Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for New York (New York, United States) or search for New York (New York, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Lexington and Concord. (search)
sed, and all vessels preparing to sail for Quebec, Newfoundland, Boston, or Georgia were detained—the latter colony not having yet sent delegates to the Continental Congress. The New-Yorkers addressed a letter to the mayor and aldermen of London—from whom Boston, in its distress, had received sympathy and aid—declaring that all the horrors of civil war could not compel the colonists to submit to taxation by the British Parliament. The inhabitants of Philadelphia followed those of the city of New York. Those of New Jersey took possession of the provincial treasury, containing about $50,000; to use for their own defence. The news reached Baltimore in six days, when the people seized the provincial magazine, containing about 1,500 stand of arms, and Jonathan Harrington stopped all exports to the fishing-islands, to such of the islands as had not joined the confederacy, and to the British army and navy at Boston. In Virginia a provincial Battle-ground at Concord. convention wa<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Livingston, Philip 1716- (search)
Livingston, Philip 1716- Signer of the Declaration of Independence; born in Albany, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1716; graduated at Yale College in 1737; became a prominent merchant in the city of New York; was an alderman there from 1754 to 1758; and a member of the Provincial Assembly in 1759, in which he was one of the committee of correspondence with the colonial agent in England, Edmund Burke. Livingston opposed the taxation schemes of Parliament, and was unseated by a Tory majority in 1769, when the controversy between Great Britain and her colonies ran high. He was a member of the first Congress (1774), and held a seat in that body until his death, when their session was held at York, the British having possession of Philadelphia. Mr. Livingston was associated with Lee and Jay in the preparation of the two state papers put forth by the first Congress, and was very active on the most important committees in Congress. He founded the professorship of divinity at Yale College in 1746;
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Long Island. (search)
ns did not exceed 1,000, of whom one-half were prisoners. Howe did not follow up his advantage, but allowed the American army on Long Island to retreat in safety to New York. This retreat was unsuspected by the British leaders on land and water until it was too late to pursue. A Tory woman Lord Stirling's last stand around the Cortelyou House. living near the ferry sent her negro servant to inform the British of the retreat. Brower's Mill in 1850 He encountered a German sentinel, who could not understand a word he said, and would not let him pass. Before six o'clock (Aug. 30> 1776) 9,000 American soldiers, with their baggage and munitions of war, excepting some heavy artillery, had crossed the East River from Long Island to Manhattan, or New York, Island. When Howe perceived this he became greatly enraged, took possession of the deserted camp, moved his army eastward, its advance being at Flushing, and prepared to seize the city of New York with the American troops in it.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McClellan, George Brinton 1826-1885 (search)
ssful Democratic candidate for President of the United States against Mr. Lincoln in 1864 (see below). He resigned his commission in the army on the day of the election, Nov. 8, and took up his residence in New York. After a visit to Europe, he became (1868) a citizen of New Jersey, and engaged in the business of an engineer. The will of Edward A. Stevens, of Hoboken, made him superintendent of the Stevens floating battery; and he was appointed superintendent of docks and piers in the city of New York, which office he resigned in 1872. In 1877 he was elected governor of New Jersey. He died in Orange, N. J., Oct. 29, 1885. Presidential candidate. On Aug. 29, 1864, the Democratic National Convention assembled in Chicago, Ill., and nominated General McClellan for the Presidency on the following declaration of principles: Resolved, that in the future, as in the past, we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the Union under the Constitution, as the only solid foundation o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McCook, Anson George 1835- (search)
McCook, Anson George 1835- Military officer; born in Steubenville, O., Oct. 10, 1835; another son of Major McCook; was educated in the common schools of New Lisbon, O.; spent several years in California; and was admitted to the bar in 1861. When the Civil War broke out he entered the Union army as a captain in the 2d Ohio Infantry; was in the first battle of Bull Run; and on the reorganization of his regiment for three years service became colonel, and served with the Army of the Cumberland, and later in the Atlanta campaign, becoming a brigadiergeneral. After the war He was United States assessor of internal revenues at Steubenville, O., till 1873; then removed to New York City. He was a Republican Representative in Congress in 1877-83; secretary of the United States Senate in 1887-93; and chamberlain of the city of New York in 1893-97.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Manhattan Island, (search)
