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Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore) 10 0 Browse Search
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2 10 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 10 0 Browse Search
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen 10 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 10 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 3. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 8 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Poetry and Incidents., Volume 8. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 0 Browse Search
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for New York (New York, United States) or search for New York (New York, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Equal rights party. (search)
Equal rights party. In the city of New York, in 1835, there arose in the ranks of the Democratic party a combination of men opposed to all banking institutions and monopolies of every sort. A Workingman's party had been formed in 1829, but had become defunct, and the Equal rights party was its successor. They acted with much caution and secrecy in their opposition to the powerful Democratic party, but never rose above the dignity of a faction. They made their first decided demonstration at Tammany Hall at the close of October, 1835, when an event occurred which caused them afterwards to be known as Loco-Focos (q. v.), a name applied by the Whigs to the whole Democratic party. The faction soon became formidable, and the regulars endeavored to reconcile the irregulars by nominating their favorite for the Presidency, Richard M. Johnson, for Vice-President with Martin Van Buren.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ericsson, John, 1803-1889 (search)
ly in mechanical pursuits, and made numerous inventions, notably that of artificial draft, which is still used in locomotive engines. He won the prize offered by the Manchester and Liverpool Railway for the best locomotive, making one that attained the then astonishing speed of 50 miles an hour. He invented the screw propeller for navigation, but the British admiralty being unwilling to believe in its capacity and success, Ericsson came to the United States in 1839, and resided in the city of New York or its immediate vicinity till his death. In 1841 he was engaged in the construction of the United States ship-ofwar Princeton, to which he applied his propeller. She was the first steamship John Ericsson. ever built with the propelling machinery under the water-line and out of reach of shot. In 1840 he received the gold medal of the Mechanics' Institute of New York for the best model of a steam fire-engine, and constructed the first one seen in the United States. King Oscar of Swe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Erie Canal, the, (search)
ate, but of other States, approved it. The national government would do nothing in the matter, and the State of New York resolved to construct the canal alone. Clinton was made governor in 1816, and used all his official and private influence in favor of the enterprise. He saw it begun during his first administration. The first excavation was made July 4, 1817, and it was completed and formally opened by him, as chief magistrate of the State, in 1825, when a grand aquatic procession from Albany proceeded to the sea, and the governor poured a keg of the water of Lake Erie into the Atlantic Ocean. The canal was constructed at a cost of $7, 602,000. Untold wealth has been won for the State and the city of New York by its operations, directly and indirectly. Over its bosom have floated the products of the Northwestern States and Territories, valued at billions of dollars. Up to 1901 the canal had cost for construction, enlargement, other improvements, and maintenance $52,540,800.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1881 (search)
Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1881 Statesman; born in Boston, Mass., Feb. 6, 1818; graduated at Yale College in 1837; studied law, and was admitted to the bar, in the city of New York, in 1840, where he William Maxwell Evarts. afterwards resided and practised his profession. He was one of the ablest and most eloquent members of the bar, and held a foremost rank in his profession for many years. He was the leading counsel employed for the defence of President Johnson in his impeachment before the Senate in 1868. President Hayes appointed Mr. Evarts Secretary of State in March, 1877, and in January, 1885, he was elected United States Senator, holding the seat till 1891. He died in New York City, Feb. 28, 1901. Bimetallism. In 1881, after the conclusion of his term of service in the cabinet, he went to Paris as delegate of the United States to the International Monetary Conference. He there made the following plea for the employment of both gold and silver in the money o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fine Arts, the. (search)
of William the Conqueror. During the later years of his life Palmer resided in London, and his collection of rarities and ancient Greek and Roman coins was well known among literary men. This school of fine arts in America was projected years before Dean Berkeley projected his college in the Bermudas (see Berkeley, George) and brought John Smybert (q. v.) with him to cultivate art therein. In 1791 Archibald Robertson, a Scotchman and a portrait-painter, established a seminary in the city of New York which he called the Columbian Academy of Painting. He succeeded well, and his pupils did honor to the institution. In 1801 Robert R. Livingston, then American minister in France, proposed the establishment of an academy of fine arts in New York. He wrote to friends, suggesting the raising of funds by subscription for the purpose of purchasing copies of antique statuary and paintings for the instruction of young artists. An association for the purpose was formed late in 1802, but it
