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E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 8 0 Browse Search
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Vitruvius Pollio, The Ten Books on Architecture (ed. Morris Hicky Morgan) 4 0 Browse Search
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Aristotle, Politics, Book 2, section 1271b (search)
r King Polydectes; cf.1316a 34. and went abroad, he subsequently passed most of his time in Crete because of the relationship between the Cretans and the Spartans; for the LyctiansLyctus was an inland city in the east of Crete, not far from Cnossus. were colonists from Sparta, and the settlers that went out to the colony found the system of laws already existing among gers even now use these laws in the same manner, in the belief that MinosLegendary ruler of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa, and after death a judge in the lower world. first instituted this it lies across the whole of the sea, round which almost all the Greeks are settled; for Crete is only a short distance from the Peloponnese in one direction, and from the part of Ak on Sicily he ended his life there near Camicus.The Cretan organization is on the same lines as that of Sparta. In Sparta the land is tilled by the Helots and in Crete by the serfs;
Aristotle, Politics, Book 2, section 1272a (search)
ut ‘men's messes,’ as the Cretans do, which is a proof that they came from Crete. And so also did the system of government; for the Ephors have the same power as the magistrates called Cosmi in Crete, except that the Ephors are five in number and the Cosmi ten; and the Elders at Sparta are equal in number to the Eby law from taking part in the government, as has been said before; but in Crete the system is more communal, for out of all the crops and cattle produced e. That the regulations for the common mess-tables therefore are better in Crete than at Sparta is manifest; but the regulations for the Cosmi are even worenefit conferred on the government by this office at Sparta is lacking in Crete. At Sparta, as the election is made from all the citizens, the common peopg in the highest office desire the maintenance of the constitution, but in Crete they do not elect the Cosmi from all the citizens but from certain clans,
Aristotle, Politics, Book 2, section 1274a (search)
s see Aristot. Ath. Pol. 7. Laws were givenPerhaps 664 B.C. by Zaleucus to the EpizephyrianZephyrium, a promontory in S. Italy. Locrians and by CharondasSee 1252b 14. of Catana to his fellow-citizens and to the other Chalcidic citiesColonies from Chalcis in Euboea. on the coasts of Italy and Sicily. Some persons try to connect Zaleucus and Charondas together: they say that Onomacritus first arose as an able lawgiver, and that he was trained in Crete, being a Locrian and travelling there to practise the art of soothsaying, and Thales became his companion, and Lycurgus and Zaleucus were pupils of Thales, and Charondas of Zaleucus; but these stories give too little attention to the dates. Philolaus of Corinth also arose as lawgiver at Thebes. Philolaus belonged by birth to the Bacchiad family; he became the lover of Diocles the winnerIn 728 B.C. at Olympia, but when Diocles quitted the city because
Aristotle, Politics, Book 7, section 1324b (search)
eclare that the despotic and tyrannical form of constitution alone achieves happiness; and in some states it is also the distinctive aim of the constitution and the laws to enable them to exercise despotic rule over their neighbors. Hence even though with most peoples most of the legal ordinances have been laid down virtually at random, nevertheless if there are places where the laws aim at one definite object, that object is in all cases power, as in Sparta and Crete both the system of education and the mass of the laws are framed in the main with a view to war; and also among all the non-Hellenic nations that are strong enough to expand at the expense of others, military strength has been held in honor, for example, among the Scythians, Persians, Thracians and Celts. Indeed among some peoples there are even certain laws stimulating military valor; for instance at Carthage, we are told, warriors receive the decoration of arm
Aristotle, Politics, Book 7, section 1329b (search)
or one made recently.Perhaps to be read as denying the originality of Plato'sRepublic. In Egypt this arrangement still exists even now, as also in Crete; it is said to have been established in Egypt by the legislation of Sesostris and in Crete by that of Minos. Common meals also seem to be an anCrete by that of Minos. Common meals also seem to be an ancient institution, those in Crete having begun in the reign of Minos, while those in Italy are much older than these. According to the historians one of the settlers there, a certain Italus, became king of Oenotria, and from him they took the name of Italians instead of that of Oenotrians, and the name of ItalyCrete having begun in the reign of Minos, while those in Italy are much older than these. According to the historians one of the settlers there, a certain Italus, became king of Oenotria, and from him they took the name of Italians instead of that of Oenotrians, and the name of Italy was given to all that promontoryi.e. the south-west peninsula or toe of Italy. of Europe lying between the Gulfs of Scylletium and of Lametus,i.e. the Gulfs of Squillace and Eufemia. which are half a day's journey apart. It was this Italus then who according to tradition converted the Oenotrians from a pastora
