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Pausanias, Description of Greece, Phocis and Ozolian Locri, chapter 20 (search)
Any one who so wishes can compare the number of those who mustered to meet king Xerxes at Thermopylae with those who now mustered to oppose the Gauls. To meet the Persians there came Greek contingents of the following strength. Lacedaemonians with Leonidas not more than three hundred; Tegeans five hundred, and five hundred from Mantineia; from Orchomenus in Arcadia a hundred and twenty; from the other cities in Arcadia one thousand; from Mycenae eighty; from Phlius two hundred, and from Corinth twice this number; of the Boeotians there mustered seven hundred from Thespiae and four hundred from Thebes. A thousand Phocians guarded the path on Mount Oeta, and the number of these should be added to the Greek total. HerodotusSee Hdt. 7.203 does not give the number of the Locrians under Mount Cnemis, but he does say that each of their cities sent a contingent. It is possible, however, to make an estimate of these also that comes very near to the truth. For not more than nine thousand Atheni
Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 330c (search)
it themselves.Aristotle makes a similar observation, Eth. Nic. iv. 1.20, Rhet. i. 11. 26, ii. 16. 4. For nouveaux riches, GENNAI=OI E)K BALLANTI/OU, see Starkie on Aristophanes Wasps, 1309. But those who have themselves acquired it have a double reason in comparison with other men for loving it. For just as poets feel complacency about their own poems and fathers about their own sons,Cf. Theaetetus 160 E, Symposium 209 C, Phaedrus 274 E, with Epaminondas' saying, that Leuctra and Mantineia were his children. so men who have made money take this money seriously as their own creation and they also value it for its uses as other people do. So they are hard to talk to since they are unwilling to commend anything except wealth.
Polybius, Histories, book 2, Queen Teuta's Pirates (search)
at the first blow, the Gauls within the walls acting in collusion with them. When this news was known, the Epirotes raised a general levy and came in haste to the rescue. Arriving in the neighbourhood of Phoenice, they pitched their camp so as to have the river which flows past Phoenice between them and the enemy, tearing up the planks of the bridge over it for security. But news being brought them that Scerdilaidas with five thousand Illyrians was marching overland by way of the pass near Antigoneia, they detached some of their forces to guard that town; while the main body gave themselves over to an unrestrained indulgence in all the luxuries which the country could supply; and among other signs of demoralisation they neglected the necessary precaution of posting sentries and night pickets. The division of their forces, as well as the careless conduct of the remainder, did not escape the observation of the Illyrians; who, sallying out at night, and replacing the planks on the bridge,
Polybius, Histories, book 2, The Aetolians and Achaeans Support the Epirotes (search)
s received from Teuta, ordering their instant return, because certain Illyrians had revolted to the Dardani Accordingly, after merely stopping to plunder Epirus, they made a truce with the inhabitants, by which they undertook to deliver up all freemen, and the city of Phoenice, for a fixed ransom. They then took the slaves they had captured and the rest of their booty to their galleys, and some of them sailed away; while those who were with Scerdilaidas retired by land through the pass at Antigoneia, after inspiring no small or ordinary terror in the minds of the Greeks who lived along the coast. For seeing the most securely placed and powerful city of Epirus thus unexpectedly reduced to slavery, they one and all began henceforth to feel anxious, not merely as in former times for their property in the open country, but for the safety of their own persons and cities. The Epirotes were thus unexpectedly preserved: but so far from trying to retaliate on those who had wronged them, or exp
Polybius, Histories, book 6, The Roman Republic Compared with Others (search)
The Roman Republic Compared with Others Nearly all historians have recorded as constitutions The Theban constitution may be put aside. of eminent excellence those of Lacedaemonia, Crete, Mantinea, and Carthage. Some have also mentioned those of Athens and Thebes. The former I may allow to pass; but I am convinced that little need be said of the Athenian and Theban constitutions: their growth was abnormal, the period of their zenith brief, and the changes they experienced unusually violent. Their glory was a sudden and fortuitous flash, so to speak; and while they still thought themselves prosperous, and likely to remain so, they found themselves involved in circumstances completely the reverse. The Thebans got their reputation for valour among the Greeks, by taking advantage of the senseless policy of the Lacedaemonians, and the hatred of the allies towards them, owing to the valour of one, or at most two, men who were wise enough to appreciate the situation. Since fortune quickly ma
ire his respect, and that of other foreigners, we can get it by beating the enemy. That is the price of admission into the good graces of the European shop. The absent are said to be always wrong, and it is certain that the vanquished are always despised. It does not signify a rap how valiantly men fall, they are doomed to be trampled upon because they are fallen. Said Napoleon the First, "apres tout, qu'est queles Spartidles?--Des vaincus!" Yet the Spartans fought well at Lenotra and Mantineia, and in what may be called the last battle of their rase they stood manfully up against the soldiers of Alexander, and inflicted upon them a greater loss than their brethren had experienced at issue and Arbela when fighting against the whole power of Persia. After Leipzig, Napoleon probably thought that des vaincus were about as good as victors; and after Waterloo he must have assigned them superiority. But his change of opinion did not change that of the world, which given against the
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