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Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 46 2 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 11.1, Texas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 39 3 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 31 3 Browse Search
Fannie A. Beers, Memories: a record of personal exeperience and adventure during four years of war. 16 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 11. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 12 0 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 12 4 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 11 11 Browse Search
Allan Pinkerton, The spy in the rebellion; being a true history of the spy system of the United States Army during the late rebellion, revealing many secrets of the war hitherto not made public, compiled from official reports prepared for President Lincoln , General McClellan and the Provost-Marshal-General . 10 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 8 0 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 11.1, Texas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Austin (Texas, United States) or search for Austin (Texas, United States) in all documents.

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s in service and in battles in other Southern States. In none of these, however, are stated the original organization of the commands, or the changes of the field officers by promotion or otherwise. These had to be obtained, when practicable, from other sources. Much information on these and other subjects was derived from the History of Walker's Division, by J. P. Blessington, from officers and soldiers still living, and from other reliable persons. Information in regard to the government and civil officers of the State has been obtained from the executive offices of the capitol at Austin. The effort, at this late day, to make a consecutive and consistent account of the part taken by Texas and her people in the war between the States has been an arduous and difficult task. While it must fail to do full justice to the subject, it is hoped that the perusal of it will exhibit an earnest effort to make the best performance practicable under the circumstances by the author.
the African slave trade. It was advocated in a popular periodical in New Orleans, De Bow's Review, and the Southern Commercial convention at Vicksburg passed resolutions in favor of it. At Galveston, in December, 1858, there were eighty camels said to have been shipped there to disguise the introduction of 200 African negroes, who had been landed somewhere on the Gulf coast. About that time articles appeared in a few newspapers favoring the slave trade, among the rest the State Gazette at Austin, then regarded as the organ of the Democratic State convention in Texas. These articles were generally quotations and not editorials; still they gave the paper the reputation of favoring the slave trade. In the spring and summer of 1859, a few very prominent men in Texas made speeches in favor of the trade, and they were generally understood to be strongly Southern and particular adherents of the governor and his policy; but the movement was strongly opposed by other gentlemen, both in spe
ty. While the news was being received of the strong probability that Abraham Lincoln was elected, the people in all parts of the State looked to the capitol at Austin for the influence to be exerted, either for the advancement or repression of public action in the emergency then existing. Meetings were held at numerous places,for a convention as citizens of the State, and at once fixed the date for the election of delegates on the 8th of January, 1861, and for the convention to meet at Austin on the 28th; and provided for the delegates to be double the number of the representatives in the legislature, omitting the senators, by which there would be 180 ection was held and no such consultation took place; but on the 8th of January, the election was held throughout the State for delegates, who met in convention at Austin on January 28th and proceeded to organize by the election of Oran M. Roberts, president, and R Brownrig, secretary. On the meeting of the legislature, January
e it necessary that we should join them in a common effort for the protection of our rights and liberties. A sufficient number of the committee of public safety to transact business remained in session, nine of whom, including the chairman, left Austin and went to Galveston, partly to prevent their presence in secret meetings from being made a ground of irritating excitement by opponents of the convention, and partly to superintend the embarkation of Col. John S. Ford's troops, to go by water tagents to take charge of the public property after the evacuation of the Federal troops, and there being no longer any use for the volunteer forces of Col. Ben McCulloch, they were disbanded and returned to their homes. Ben McCulloch returned to Austin, and after getting an order for 1,000 guns for the State resigned his office. Afterward, on the 9th of March, the convention passed a resolution unanimously, That the thanks of the people of Texas are due and are hereby tendered to Maj.-Gen. D