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floating batteries. (search)
ne-tree flag. Colonel Reed, writing to Colonel Moylan, on Oct. 20, 1775, said: Please to fix some particular color for a flag and a signal, by which our vessels may know each other. What do you think of a flag with a white ground, a tree in the middle, and the motto An Appeal to Heaven? This is the flag of our floating batteries. When the War of 1812-15 broke out, the subject of harbor defences occupied much of the attention of citizens of the American coast towns, especially in the city of New York. Among the scientific men of the day, John Stevens and Robert Fulton appear conspicuous in proposing plans for that purpose. Earlier than this (in 1807), Abraham Bloodgood, of Albany, suggested the construction of a floating revolving battery not unlike, in its essential character, the revolving turret built by Captain Ericsson in the winter of 1861-62. In March, 1814, Thomas Gregg, of Pennsylvania, obtained a patent for a proposed ironclad steam vessel-of-war, resembling in figure t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Freedom of a City. (search)
d the liberty of the press in the case of John Peter Zenger (q. v.), the corporation of the city of New York conferred the freedom of the city upon him. The certificate of such honor is usually enclos event. The following is a copy of the certificate of freedom which the corporation of the city of New York gave to Gen. Jacob Brown (q. v.) after the battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane, in the suml to whom these presents shall come, De Witt Clinton, Esq., Mayor, and the Aldermen of the city of New York, send greeting: At a meeting of the Common Council, held at the Common Council chamber in the City Hall of the city of New York, the following resolutions were unanimously agreed to: Whereas, the Corporation of the city entertains the most lively sense of the late brilliant achievements cer and his intrepid associates, who have added such lustre to our arms, the freedom of the city of New York be presented to Gen. Jacob Brown, that his portrait be obtained and placed in the gallery o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French refugees in America. (search)
French refugees in America. The colony of Huguenots planted in America by Coligni disappeared, but the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (q. v.) in 1685 caused another and larger emigration to America. The refugees in England had been kindly assisted there, and after the accession of William and Mary Parliament voted $75,000 to be distributed among persons of quality and all such as, through age or infirmity, were unable to support themselves. The King sent a large body of them to Virginia, and lands were allotted them on the James River; others purchased lands of the proprietaries of Carolina, and settled on the Santee River; while others—merchants and artisans—settled in Charleston. These Huguenots were a valuable acquisition to the colonies. In the South they planted vineyards and made wine. A large number of them settled in the province of New York, chiefly in Westchester and Ulster counties, and in the city of New York
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gallatin, Albert 1761- (search)
ommissioners to negotiate. He resigned his Secretaryship. In 1815 he was appointed minister to France, where he remained until 1823. He refused a seat in the cabinet of Monroe on his return, and declined to be a candidate for Vice-President, to which the dominant Democratic party nominated him. President Adams appointed him minister to Great Britain, where he negotiated several important commercial conventions. Returning to the United States in 1827, he took up his residence in the city of New York. There he was engaged in public services, in various ways, until 1839, when he withdrew from public duties and directed the remainder of his life to literary pursuits, especially in the field of history and ethnology. He was the chief founder (1842) and first president of the American Ethnological Society, and was president of the New York Historical Society from 1843 until his death, in Astoria, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1849. Although strictly in private life, Mr. Gallatin took special inter
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gates, Horatio 1728-1806 (search)
er of the troops that defeated and captured Burgoyne and his army in the fall of 1777. He soon afterwards intrigued for the position of Washington as commander-inchief, using his power as president of the board of war for the purpose, but ignominously failed. In June, 1780, he was Horatio Gates. made commander of the Southern Department, but made a disastrous campaign, his army being utterly defeated and routed by Cornwallis near Camden, S. C., in August, 1780. This defeat terminated Gates's military career. He was removed from command and suspended from service, but was finally vindicated, and reinstated in command in 1782. He retired to his estate in Virginia, and in 1790 made his residence in New York City, having first emancipated all his slaves, and provided for such of them as could not take care of themselves. He was presented with the freedom of the city of New York, and elected to the State legislature, but declined to serve. He died in New York City, April 10, 1806.
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