Manhattan Island, The site of the city of New York, now comprising the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx of the Greater New York, was so named by the Dutch after a tribe of Indians which they first found there, who were called Mannahatans. The popular story that the name signifies place of drunkenness, and that it was given because there the Indians were made drunk by Verrazano (1524) or Hudson (1609), is apocryphal. When Peter Minuit reached New Netherland as governor (1626), he purchased the island of the natives for the Dutch West India Company for the value of sixty guilders (about $24), and paid for it in trinkets, hatchets, knives, etc. About 1612 Capt. Hendrick Christiansen carried some rabbits and goats from Holland to Manhattan, but they were poisoned by the herbage growing there, and it was a long time before any domestic animals were seen on the island excepting cats and dogs. In Landing of the Dutch settlers on Manhattan Island. the winter of 1613-14, Captain
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monroe, James 1759-1870 (search)
party had been uprooted by embargoes and the war, and, by the question of the United States Bank, internal improvements, and the tariff, had been almost completely swept away. During his administration he recognized the independence of several of the South American states, and promulgated the Monroe doctrine (see below). He retired to private life in 1825, and in 1831, after the death of his wife, he left Virginia and made his residence with his son-in-law, Samuel L. Gouverneur, in the city of New York, where he died, July 4, 1831. The Monroe doctrine. This great national principle, which the United States has most strenuously maintained ever since its enunciation, was proclaimed by President Monroe in his message to Congress on Dec. 2, 1823. The declaration itself consists of but few words and is here printed in Italics; but to afford a fuller view of its far-reaching import, as well as to show the national conditions which called it forth, the entire message is reproduced as
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montgomery, Richard 1736- (search)
e city by storm. In that effort he was slain by grapeshot from a masked battery, Dec. 31, 1775. His death was regarded as a great public calamity, and on the floor of the British Parliament he was eulogized by Burke, Chatham, and Barre. Even Lord North spoke of him as brave, humane, and generous; but added, still he was only a brave, humane, and generous rebel; curse on his virtues, they've undone his Montgomery's monument. country. To this remark Fox retorted: The term rebel is no certain mark of disgrace. All the great assertors of liberty, the saviors of their country, the benefactors of mankind in all ages, have been called rebels. We owe the constitution which enables us to sit in this House to a rebellion. Montgomery was buried at Quebec. In 1818 his remains were removed to the city of New York, at the expense of the State, and they were deposited near the monument which the United States government had erected to his memory in the front of St. Paul's Church, New York.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morse, Samuel Finley Breese 1791-1879 (search)
Dying Hercules, his first attempt in sculpture. On his return home in 1815 he practised painting, chiefly in portraiture, in Boston, Charleston (S. C.), and in New York, where, in 1824-25, he laid the foundation of the National Academy of Design, organized in 1826, of which he was the first president, and in which place he continued for sixteen years. While he was abroad the second time (1829-32), he was elected Professor of the Literature of the Arts of Design in the University of the City of New York. Previous to his leaving home he had become familiar with the subject of electromagnetism by intimate personal intercourse with Prof. James Freeman Dana. On his return passage from Europe in 1832 in the ship Sully, in conversation with others concerning recent electric and magnetic experiments in France, Professor Morse conceived the idea of an electromagnetic and chemical recording telegraph as it now exists. Before the close of that year, a part of the apparatus was constructed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Native American party. (search)
Native American party. In 1844 the great influx of foreigners into the city of New York for several years preceding, and the facility with which our naturalization laws permitted foreigners to become voters, had enabled the adopted citizens to hold the balance of power between the two great parties, Whigs and Democrats, in the city elections. The consequence was that when either party gained a victory the adopted citizens claimed, as was alleged, an unreasonable share of the spoils, and the amount of the patronage controlled by the mayor and common council of New York was very great. The native citizens became alarmed, and it was resolved to endeavor to make the naturalization laws more stringent. A large number of citizens, including many of the most respectable in character and wealth, united in forming a Native American party. They nominated James Harper for mayor, and he was elected by a majority of 4,316, with a greater portion of the aldermen. The Native American party
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