Aristotle, Rhetoric (ed. J. H. Freese), book 3, chapter 17 (search)
e says here is that Epimenides practised a different kind of divination, relating to the obscure phenomena of the past. The following is an instance. After the followers of Cylon, who tried to make himself tyrant of Athens (c. 632) had been put to death by the Alcmaeonid archon Megacles, in violation of the terms of surrender, a curse rested upon the city and it was devastated by a pestilence. On the advice of the oracle, Epimenides was summoned from Crete, and by certain rites and sacrifices purified the city and put a stop to the pestilence. Further, the law is the subject in forensic speaking; and when one has a starting-point, it is easier to find a demonstrative proof. Deliberative speaking does not allow many opportunities for lingering—for instance, attacks on the adversary, remarks about oneself, or attempts to arouse emotion. In this branch of Rhetoric there is less room for these than in any other, <
Euripides, Cyclops (ed. David Kovacs), line 273 (search)
Cyclops to the Chorus-Leader You lie. For my part, I put more trust in this man than in RhadamanthysLegendary ruler of Crete and judge in the Underworld, famous for his justice. and think him more honest. But I wish to ask a question. Where have you sailed from? What is your country? What city was it that brought you up? Odysseus We are men of Ithaca by birth, and it is from Ilium, after sacking the city, that we have come to your land, Cyclops, blown off-course by sea-storms. Cyclops Are you the ones who went to punish Ilium on the Scamander for the theft of the worthless Helen? Odysseus Yes, we are the ones who endured that terrible toil. Cyclops Disgraceful expedition, to sail for the sake of one woman to the land of the Phrygians! Odysseus It was the doing of a god: blame no mortal for it. But, o noble son of the sea-god, we at once entreat you and give you our frank censure: do not have the hardness to kill benefactors who have come to your house and to make of them a g
Euripides, Helen (ed. E. P. Coleridge), line 758 (search)
Chorus Leader My views about seers agree exactly with this old man's; whoever has the gods as friends would have the best prophecy at home. Helen All right; so far all is well. But how you were saved, my poor husband, from Troy, there is no gain in knowing, yet friends have a desire to learn what their friends have suffered. Menelaos Truly you have asked a great deal all at once. Why should I tell you about our losses in the Aegean, and Nauplios' beacons on Euboia, and my visits to Crete and the cities of Libya, and the mountain-peaks of Perseus? For I would not satisfy you with the tale, and by telling you these evils I would suffer still, as I did when I experienced them; and so my grief would be doubled. Helen Your answer is better than my question. Leave out the rest, and tell me only this: how long were you a weary wanderer over the surface of the sea? Menelaos Besides those ten years in Troy, I went through seven cycles of years on board ship. Helen Alas, poor man, yo
Euripides, Heracles (ed. E. P. Coleridge), line 1294 (search)
lympus and brave the issue of their crimes. And yet what shall you say in your defence, if you, a child of man, take your fate excessively hard, while they, as gods, do not? No, then, leave Thebes in compliance with the law, and come with me to the city of Pallas. There, when I have purified you of your pollution, I will give you homes and the half of all I have. Yes, I will give you all those presents I received from the citizens for saving their fourteen children, when I slew the bull of Crete; for I have plots of land assigned me throughout the country; these shall henceforth be called after you by men, while you live; and at your death, when you have gone to Hades' halls, the whole city of Athens shall exalt your honor with sacrifices and a monument of stone. For it is a noble crown of a good reputation for citizens to win from Hellas, by helping a man of worth. This is the return that I will make you for saving me, for now you are in need of friends. But when the gods honor a
Euripides, Hippolytus (ed. David Kovacs), line 151 (search)
Chorus Or is it your husband, the nobly born king of the Erechtheid Athenians? Does some other woman rule his passion, someone in the palace, making love to him apart from your bed? Or has some sailor from Crete put in at that harbor most hospitable to sailors bearing news to the queen, and is her soul for this reason bound bedfast in grief over her misfortunes?
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