issue my proclamation declaring that a large majority of votes returned and counted of said election are in favor of Secession of the State of Texas from the United States of America. Given under my hand and the seal of the State of Texas, at Austin this 4th day of March, 1861. By the Governor, Sam Houston. E. W. Cave, Secretary of State. This was a declaration of a fact, omitting the consequences of it. On the 5th of March, 1861, the convention passed an ordinance ratifying the provers in the Confederate army. General Houston exhibited his care for the Texas people shortly after he left the office of governor by the following letter to Colonel Waite, who had just then assumed command of the Federal troops in Texas: Austin, March 29, 1861. Dear Sir: I have received intelligence that you have, or will soon receive orders to concentrate United States troops under your command at Indianola, in this State, to sustain me in the exercise of my official functions. All
onio, and thence to a point near the coast above Indianola at Green lake, where they awaited transportation to leave Texas. Col. Ben McCulloch, when he came to Texas, during the session of the convention, brought with him a commission to raise a regiment, and was accompanied by a young man vested with authority to muster in troops for the Confederate service. This commission he turned over to his brother, Henry E. McCulloch, who, after performing his duty at the frontier posts, returned to Austin and raised companies for his Confederate regiment. He was stationed with them at San Antonio and did service there in securing the surrender of Federal troops, and was the highest officer in command until Colonel Van Dorn arrived in Texas and took command on the 26th of March, 1861. The style of the regiment was First McCulloch's Regiment Mounted Rifles, and its field officers were Col. H. E. McCulloch, Lieut.-Col. Thos. C. Frost, and Maj. Ed Burleson. Governor Houston, while governor o
ttlebaum. The first brigadier-general in command was Louis T. Wigfall, who after his election to the Senate was succeeded by John B. Hood. The brigade has ever since been called Hood's brigade, although it was commanded after his promotion by Brig.-Gens. Jerome B. Robertson, John Gregg and F. S. Bass. The latter, though promoted while in command as colonel, never received his commission until it was sent to him by the war department in June, 1897, before his death at the Soldier's Home in Austin, in July, 1897. This brigade fought with great distinction in many of the great battles of the war, and its number was diminished by death and wounded until there were not more soldiers in the ranks than would have filled a good regiment. Still, as a tribute to their devoted bravery, they were allowed to retain to the end their brigade organization. One of the highest encomiums that can be bestowed upon the soldiers of that brigade is mention of the fact that, of the officers who commande
ew localities; for the war spirit at that time was at fever heat, and controlled the action of the mass of the people in Texas. Col. John S. Ford discharged the State troops that had gone in the expedition on the lower Rio Grande in 1861, when their term of service expired, and was relieved by Colonel Luckett and his command, who remained for some time at Fort Brown. Colonel Ford was ordered to San Antonio by General Bee in May, 1862, and by his suggestion was placed on conscript duty at Austin, and there organized his command for the discharge of that duty, with Capt. Wm. E. Walsh, Henry Trask, lieutenant and adjutant; Wm. Stowe, quartermaster and commissary; and Dr. Rogers, surgeon. A camp of conscription was located near Tyler with Lieut. Willie Thomas in command, aided by Lieutenant Broker. Similar camps were established in different parts of the State from time to time. Their purpose was to hunt out persons liable to military duty that did not volunteer, and send them into
furnished from the salt lakes. Iron works were established for making plows and cooking vessels near Jefferson, Rusk and Austin, and perhaps at other places. At jug factories in Rusk and Henderson counties were made rude earthenware dishes, plates,nd purchased all the necessary machinery and materials for making 5,000 guns, under a contract with the military board at Austin, at $30 each. After having had much difficulty in securing proper workmen, they succeeded in making 1,000 rifles by Septhis hands for that purpose from 2,000 to 4,000 bales of cotton. The board established a gun factory and a cap factory at Austin. Governor Lubbock, in his message of November 2, 1863, stated that the foundry at Austin has not been a success in makinAustin has not been a success in making cannon, but has done great good in repairing threshing and reaping machines and other agricultural implements and mill machinery. This establishment has supplied the wants of the percussion cap factory, which is now in successful operation. On th
arge! it, too, would be rapidly passed, and then simultaneously the Texas rebel yell burst out from the whole line, as all together they dashed at double quick toward the enemy. The effect of that yell was marvelous. It was in effect the earnest voice of each man to every other in the line for united action as one man. Such yells exploded on the air in one combined sound have been heard distinctly three miles off across a prairie, above the din of musketry and artillery. In the city of Austin, sixty yards in front of the magnificent granite capitol, there has been erected a monumental column thirty feet high, on which stands erect the stalwart figure of a man in bronze, draped in homemade garb, holding up in his hands a long rifle gun, representing the Texas citizen soldier. There he will stand to tell in expressive pantomime throughout the ages to come the high appreciation by the Texas people of the Texas citizen soldier, as the honored defender of their homes and their countr
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