Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for New York (New York, United States) or search for New York (New York, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cooper, Peter 1791- (search)
xtensively in iron-works at Canten, near Baltimore, and there he manufactured the first locomotive engine ever made in America, which worked successfully on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Then he erected a rolling-mill and ironmill in the city of New York, in which he first successfully used anthracite coal in puddling iron. In 1845 he removed the machinery to Trenton, N. J., where he erected the largest rolling-mill then in the United States for manufacturing railroad iron. There were rolled the first wrought-iron beams for fire-proof buildings. He became an alderman in the city of New York about 1840. Prospering greatly in business, Mr. Cooper conceived the idea of establishing in New York a free institute, something after the Polytechnic Institute in Paris. He erected a building, and endowed art schools and other means for fitting young men and young women of the working-classes for business, at a cost of between $600,000 and $700,000, and presented the Cooper Institute to t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Peyster, Abraham, 1658-1728 (search)
De Peyster, Abraham, 1658-1728 Jurist; born in New Amsterdam (New York), July 8, 1658; eldest son of Johannes De Peyster, a noted merchant of his day. Between 1691 and 1695 he was mayor of the city of New York; was first assistant justice and then chief-justice of New York, and was one of the King's council under Governor Hyde (afterwards Lord Cornbury), and as its president was acting-governor for a time in 1701. Judge De Peyster was colonel of the forces in New York and treasurer of that province and New Jersey. He was a personal friend and correspondent of William Penn. Having amassed considerable wealth, he built a fine mansion, which stood, until 1856, in Pearl street. It was used by Washington as his headquarters for a while in 1776. He died in New York City Aug. 10, 1728.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Drama, early American. (search)
Drama, early American. As early as 1733, there appears to have been a sort of theatrical performance in the city of New York. In October of that year, George Talbot, a merchant, published a notice in Bradford's Gazette, directing inquiries to be made at his store next door to the Play-house. In 1750 some young Englishmen and Americans got up a coffee-house representation of Otway's Orphans in Boston. The pressure for entrance to the novelty was so great that a disturbance arose, which gave the authorities reason for taking measures for the suppression of such performances. At the next session of the legislature a law was made prohibiting theatrical entertainments, because, as it was expressed in the preamble, they tended not only to discourage industry and frugality, but likewise greatly to increase immorality, impiety, and a contempt for religion. Regular theatrical performances were introduced into America soon afterwards, when, in 1752, a company of actors from London, le
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Draper, John William, 1811- (search)
born in St. Helen's, near Liverpool, England, May 5, 1811; was educated in scientific studies at the University of London; came to the United States in 1833, and continued his medical and chemical studies in the University of Pennsylvania, where John William Draper. he took the degree of M. D. He became (1836-39) Professor of Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, and Physiology in Hampden-Sidney College, Virginia. From 1839 Dr. Draper was connected, as professor, with the University of the City of New York, and aided in establishing the University Medical College, of which he was appointed (1841) Professor of Chemistry. In 1850 physiology was added to the chair of chemistry. From that year he was the president of the medical faculty of the institution, and in 1874 he was also president of the scientific department of the university. Dr. Draper was one of the most patient, careful, and acute of scientific investigators. His industry in experimental researches was marvellous, and his pu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Duyckinck, Evert Augustus, 1816-1878 (search)
value. To this Evert added a supplement in 1865. His other important works are, Wit and wisdom of Sidney Smith; National portrait-gallery of eminent Americans; History of the War for the Union; History of the world from the earliest period to the present time; and Portrait-Gallery of eminent men and women of Europe and America (2 volumes). Mr. Duyckinck's latest important literary labor was in the preparation, in connection with William Cullen Bryant (q. v.), of a new and thoroughly annotated edition of Shakespeare's writings. Evert died in New York City, Aug. 13, 1878. His brother, George long, was born in New York City, Oct. 17, 1823; graduated at the University of the City of New York in 1843. Besides his assistance in the conduct of the Literary world and the preparation of the Cyclopaedia of American Literature, he published biographies of George Herbert (1858), Bishop Thomas Ken (1859), Jeremy Taylor (1860), and Bishop Latimer (1861). He died in New York City March 30, 1863.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Election bill, federal. (search)
