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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16,340 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 3,098 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 2,132 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore) 1,974 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 1,668 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 1,628 0 Browse Search
Hon. J. L. M. Curry , LL.D., William Robertson Garrett , A. M. , Ph.D., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 1.1, Legal Justification of the South in secession, The South as a factor in the territorial expansion of the United States (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1,386 0 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 1,340 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 1,170 0 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 1,092 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. You can also browse the collection for United States (United States) or search for United States (United States) in all documents.

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g and blood in which the government of the United States, driven to desperation by our successful rlicy and purposes of the Government of the United States stood revealed; the recent grant of a halfe nations. The vast provision made by the United States in the material of war, the money appropriecognized the separate existence of the Confederate States by an interdictive embargo, and blockademed to be due, to take up arms against the United States, or to work, or to be employed in or upon ate) States, should molest a vessel of the United States, or the persons or cargo on board, should nsified by its cowardice. Happily for the United States, the threat was not executed, but the failabolishing privateers might apply to the Confederate States. The offer, with the proviso, was honorvements on the theory that the laws of the United States have been for some time past and now are oolute sovereignty of the government of the United States, by the subjugation of states and their pe[28 more...]
rs; Brigadier General D. C. Buell was assigned to its command. At the same time, General Henry W. Halleck superseded General John C. Fremont in command of the United States Department of the West. General W. T. Sherman was removed from Kentucky and sent to report to General Halleck. General A. S. Johnston was now confronted by Gene theirs, or the means of constructing them. We had neither. The efforts which were put forth to resist the operations on the Western rivers, for which the United States made such vast preparations, were therefore necessarily very limited. There was a lack of skilled labor, of shipyards, and of materials for constructing ironcinished, it was destroyed, lest it should fall to the enemy. The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston, by his son. The fleet of gunboats prepared by the United States for the Mississippi and its tributaries consisted of twelve, seven of which were ironclads and able to resist all except the heaviest solid shot. The boats we
s of the enemy's position, and nothing seemed wanting to complete the most brilliant victory of the war but to press forward and make a vigorous assault on the demoralized remnant of his forces. General Gilmer, the chief engineer of the Confederate States Army, in a letter to Colonel William Preston Johnston, dated September 17, 1872, writes as follows: It is my well-considered opinion that if your father had survived the day he would have crushed and captured General Grant's army before by the grandeur of his revealed character, joined in the general lamentation over his loss, and malignity even was silenced by the devoted manner of his death. My estimation of him was based on long and intimate acquaintance; beginning in our youth, it had grown with our growth without check or variation, and, when he first arrived in Richmond, was expressed to some friends yet living, in the wish that I had the power, by resigning, to transfer to him the presidency of the Confederate States.
or their armament. Our boats had fewer guns than those of the enemy, and they were less substantially constructed, but their officers and crews took counsel of their country's need rather than of their own strength. They manfully engaged the enemy, and disabled one of his rams, but after an hour's conflict were compelled to retire. The possession of Memphis being no longer disputed, its occupation by the enemy promptly followed. At an early period of the war the government of the United States organized some naval and military expeditions, with a view to capturing our harbors, occupying an extensive tract of country in their vicinity, and especially obtaining possession of a portion of our cotton crop. The first movement of this kind was by a fleet of naval vessels and transports which appeared off Hatteras Inlet on August 27, 1861. This inlet is a gap in the sandy barrier that lines the coast of North Carolina about eighteen miles southwest of Cape Hatteras. It was the pr
