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L. P. Brockett, The camp, the battlefield, and the hospital: or, lights and shadows of the great rebellion 2 0 Browse Search
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 2 0 Browse Search
Margaret Fuller, Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli (ed. W. H. Channing) 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Book and heart: essays on literature and life 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 22. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 29. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
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George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade), chapter 1 (search)
United States minister to Spain. The inability of Spain to liquidate promptly her indebtedness to Mr. Meade, and the absolute necessity of his remaining in that country to look after his extensive interests, rendered the time of his return to America so uncertain that he finally determined to send in advance to Philadelphia his wife and those of his children who had still remained with them. She sailed in 1817 and duly arrived in Philadelphia, and after her departure Mr. Meade removed to Madrid, where he continued his exertions for the payment of the moneys due him. In the meantime the treaty of 1819 between the United States and Spain, known as the Treaty of Florida, having been ratified by both governments, all just claims of American citizens then existing against Spain were, by the terms of that treaty, assumed by the United States in exchange for the cession of Florida by Spain. Thus released, Mr. Meade, in 1820, took his departure and joined his family in Philadelphia. B
George Meade, The Life and Letters of George Gordon Meade, Major-General United States Army (ed. George Gordon Meade), chapter 2 (search)
ied, pointing to Monterey, which is naturally much stronger, and saying that if the Mexicans could not defend that place, with all its strength, it is useless to try at Saltillo. What effect this argument will have upon their army is unknown, but rumor says they are retiring to San Luis, and have abandoned the pass of Las Muertas, on the road from here to Saltillo, which they had commenced to fortify. It appears that Canaliso, who was reported to have assumed the head of the army, is in Madrid, but papers from the City of Mexico, as late as the 14th ultimo, contain a proclamation of Santa Anna's, in which he modestly declines the supreme power, in order to place himself at the head of the army, to conquer or die. This is easily understood. Some individual named Salis, or Salisar, is temporarily placed at the head of affairs, a puppet of Santa Anna's, to bear the brunt of disaster, should things turn out badly, he taking all the credit as director, should the result be fortunate.
n science and mechanical skill. The water is carried across this stream (which divides the cities of Washington and Georgetown) by means of two arches of cast-iron pipes of 3 feet 6 inches interior diameter, formed of sections with flanges firmly screwed to each other and braced; upon these are laid a bridge over which the street cars pass, and which serves as a public avenue of communication between the two cities. The span is 200 feet, and the rise 20 feet. The aqueduct which supplies Madrid with water, and has a large surplus for irrigation, is fed from the river Lozoya, where it emerges from the Guardarama Mountains. This work was constructed under the superintendence of Don Lucio del Valle, between 1851 and 1858, and is 47 miles in length. The river gorge is crossed by a cut-stone dam, 98 feet in hight, its wings abutting upon the solid rock of the hillsides. The artificial lake thus formed contains 100,000,000 cubic feet of water. The cost of the whole work was 57,897,36
screen with a hole cut through it was arranged at each end of the line, so that only one letter should be visible at a time. The operator at the transmitting station waited until the letter be wanted came opposite the hole in the screen and then made the signal, causing the divergence of the pith-balls at the instant that the same letter became visible to the observer at the other station through the aperture in his screen. Betancourt, in 1796, constructed a single-line telegraph between Madrid and Aranjuez, a distance of twenty-seven miles, in which the electricity was furnished by a battery of Leyden jars, and the reading effected by the divergence of pith-balls. It was not, however, until the discoveries of Volta, Galvani, Oersted, Ampere, Faraday, and Henry elucidated the properties of electricity de- veloped by the voltaic battery, that a practical, continuously working instrument was feasible. Following these discoveries came the practical instruments and codes of the no
id wood; likewise several moving figures, which beat time, etc. We are told that the Emperor Theophilus, 829-41, had two great gilded organs, embellished with precious stones and golden trees, on which a variety of little birds sat and sung, the wind being conveyed to them by concealed tubes. The Duke of Mantua had an organ in which the pipes and other parts were made of alabaster. A pair of organs at Venice were made all of glass, and of the eight in the convent of the Escurial, near Madrid, one is said to be made of solid silver. The devices required in order to make a pipe sound or speak are: the bellows, for supplying condensed air; a channel, for conducting it to the pipe; a valve or other contrivance, for admitting and cutting it off; and a lever, for opening and closing the valve. The pipes are of two descriptions: the mouth or flute pipe (technically called flue-pipe) and the reed-pipe, which are each farther divided into several varieties. Mouth-pipes, so cal
