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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agreement of the people, (search)
t such as are hereunder named, 8; Bristol, 3; Taunton-Dean. 1. Wiltshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except Salisbury, 7 ; Salisbury, 1. Berkshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except Reading, 5; Reading. 1. Surrey. with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except Southwark, 5; Southwark, 2. Middlesex, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except such as are hereunder named, 4; London, 8: Westminster and the Duchy, 2. Hertfordshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, 6. Buckinghamshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, 6. Oxfordshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except such as are hereunder named, 4; Oxford City, 2; Oxford University, 2. Gloucestershire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except Gloucester, 7; Gloucester, 2. Herefordshire, with the Boroughs, Towns, and Parishes therein, except Hereford, 4; Hereford, 1. Worcestershire, wit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Flower, George 1780-1862 (search)
Flower, George 1780-1862 Colonist; born in Hertfordshire, England, about 1780; came to the United States with Morris Birkbeck in 1817; and established an English colony in Albion, Ill. In 1823 when an attempt was made to give legality to slavery in that State it was his influence that defeated the measure. He was the author of a History of the English settlement in Edwards county, Illinois, founded in 1817 and 1818 by Morris Birkbeck and George Flower. He died in Grayville, Ill., Jan. 15, 1862.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Galloway, Joseph -1803 (search)
ries who misrepresented the colonies in England, to which he fled when his principles were discovered and denounced. He quailed before Samuel Adams, the stern Puritan and patriot, and cordially hated him because he feared him. Though by no means remarkable for brilliant abilities, wrote Galloway, he is equal to most men in popular intrigue and the management of a faction. He eats little, drinks little, sleeps little, and thinks much; and is most decisive and indefatigable in the pursuit of his objects. He was the man who, by his superior application, managed at once the faction in Congress at Philadelphia and the factions in New England. After the question of independence began to be seriously agitated, Galloway abandoned the Whig, or republican, cause, and was thenceforward an uncompromising Tory. When the British army evacuated Philadelphia, in 1778, he left his country, with his daughter, went to England, and never returned. He died in Watford, Hertfordshire, Aug. 29, 1803.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Government, instrument of. (search)
ro, 1; Penryn, 1; East Looe and West Looe, 1 Cumberland, 2; Carlisle, 1; Derbyshire, 4 Derby Town, 1; Devonshire, 11; Exeter, 2; Plymouth, 2; Clifton, Dartmouth, Hardness, 1; Totnes, 1; Barnstable, 1; Tiverton, 1; Honiton, 1; Dorsetshire, 6; Dorchester, 1; Weymouth and Melcomb-Regis, 1; Lyme-Regis, 1; Poole, 1; Durham, 2; City of Durham, 1; Essex, 13; Malden, 1; Colchester, 2; Gloucestershire, 5; Gloucester, 2; Tewkesbury, 1; Cirencester, 1; Herefordshire, 4; Hereford, 1; Leominster, 1; Hertfordshire, 5; St. Alban's, 1; Hertford, 1; Huntingdonshire, 3; Huntingdon, 1; Kent, 11; Canterbury, 2; Rochester, 1; Maidstone, 1 ; Dover, 1; Sandwich, 1; Queenborough, 1; Lancashire, 4; Preston, 1; Lancaster, 1; Liverpool, 1; Manchester, 1; Leicestershire, 4; Leicester, 2; Lincolnshire, 10; Lincoln, 2; Boston, 1; Grantham, 1; Stamford, 1; Great Grimsby, 1; Middlesex, 4; London, 6; Westminster, 2; Monmouthshire, 3; Norfolk, 10; Norwich, 2; Lynn-Regis, 2; Great Yarmouth, 2; Northamptonshire, 6; Pet
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Norton, John 1606-1663 (search)
Norton, John 1606-1663 Clergyman; born in Hertfordshire, England, May 6, 1606; became a Puritan preacher; settled in New Plymouth in 1635; and went to Boston in 1636, while the Hutchinsonian controversy (see Hutchinson, Anne) was running high. He soon became minister of the church at Ipswich. In 1648 he assisted in framing the Cambridge Platform. He went with Governor Bradstreet to Charles II., after his restoration, to get a confirmation of the Massachusetts charter. A requirement which the King insisted upon—namely, that justice should be administered in the royal name, and that all persons of good moral character should be admitted to the Lord's Supper, and their children to baptism—was very offensive to the colonists, who treated their agents who agreed to the requirement with such coldness that it hastened the death of Norton, it is said. The first Latin prose book written in the country was by Norton—an answer to questions relating to church government. He also wrote a<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster Abbey. (search)