n informed, some of the troops were not ready to move. Heavy cannonading, on the nights of both the 2d and 3d, concealed the fact of the purpose to withdraw, and the evacuation was made so successfully, as appears by the testimony before the United States congressional committee on the conduct of the war, that the enemy was surprised the next morning to find the lines unoccupied. The loss of public property, as was anticipated, was great, the steam-boats expected for its transportation nothed camp mounting a few guns, but absolutely deserted. General Wool reached the city of Norfolk, which had been given up to its peaceful inhabitants the day previous, and hastened to place a military governor there. History of the Civil War in America, Comte de Paris, Vol. II, p. 30. Reposing on these cheaply won laurels, the expedition returned to Fortress Monroe, leaving Brigadier General Viele, with some troops brought from the north side of the river, to hold the place. The navy yar
r destruction, had been sent to this fort, which was then in charge of Commander Farrand, Confederate States Navy. On April 15th the enemy's fleet of five ships of war, among the number their much of success with the troops which were absolutely at his disposal. History of the Civil War in America, Comte de Paris, Vol. II, pp. 32-34. Without feeling under any obligations for kind intentlvania militia, Harrisburg, May 26, 1862. On pressing requisition of the President of the United States in the present emergency, it is ordered that the several major-generals, brigadier-generals,d by an act of Congress, the President takes military possession of all the railroads in the United States from and after this date, and directs that the respective railroad companies, their officersC. Meigs, Quartermaster-General. At the first moment of the alarm, the President of the United States issued the following order: Washington, May 24, 1862. Major-General McDowell. Gene
neral afforded no satisfactory information as to his plans and purposes. We had, under the supervision of General Lee, perfected as far as we could the detached works before the city, but these were rather designed to protect it against a sudden attack than to resist approaches by a great army. They were, also, so near to the city that it might have been effectually bombarded by guns exterior to them. Anxious for the defense of the ancient capital of Virginia, now the capital of the Confederate States, and remembering a remark of General Johnston, that the Spaniards were the only people who now undertook to hold fortified towns, I had written to him that he knew the defense of Richmond must be made at a distance from it. Seeing no preparation to keep the enemy at a distance, and kept in ignorance of any plan for such purpose, I sent for General R. E. Lee, then at Richmond, in general charge of army operations, and told him why and how I was dissatisfied with the condition of affairs
er, and move at once in that direction. There he would receive the support of the enemy's navy. The latter movement had, it appears, been thought of previously, and transports had been sent to the James River. During the night, after the close of the contest last mentioned, the whole of Porter's baggage was sent over to the right bank of the river, and united with the train that set out on the evening of the 27th for the James River. It would almost seem as if the government of the United States anticipated, at this period, the failure of McClellan's expedition. On June 27th President Lincoln issued an order creating the Army of Virginia, to consist of the forces of Fremont, in their Mountain Department; of Banks, in their Shenandoah Department; and of McDowell, at Fredericksburg. The command of this army was assigned to Major General John Pope. This cut off all reenforcements from McDowell to Mc-Clellan. In expectation of Jackson's arrival on the enemy's right, the battle
enced, the cavalry under General Stuart in advance. The knowledge acquired since the event renders it more than probable that, could our infantry, with a fair amount of artillery, during that day and the following night, have been in position on the ridge which overlooked the plain where the retreating enemy was encamped on the bank of the James River, a large part of his army must have dispersed, and the residue would have been captured. It appears, from the testimony taken before the United States Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War, that it was not until July 3d that the heights which overlooked the encampment of the retreating army were occupied, and from the manuscript notes on the war by General J. E. B. Stuart, we learn that he easily gained and took possession of the heights, and with his light howitzer opened fire upon the enemy's camp, producing great commotion. This was described by the veteran soldier, General Casey of the United States Army, thus: The
insurrection against the Government of the United States after the President of the United States ss in court shall be for the benefit of the United States and the informer equally. section 4. Tinsurrection against the Government of the United States, any person claimed to be held to labor orsuch labor, any law of the State or of the United States to the contrary notwithstanding. And whentile service against the Government of the United States contrary to the provisions of this act. position that the ordinary process of the United States courts could not be served upon them. Theted in these words of the President of the United States. Was he ignorant of their existence, or donstrued as to prejudice any claims of the United States or of any particular States. Constitutind afterward occupied by the forces of the United States, shall be deemed captives of war, and shalan objection to this assertion, that the Confederate States were out of the Union and beyond the pro[54 more...]
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