ceiving arm has a head of 180 feet; the length of the inverted siphon is 2 1/3 miles; its diameter 30 inches. It supplies the Spring Valley Mining and Canal Company, Cherokee Flat, Butte County, California. The Bedonal siphon of the Madrid Aqueduct is an inverted siphon for crossing a valley, and is 4,600 feet in length. It consists of 4 cast-iron pipes, each 3 feet in diameter, and laid parallel. It forms one portion of the chain of works which brings the water of the river Lozoya to Madrid. At the point where the river emerges from the Guadarama Mountains a cut stone dam 98 feet high is erected, its wings abutting against the rocks on each side of the ravine. This artificial lake contains 100,000,000 cubic feet of water. It was constructed under the supervision of Lucio del Valle, and is 47 miles in length. The transverse section of the canal is about 20 square feet, and it discharges 6,600,000 cubic feet of water per day. Its cost was 57,897,368 francs, and it was built b
Frank Preston Stearns, Cambridge Sketches, Lowell (search)
Concord, who was brother-in-law to Secretary Evarts. His friends wondered that he should accept the position, but the truth was that Lowell at this time was comparatively poor. His taxes had increased, and his income had diminished. He complained to C. P. Cranch that the whole profit from the sale of his books during the preceding year was less than a hundred dollars, and he thought there ought to be a law for the protection of authors. The real trouble was hard times. He did not like Madrid, and at the end of a year wrote that it seemed impossible for him to endure the life there any longer. Evarts gave him a vacation, and at the end of the second year Hayes promoted him to the Court of St. James. Such an appointment would have been dangerous enough in 1861, but at the time it was made the relations between the United States and Great Britain were sufficiently peaceable to warrant it. Lowell represented his country in a highly creditable manner. The only difficulty he exp
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 1, Chapter 7: Hybrids. (search)
settlers from the soil: a policy of prudence if the natives were to be converted and preserved. Except the friars, no man had a right to hold land in California. Except the soldiers, sent to guard these friars and execute their orders, no man had a right of domicile in California. Civil laws and civil magistrates were unknown. California was treated as a Holy State, a paradise of monks, a patrimony of the Church. This clerical policy had always been supported by the king and council in Madrid. A pope had given California to Spain, and Spain was eager to restore it to the church. Yet how were veterans, grown grey in service on a distant shore, to leave their children, dear though dusky, to the chances of a savage life? Fear, as well as pity, held the clerical policy in check. If left behind, they must remain a progeny of shame, an evidence of moral failure, in the neighbourhood of every mission in the land. Holding no place in any Indian tribe, these Hybrids would have to li
William Hepworth Dixon, White Conquest: Volume 2, Chapter 28: Philadelphia. (search)
ion like Brighton and Saratoga. She owes no part of her fortune to having been made a free port, like Livorno, or to her having taken the fancy of a Caesar, like Madrid. Her growth is natural. Accidental growth is seen in many towns. A railway bridge secures prosperity to Omaha; a line of docks makes Birkenhead; a spring of oiless parochial, and more of her chief citizens, both civil and military, find their interest in living near the Emperor's court. Yet in Berlin, as in Washington, Madrid, and other artificial capitals, the limit of this accidental growth must soon be reached. Berlin is not, like London and like Philadelphia, a great commercial centre, with a port sufficiently near the sea for purpose of trade. Berlin is land-locked, like Madrid. Few things are more certain than that the future capitals of the world will stand on both elements, accessible, as Constantine said of Byzantium, by sea and land. We hear so rarely of this silently-growing city on the Delaware
L. P. Brockett, The camp, the battlefield, and the hospital: or, lights and shadows of the great rebellion, Pauline Cushman, the celebrated Union spy and scout of the Army of the Cumberland. (search)
of the Cumberland. Among the wild and dashing exploits which have signalized the recent war-rivalling in heroic and dramatic interest the most famous achievements of the earlier days of chivalry-few are more striking or picturesque than the simple narrative of facts which we are about to relate. Miss Pauline Cushman, or Major Cushman, as she is, by right, most generally called, was born in the city of New Orleans, on the 10th day of June, 1833, her father being a Spaniard, a native of Madrid, and a prosperous merchant of the Crescent city, and her mother a French woman of excellent social position and attainments. In course of time, her father met with losses which followed one another in rapid succession, and unable to stay the tide of adversity, after a brave but unavailing struggle, he abandoned his enterprises in New Orleans, and removed with his family to Grand Rapids, Michigan. This town was at that time little more than a frontier settlement, and opening an establishmen
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