Storms drove them into the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, when they ascended the Powhatan River 50 miles, landed, and built a hamlet, which they called Jamestown.
The stream they named James River—both in compliment to their King.
After various vicissitudes, the settlement flourished, and, in 1619, the first representative Assembly in Virginia was held at Jamestown.
Then were laid the foundations of the State of Virginia (q. v.). Manhattan Island (now the borough of Manhattan, city of New York) was discovered by Henry Hudson in 1609, while employed by the Dutch East India Company.
Dutch traders were soon afterwards seated there and on the site of Albany, 150 miles up the Hudson River.
The government of Holland granted exclusive privilege to Amsterdam merchants to traffic with the Indians on the Hudson, and the country was called New Netherland.
The Dutch West India Company was formed in 1621, with unrestricted control over New Netherland.
They bought Manhattan Island of