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Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 38 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 24 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 22 0 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 22 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 20 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 18 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 17 1 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 8 0 Browse Search
Sallust, Conspiracy of Catiline (ed. John Selby Watson, Rev. John Selby Watson, M.A.) 8 0 Browse Search
James Russell Lowell, Among my books 4 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Leipzig (Saxony, Germany) or search for Leipzig (Saxony, Germany) in all documents.

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vanes. Clar′i-fy-ing. The process of removing feculent matter from saccharine juices by heating, skimming, and precipitation. See clarifier. Clar-i-net′. (Ital. clarinetto; Fr. clarinette.) A reed instrument used in bands. Its name from clarus (Latin), clear, signifies a certain dominance of tone, and truly it emits an importunate sound. It is played by means of holes and keys, opened and closed by the fingers, after the manner of a flute. It was invented by John Denner in Leipsic, A. D. 1600. The double clarinet of the Arabs is termed a zoomara. Clar′i-on. (Music.) a. A trumpet with a narrow tube, and having an acute and shrill tone. It was introduced by the Moors into Spain, A. D. 800. b. A stop of an organ having metallic reed pipes tuned an octave higher than trumpet; in unison with principal and flute. See stop. Clasp. 1. A catch or fastening for a belt, the covers of a book, etc. One part has generally a plate, which is bent over to form
tened, stamped with the maker's name, and packed. In Europe the skins of the young kid, roughly dried in the open air, are collected by peddlers who, setting out from Italy in the early spring, extend their peregrinations to the northern confines of the continent as the season advances and the young kids attain a sufficient degree of maturity. By the peddlers the skins are sold to traders in the larger towns, whence they find their way to the great marts for such articles, as Naples and Leipsic. The method of treating the skins is essentially the same as that adopted in this country. Some of the French manufacturers tan and dye the skins themselves, so as to insure uniformity in color and quality, while others are content to buy them ready prepared. The dye is applied to the outer surface of the leather only by means of the hands and the assistance of a brush, and does not penetrate beyond the exterior. The best skins are colored black and other dark tints, holes or other
t one hen can enter and sit upon the nest at once. The object is to prevent hens laying eggs in the nests of setting hens, and also to prevent one hen from driving another off the nest. Her-ba′ri-um. A collection of dried plants. Aristotle is considered the founder of the philosophy of botany, 347 B. C. The Historia Plantarum of Theophrastus was written about 320 B. C. Authors on botany were numerous at the close of the fifteenth century. The Botanic Gardens of Padua, Leyden, and Leipsic were established respectively in 1545, 1577, 1580; the Jardin des Plantes, in Paris, in 1624; Oxford, 1632. The system of Linnaeus was made known in 1750; and Jussieu's system, founded on Tournefort's, and called the natural system, in 1758. The latter is now accepted by such authorities as Lindley and London. The Linnaean was founded upon sexual differences, the classes being determined by the number of stamens, the orders by the number of pistils. The natural system of Jussieu is foun
manuscripts were written in capital letters, and without a space between the words. The three most important and valuable of them are the Sinaitic, the Vatican, and the Alexandrian, many of whose various readings are given by Tischendorf in his Leipsic edition of the English New Testament. The Sinaitic manuscript, critically marked Aleph, written on parchment, was discovered by Tischendorf, February 4, 1859, in the convent of St. Catharine, on Mount Sinai, in Arabia, and published by him in fac-simile in 1862, and in the common type in 1865. It contains the entire New Testament, and is deposited in the Imperial Library at St. Petersburg. It was printed in Leipsic for the Emperor of Russia, to be a memorial of the thousandth anniversary of his king- dom. It is in uncial characters, apparently of the fourth century. The Vatican manuscript, marked B, also written about the middle of the fourth century, has been published only since 1857. It is in the Vatican Library at Rome. The
ch may be either solid or hollow, to contain a bursting charge, and is closed at bottom with a circular piece of gun-metal, having a central aperture, into which the stick is screwed, and smaller surrounding apertures for the escape of gases. If the shell-head be employed, it is provided with a fuse, so as to burst at or before the time of striking. These rockets were first employed in the attack on Boulogne, in 1806, and again at Copenhagen, in 1807. They were also used at the battle of Leipsic, 1813, by the British rocket troop, an organization which is still maintained in that service. In Hale's rocket, the stick is dispensed with. As originally made, this rocket, which in external appearance resembles Congreve's, had a central aperture at the rear, through which the propelling gas escaped, surrounded by smaller tangential apertures for imparting rotation. These were employed by the United States army in the Mexican campaign of 1847, having been found to give generally as g
line. Length, 185 feet; beam, 29 feet; length to breadth, 6.38. b, Peruvian, Allan line. Length, 270 feet; beam, 38 feet; length to breadth, 7.11. c, Moravian, Allan line. Length, 290 feet; beam, 39 feet; length to breadth, 7.44. d, Leipzig, N. G. Lloyd's line. Length, 290 feet; beam, 39 feet; length to breadth, 7.44. e, Minnesota, Williams & Guion line. Length, 332 feet; beam, 42 feet; length to breadth, 7.90. f, Rhein, N. G. Lloyd's line. Length, 332 feet; beam, 40 feet; skin or skin the sail up smooth is to turn it well up, and so as to cover the sail neatly. 3. The pelt or hide of an animal, useful as a fur or for making leather. For the latter, see leather; tanning; tawing, etc. The great fur-trade of Leipsic is described by Consul-General Tauchnitz in his report on the Leipsic Easter Fair in 1873. To this fair were brought the produce of Siberia, Russia, Norway, and Sweden, of all Central Europe, of the United States of America, Canada, the Hudson'
ot appear to have had a paper backing. In the early part of the eighteenth century paper-hanging was of such poor quality as only to be used in houses of inferior class, but toward the end of that century the manufacture had attained excellence, and the best mansions were decorated with it. In 1786 the art is declared by Temple to have culminated in point of excellence in design. The mode of making the paper-hanging in continuous lengths was subsequently introduced. Breitkopf, of Leipsic, Germany, introduced the imitations of marble, porphyry, and other masonry. The addition of a metallic dust to give brilliancy to the design on the paper seems to have originated some two centuries since. Hautsch, of Nuremberg, invented the mode of preparing the metallic dust, which was soon adopted by the wall-paper manufacturers. (See metallic dust.) Eccard is also credited with being the first to make tinsel-paper with the metallic dust. Black and white mica (Glimmer) were also used i