he memory of Alhazen was lost, and the era of the Pedros and Philips commenced, then the cottonplant, too, faded away, and all the industries growing out of this beautiful staple languished.
The culture and manufacture revived again in Spain at Valencia and Barcelona respectively.
Fabrics and yarns were largely imported from the East into Europe for several centuries; but the manufacture of the cotton-wool, as it was long called, gradually crept into the various countries of Europe.
The e glazing earthenware.
The first use of cotton paper in Europe was among the Saracens in Spain, and cannot be traced back beyond the tenth century.
In Europe, it preceded the use of flax fiber for that purpose.
The paper of Xativa, a city of Valencia, was famous in the twelfth century.
1. A machine for scutching cotton to tear apart the matted masses and clean it. See cotton-cleaner.
2. A machine for picking cotton from the bolls of the plant.
71Antigua to Demerara, connecting the West India Windward Islands1,028
1871Porto Rico to Jamaica582
1872Lizard, England, to Bilbao, Spain460
1872British Columbia to Vancouver Island.18
1873Falmouth to Lisbon850
1873Caithness to Orkney8
1873Valentia to Newfoundland1,900
1873Key West to Havana125
1873Placentia, Newfoundland, to Sydney, Cape Breton300
1873Heligoland to Cuxhaven, Germany40
1873England to Denmark350
1873France to Denmark450
1873Denmark to Sweden12
1873Pernambuco, Brazil,l, to Rio Janeiro1,240
1874Italy to Sicily7
1874Jamaica to Porto Rico582
1874Rio Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul840
1874Rye Beach, U. S., to Tarr Bay, Nova Scotia550
1874Barcelona, Spain, to Marseilles, France200
1874Shetland to Orkney60
1874Valentia to Newfoundland1,900
United States vessels have lately been employed in taking soundings for the Pacific cable.
When this line of telegraph is laid, its length between the terminal points, namely, San Francisco and Yokohama, will be 5,573