rt Rust, of Arkansas; William A. Howard, of Michigan; George S. Hawkins, of Florida; A. J. Hamilton, of Texas; C. C. Washburn, of Wisconsin; S. R. Curtis, of Iowa; John C. Burch, of California; William Winslow, of Minnesota; and Lansing Stout, of Oregon.
The Speaker, in framing this Committee, chose conservative men of the Free-labor States.
Those holding extreme anti-slavery views were excluded.
Mr. Pennington shared in the feeling throughout the Free-labor States, .that conciliation was des in the four sections:--The North, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The West, Ohio, Indiana,, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas. The Pacific, Oregon and California. The South, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Missouri.
These were all Slave-labor States.
This scheme for
, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, King, Seward, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, and Wilson.
NAYs, Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bragg, Bright, Clingman, Crittenden, Fitch, Green, Gwin, Hunter, Johnson of Tennessee, Kennedy, Lane of Oregon, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Polk, Powell, Pugh, Rice, Saulsbury, and Sebastian. The leading conspirators in the Senate, who might have defeated the amendment and carried the Crittenden Compromise, did not vote.
This reticence was preconcerted.
Ttion, and swear by our God, by all that is sacred and holy, that the Constitution shall be saved and the Union preserved.
From this lofty attitude of patriotism he never stooped a line during the fierce struggle that ensued.
Senator Baker, of Oregon, who attested his devotion to his country by giving his life in its defense on the battle-field a few months later,
October 21, 1861. made a most eloquent appeal for the preservation of the Union.
January 12. He and others had been powerfully m