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Pausanias, Description of Greece 86 0 Browse Search
Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 44 0 Browse Search
Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer) 42 0 Browse Search
Plato, Laws 42 0 Browse Search
Aristotle, Politics 40 0 Browse Search
P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses (ed. Brookes More) 36 0 Browse Search
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley) 32 0 Browse Search
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Polybius, Histories 26 0 Browse Search
Homer, The Odyssey (ed. Samuel Butler, Based on public domain edition, revised by Timothy Power and Gregory Nagy.) 24 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Polybius, Histories. You can also browse the collection for Crete (Greece) or search for Crete (Greece) in all documents.

Your search returned 13 results in 7 document sections:

Polybius, Histories, book 4, War In Crete (search)
e same time the Cnossians sent an embassy to War between Rhodes and Crete. the Rhodians, and persuaded them to send them the ships that were and to launch three undecked vessels besides and send them also to Crete. The Rhodians having complied, and the vessels having arrived at CrCrete, the people of Eleutherna suspecting that one of their citizens named Timarchus had been put to death by Polemocles to please the Cnossiawith an irretrievable disaster. At that time the political state of Crete as a whole was this. The Cnossians, in league with the people of Gohabitants from their homes, as an example and terror to the rest of Crete. Accordingly at first the whole of the other Cretan cities were uni, and Lappa, along with the Horii and Arcades,Of Arcadia, a city of Crete (Steph. Byz.) forming one party and separating themselves from connwith the Lacedaemonians in blood, the most ancient of the cities in Crete, and by common consent the mother of the bravest men in the island,
Polybius, Histories, book 4, Polyrrhen and Lappa Join the Alliance (search)
dvantage to the interest of Polyrrhenia and her allies: for in a brief space of time they shut the Eleuthernaeans and Cydonians within their walls, and compelled the people of Aptera to forsake the alliance of the Cnossians and share their fortunes. When these results had been obtained, the Polyrrhenians and their allies joined in sending to the aid of Philip and the Achaeans five hundred Cretans, the Cnossians having sent a thousand to the Aetolians a short time before; both of which contingents took part in the existing war on their respective sides. Nay more, the exiled party of Gortyn seized the harbour of Phaestus,Which had a harbour formed by a projecting headland called Lisses. Steph. Byz., who quotes Homer, Odyss. 3, 293: e)/sti de/ tis *li/ssh(s ai)pei=a/ te ei)s a(/la pe/trh. and also by a sudden and bold attack occupied the port of Gortyn itself; and from these two places as bases of operation they carried on the war with the party in the town. Such was the state of Crete.
Polybius, Histories, book 5, Cleomenes In Alexandria (search)
design, holding out to him hopes of great advantage. And when Cleomenes saw that Sosibius was in a state of great anxiety, and above all afraid of the foreign soldiers and mercenaries, he bade him not be alarmed; and undertook that the foreign soldiers should do him no harm, but should rather be of assistance to him. And on Sosibius expressing surprise rather than conviction at this promise, he said, "Don't you see that there are three thousand foreign soldiers here from the Peloponnese, and a thousand from Crete? I have only to nod to these men, and every man of them will at once do what I want. With these all ready to hand, whom do you fear? Surely not mere Syrians and Carians." Sosibius was much pleased at the remark at the time, and doubly encouraged in his intrigue against Berenice; but ever afterwards, when observing the indifference of the king, he repeated it to himself, and put before his eyes the boldness of Cleomenes, and the goodwill of the foreign contingent towards him.
Polybius, Histories, book 6, The Roman Republic Compared with Others (search)
The Roman Republic Compared with Others Nearly all historians have recorded as constitutions The Theban constitution may be put aside. of eminent excellence those of Lacedaemonia, Crete, Mantinea, and Carthage. Some have also mentioned those of Athens and Thebes. The former I may allow to pass; but I am convinced that little need be said of the Athenian and Theban constitutions: their growth was abnormal, the period of their zenith brief, and the changes they experienced unusually violent. Their glory was a sudden and fortuitous flash, so to speak; and while they still thought themselves prosperous, and likely to remain so, they found themselves involved in circumstances completely the reverse. The Thebans got their reputation for valour among the Greeks, by taking advantage of the senseless policy of the Lacedaemonians, and the hatred of the allies towards them, owing to the valour of one, or at most two, men who were wise enough to appreciate the situation. Since fortune quickly m
Polybius, Histories, book 6, The Cretan Constitution Compared to the Spartan (search)
The Cretan Constitution Compared to the Spartan Passing to the Cretan polity there are two points The Spartan polity unlike that of Crete. which deserve our consideration. The first is how such writers as Ephorus, Xenophon, Callisthenes and PlatoFor what remains of the account of Ephorus see Strabo, 10.4.8-9. The reference to Plato is to the "Laws," especially Book I. See also Aristotle, Pol. 2, 10, who points out the likeness and unlikeness between the Cretan and Lacedaemonian constitutions.—who are the most learned of the ancients—could assert that it was like that of Sparta; and secondly how they came to assert that it was at all admirable. I can agree with neither assertion; and I will explain why I say so. And first as to its dissimilarity with the Spartan constitution. The peculiar merit of the latter is said to be its land laws, by which no one possesses more than another, but all citizens have an equal share in the public land.This equality of land had gradually disappeared b
Polybius, Histories, book 6, Greed Among the Cretans (search)
Greed Among the Cretans Among the Cretans the exact reverse of all these arrangements obtains. The laws allow them to possess as much land as they can get with no limitation whatever. Money is so highly valued among them, that its possession is not only thought to be necessary but in the highest degree creditable. And in fact greed and avarice are so native to the soil in Crete, that they are the only people in the world among whom no stigma attaches to any sort of gain whatever. Again all their offices are annual and on a democratical footing. I have therefore often felt at a loss to account for these writers speaking of the two constitutions, which are radically different, as though they were closely united and allied. But, besides overlooking these important differences, these writers have gone out of their way to comment at length on the legislation of Lycurgus: "He was the only legislator," they say, "who saw the important points. For there being two things on which the safety
Polybius, Histories, book 6, What Makes a Constitution Good (search)
. As, then, when we see good customs and good laws prevailing among certain people, we confidently assume that, in consequence of them, the men and their civil constitution will be good also, so when we see private life full of covetousness, and public policy of injustice, plainly we have reason for asserting their laws, particular customs, and general constitution to be bad. Now, with few exceptions, you could find no habits prevailing in private life more steeped in treachery than those in Crete, and no public policy more inequitable. Holding, then, the Cretan constitution to be neither like the Spartan, nor worthy of choice or imitation, I reject it from the comparison which I have instituted. Nor again would it be fair to introduce the RepublicIdeal polities may be omitted. of Plato, which is also spoken of in high terms by some philosophers. For just as we refuse admission to the athletic contests to those actors or athletes who have not acquired a recognised positionThe meaning