me Arcadians call it Olympus, and others Sacred Peak. On it, they say, Zeus was reared. There is a place on Mount Lycaeus called Cretea, on the left of the grove of Apollo surnamed Parrhasian. The Arcadians claim that the Crete, where the Cretan story has it that Zeus was reared, was this place and not the island.
The nymphs, by whom they say that Zeus was reared, they call Theisoa, Neda and Hagno. After Theisoa was named a city in Parrhasia; Theisoa to-day is a village in the district of Megalopolis. From Neda the river Neda takes its name; from Hagno a spring on Mount Lycaeus, which like the Danube flows with an equal volume of water in winter just as in the season of summer.
Should a drought persist for a long time, and the seeds in the earth and the trees wither, then the priest of Lycaean Zeus, after praying towards the water and making the usual sacrifices, lowers an oak branch to the surface of the spring, not letting it sink deep. When the water has been stirred up there rises
Polybius, Histories, book 4, The People of Lepreum Evict the Garrisons (search)
Aetolians and Eleans within it, having nothing ready for
sustaining a siege beyond their bare hands, alarmed at their
situation, held a parley with Philip to secure their lives;
and having obtained leave from him to march out with their
arms, they departed into Elis. Thus the king became master
of Samicum on the spot: and this was followed by deputations
from other towns to him, with entreaties for protection; in
virtue of which he took over Phrixa, Stylangium, Aepium, Bolax, Pyrgos, and Epitalium. and other towns.
Having settled these things, and reduced all Triphylia into
his power in six days, he returned to Lepreum; and having
addressed the necessary warnings to the Lepreates, and put a
garrison into the citadel, he departed with his army towards
Heraea, leaving Ladicus of Acarnania in command of Triphylia.
When he arrived at Heraea, he made a distribution of all the
booty; and taking up again his baggage from Heraea, arrived
about the middle of the winter at Megalopolis.