this respect the slab is unique. It marks the spot where lay, for a few days only, the mortal remains of the generous American citizen, George Peabody. The name of Mr. Peabody will be remembered for centuries to come in England, because it is perpetuated by the buildings for the residence of the poor which are due to his great bequest. It will be brought into yet more constant remembrance by this his temporary grave. His first American ancestor, says Colonel Chester, emigrated from Hertfordshire as a husbandman in 1635. With singular felicity Dean Stanley chose from Mr. Peabody's own diary a sentence to carve upon his tomb. It is, I have prayed my Heavenly Father day by day that I might be enabled before I died to show my gratitude for the blessings which He has bestowed upon me by doing some great good to my fellow-men. Sentences like these have something more than a biographic interest. They are as morally instructive as those carved for the benefit of citizens on the At
as visible at Belfast, a distance of nearly seventy miles, in a direct line. Subsequently, Colonel Colby made a lime-light signal visible from Antrim, in Ireland, to Ben Lomnd, in Scotland, a distance of ninetyfive miles in a straight line. It is stated that, intensified by a parabolic reflector, it has been observed at a distance of 112 miles. It is understood that the first application in practice was when it was required to see Leith Hill, in Surry, from Berkhampstead Tower, in Hertfordshire. The practical application was described in two papers published in the Philosophical Transactions of 1826 and 1831. The apparatus consists of a lamp which admits oxygen and hydrogen gas at the respective apertures o h. The gases come from separate holders, and do not mix till they reach the chamber c. Here they pass through several thicknesses of wire-gauze, which prevent explosion by the reflex action of the flame, and then issue at two points, being projected upon the ball b, wh
nd-slips and watercourses. Highways were first made public in many parts of England by the Romans. In the time of Edward I. they were ordered to be widened and cleared of trees within 200 feet of the road, for the prevention of robberies. Toll was granted on one in London in 1346. The parishes were made answerable for their condition in 1553. Toll-gates were erected in 1663. In the sixteenth year of the reign of the frivolous Charles II. a turnpike road was established through Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and Huntingdonshire. The Simplon road from Geneva to Milan, built by Napoleon, cost the French government 17,000,000 livres ($3,250,000). MacAdam says: The measure of substituting pavements for convenient and useful roads is a kind of desperate remedy, to which ignorance has had recourse. The mode of road-making with broken stone, before MacAdam, was to make a foundation of large stone, on them place stones of a medium size, and finish off with the smallest. Ma
affording a greatly increased supply of moisture, which was said to have the effect of causing the plants to vegetate luxuriantly and of destroying insects. In 1799, Boulton and Watt constructed a heating apparatus, in Lee's factory, Manchester, in which the steam was conducted through cast-iron pipes, which also served as supports to the floor. See also heating apparatus, pages 1088-1091. One of the first buildings heated by steam is said to have been a silk-mill at Waterford, in Hertfordshire. It was 106 × 33 feet. 4 stories high. A furnace was built on the outside, and from the boiler rose a stand-pipe which had branches suspended from the ceiling of each story. The lower story had a pipe 5 inches in diameter; the 2d and 3d stories, pipes of 4 inches; the 4th story, one of 3 inches. The hight of the stories decreased upwardly. The pipes had a slight inclination to allow the water of condensation to run off, and valves at each story governed the admission of steam to the
e-long labors against slavery and the slave-trade, which have embalmed his memory. Writing an essay on the subject as a college-exercise, his soul warmed with the task; and at a period when even the horrors of the middle passage had not excited condemnation, he entered the lists, the stripling champion of the right.--He has left a record of the moment when this duty seemed to flash upon him. He was on horseback, on his way from Cambridge to London. Coming in sight of Wade's Mill, in Hertfordshire, he says, I sat down disconsolate on the turf by the roadside, and held my horse. Here a thought came over my mind, that, if the contents of my essay were true, it was time some person should see these calamities to their end. Pure and noble impulse to a beautiful career! After such exalted models Mr. Sumner formed the ideal for his own life. In the Whig State Convention at Springfield, Sept. 29, 1847, he made a stirring speech against supporting any pro-slavery man for the presid
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