w containing the local-option principle sectional. A law which may be applied anywhere on the fulfilment of a simple and easily-fulfilled condition is as national and general as a law which must be applied everywhere, whether asked for or not. Moreover, the origin of the legislation of which this is a mere continuance is the best proof of its national character. The original supervisors' law, of which this is an extension, was designed especially to meet the notorious frauds in the city of New York, and the new bill aims quite as much to cure frauds in the great cities of the North as in any part of the country. It is, indeed, the knowledge of this fact which sharpens the anguish of the Northern Democrats at what they pathetically call an invasion of State rights. It is not the peril of State rights which afflicts them, but the thought of an abridgment of those liberties with the ballot-box of which the performances in Hudson county, N. J., have afforded the most recent illustr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Elections, federal control of. (search)
d the votes which belong to it by virtue of the Constitution of the country. If you tell us that these are ignorant votes and ought not to be counted, we answer—and the answer is and that the Democratic party never conclusive—that ignorance is everywhere, failed to vote its ignorance to the uttermost verge of the law. Why should they, of all partisans, claim that only scholars should vote? Is the high and honorable esteem in which the chief officers of the greatest Democratic city—the city of New York—are now held among men an example of what intelligence will do for a community? If a man thinks the same thing of the republic that I do, must there be an inquest held over his intelligence before I can have his vote counted with mine in the government of the United States? Or, to put it more directly, in the language of ex-Governor Bullock, of Georgia, which is quoted in the Atlanta Constitution, It is now generally admitted with us that there is no more danger to the body politic
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Emmet, Thomas Addis, 1763-1827 (search)
d then law, and was admitted to the Dublin bar in 1791. He became a leader of the Association of United Irishmen, and was one of a general committee whose ultimate object was to secure the freedom of Ireland from British rule. With many of his associates, he was arrested in 1798, and for more than two years was confined in Fort George, Scotland. His brother Robert, afterwards engaged in the same cause, was hanged in Dublin in 1803. Thomas was liberated and banished to France after the treaty of Amiens, the severest penalties being pronounced against him if he should return to Great Britain. His wife was permitted to join him, on condition that she should never again set foot on British soil. He came to the United States in 1804, and became very eminent in his profession in the city of New York. He was made attorneygeneral of the State in 1812. A monument—an obelisk—was erected to his memory in St. Paul's church-yard, New York, on Broadway. He died in New York, Nov. 14, 1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Empire State, (search)
Empire State, A popular name given to the State of New York, because it is the most populous, wealthy, and politically powerful State in the Union. It is sometimes called the Excelsior State, from the motto Excelsior—— higher — on its seal and coat-of-arms. The city of New York, its commercial metropolis, and the largest city in the Union, is sometimes called the Empire
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Episcopacy in America. (search)
e prevailing religious organization in New York. The act of the Assembly procured by Governor Fletcher, though broad in its scope, was destined for that purpose. Under that act Trinity Church was organized, and Fletcher tried to obtain authority to appoint all the ministers, but the Assembly successfully resisted his designs. In 1695 Rev. John Miller, in a long letter to the Bishop of London on the condition of religion and morals, drew a gloomy picture of the state of society in the city of New York, and earnestly recommended as a remedy for all these social evils to send over a bishop to the province of New York duly qualified as suffragan to the Bishop of London, and five or six young ministers, with Bibles and prayer-books; to unite New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Rhode Island into one province; and the bishop to be appointed governor, at a salary of $7,200, his Majesty to give him the King's Farm of 30 acres, in New York, as a seat for himself and his successors. When S
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