty Pole (Jan. 16, 1770), and, two days afterwards, two of them caught posting scurrilous handbills throughout the city, abusing the Sons of Liberty, were taken before the mayor. Twenty armed soldiers went to their rescue, when they were opposed by a crowd of citizens, who seized stakes from carts and sleds standing near. The mayor ordered the soldiers to their barracks. They obeyed, and were followed by the exasperated citizens to Golden Hill (on the line of Cliff Street, between Fulton Street and Maiden Lane), where the soldiers, reinforced, charged upon their pursuers. The citizens resisted with clubs, and a severe conflict ensued, during which an old sailor was mortally wounded by a bayonet. The mayor appeared and ordered the soldiers to d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hale, Nathan 1755- (search)
iot; born in Coventry, Conn., June 6, 1755; graduated at Yale College in 1773; and taught school till the fight in Lexington prompted him The Hale Homestead. to join Col. Charles Webb's regiment. He took part in the siege of Boston; was promoted to captain in January, 1776; and was sent to New York. In response to a call from Washington he volunteered to enter the British lines and procure needed information. At the house of Robert Murray, on the Incleberg (now Murray Hill, in the city of New York), where Washington had his headquarters for a brief time while retreating towards Harlem Heights, Hale received instructions on duty from the commander-in-chief. He entered the British camp on Long Island as a plain young farmer, and made sketches and notes unsuspected. A Tory kinsman knew and betrayed him. He was taken to Howe's headquarters at the Beekman mansion, and confined in the green-house all night. He frankly avowed his name, rank, and character as a spy (which his papers r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hammond, William Alexander 1828- (search)
Hammond, William Alexander 1828- Surgeon; born in Annapolis, Md., Aug. 28, 1828; graduated at the University of the City of New York in 1848; was in the medical service of the regular army in 1849-60, when he was appointed Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at the University of Maryland. When the Civil War opened he re-entered the army, and in April, 1862, was commissioned surgeongeneral. In August, 1864, he was tried before a court-martial on a charge of official irregularities, and was dismissed from the army. This ban rested on him till 1878, when Congress passed a special bill directing the President to review the proceedings of the court-martial. As a result of this examination, he was honorably restored to his former rank in the army, and then placed on the retired list. Later, he became Professor of the Nervous System and Diseases of the Mind in the New York and Baltimore medical colleges. His professional writings include Military hygiene; Physiological essays; Sle
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, Benjamin 1740-1791 (search)
he history of your State, but in the history of our country. New York did not succeed in retaining the seat of national government here, though she made liberal provision for the assembling of the first Congress, in the expectation that the Congress might find its permanent home here; but though you lost that which you coveted, I think the representatives here of all the States will agree that it was fortunate that the first inauguration of Washington took place in the State and in the city of New York. For where in our country could the centennial of the event have been so worthily celebrated as here? What seaboard offered so magnificent a bay upon which to display our naval and merchant marine? What city offers thoroughfares so magnificent, or a population so great and so generous as New York has poured out to-day to celebrate that event? I have received at the hands of the committee who have been charged with the details—onerous, exacting, and too often unthankful—of this dem
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hoffman, Murray 1791-1878 (search)
Hoffman, Murray 1791-1878 Jurist; born in New York City, Sept. 29, 1791; graduated at Columbia College in 1809; was assistant vice-chancellor in 1839-43; and judge of the Superior Court of New York in 1853-61. His publications include Office and duties of masters in Chancery; Treatise on the practice of the Court of Chancery; Treatise on the corporation of New York as owners of property, and compilation of the laws relating to the City of New York; And treatise on the law of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. He died in Flushing, L. I., May 7, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holley, Orville Luther 1791-1861 (search)
Holley, Orville Luther 1791-1861 Editor; born in Salisbury, Conn., May 19, 1791; graduated at Harvard in 1813; studied law and practised in Hudson, Canandaigua, and New York City. He was editor of the Anti-Masonic magazine, Troy Sentinel, the Ontario repository, the Albany Daily Advertiser, and the State register; was surveyor-general of the State in 1838; and author of Description of the City of New York; and Life of Franklin. He died in Albany, N. Y., March 25, 1861.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jews and Judaism. (search)
hich in one form or another is to be found in all these Ghettos) has been a dreadful incentive towards grinding the face of the poor; and the results of too great a hoarding are often quite apparent; so that the general morality of the Jews in these Ghettos has suffered in consequence. A people ignorant of the language of their new home are a prey to the evil-intended, who make use of their ignorance for their own commercial and political advancement. This has been notably seen in the city of New York, where a lax city government has permitted the vampires of society to fasten their fangs upon the Ghetto and to produce conditions which call for the active interference of all those forces which seek to stamp out crime and vice. But, on the other hand, to one who is acquainted with the inner life of the Ghetto the virtues which have hitherto characterized the Jews—industry and sobriety—are still to be found there; much more frequently than in those parts where the richer classes congr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Knyphausen, Baron Wilhelm von 1716-1800 (search)
Knyphausen, Baron Wilhelm von 1716-1800 Military officer; born in Lutzberg, Germany, Nov. 4, 1716; began his military career in the Prussian service in 1734, and became a general in the army of Frederick the Great in 1775. He arrived in America in June, 1776, and was first engaged in battle here in that of Long Island in August following, in which he commanded a body of Hessian mercenaries. Knyphausen was in the battle of White Plains; assisted in the capture of Fort Washington, which was named by its captors Fort Knyphausen; was conspicuous in the battle of Brandywine in 1777, and in Monmouth in 1778; and commanded an expedition to Springfield, N. J., in June, 1780. In the absence of Sir Henry Clinton he was in command of the city of New York. He died in Cassel, Dec. 7, 1800.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lamb, Martha Joan Reade Nash 1829-1893 (search)
Lamb, Martha Joan Reade Nash 1829-1893 Historian; born in Plainfield, Mass., Aug. 13, 1829; was educated in the higher branches of English and the modern languages. In 1852 she married Charles A. Lamb and removed to Chicago, where she aided in establishing the Home for the Friendless and Half-orphan Asylum. In 1863 she was secretary of the United States Sanitary Commission Fair. Three years later she went to New York City, and from that time gave her whole attention to authorship. In 1883 she became editor of the Magazine of American history. She belonged to about thirty historical and other societies. Her chief work is the History of the City of New York. Her other publications include Spicy; The homes of America; The Christmas Owl; Snow and sunshine; Wall Street in history; Memorial of Dr. J. D. Russ, etc. She died in New York City, Jan. 2, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lewis, Morgan 1754-1844 (search)
mbridge in June, 1775. He was on the staff of General Gates with the rank of colonel in January, 1776, and soon afterwards became quartermaster-general of the Northern army. He was active during the war, and at its close was admitted to the bar, and practised in Dutchess county, N. Y. He was a judge of the court of common pleas and of the superior court of the State in 1792, being, the year before, attorney-general. He was chief-justice in 1801, and governor from 1804 to 1807. In 1812 he was appointed quartermastergeneral with the rank of brigadier-general, and was promoted to major-general in 1813. He was active on the Niagara frontier in 1814, and was placed in command of the defenses of the city of New York. After the war he devoted himself to literature and agriculture. In 1832 he delivered the address on the centennial of Washington's birth before the city authorities, and in 1835 became president of the New York Historical Society. He died in New York City, April 7, 1844.
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