a Spartan force in 375 B.C. and played a large part in the victory of
Leuctra. At Chaeronea they fought
to the last man and were buried by the highway from Phocis to Thebes with the figure of a lion
over their tomb. and Epaminondas and their compeers were in command.
It was then that Thebes won the battle of Leuctra, then that they invaded the
Spartans' country which, it was thought, could not be ravaged. During that
period they accomplished many fine achievements: founded Messene in the four hundredthMessenia
was first conquered about the year 700 B.C., so
that the figure 400th is a very rough estimate; 300th would be nearer. Cf.
Lyc. 1.62 and note. year after its
fall, gave the Arcadians self-government, and won a universal reputation.