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in Confederate prisons, 12. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Fredericksburg, Va. (1862) 1 Charlestown, W. Va. 5 Fredericksburg, Va. (1863) 3 Opequon, Va. 22 Gettysburg, Pa. 6 Siege of Petersburg, Va. 8 Wilderness, Va. 54 Fall of Petersburg, Va. 8 Spotsylvania, Va. 32 Sailor's Creek, Va. 14 Cold Harbor, Va. 12 Place Unknown 2 Fort Stevens, D. C. 2     Present, also, at Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; Hatcher's Run; Appomattox. notes.--Composed of Berkshire County men, and left the State Sept. 7, 1862. Arriving in Maryland it was assigned to Devens's (2d) Brigade of Couch's Division. This division was soon after attached to the Sixth Corps as the Third Division, General Newton in command. The Thirty-seventh participated in several battles, displaying praiseworthy steadiness, but sustaining slight loss, until Grant's campaign in 1864, when it took part in some bloody fighting. It crossed the Rapidan May 5, 1864, with 609 officers and men prese<
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fellows, John 1733-1808 (search)
Fellows, John 1733-1808 Military officer; born in Pomfret, Conn., in 1733; was in the French and Indian War (q. v.); was a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in 1775; led a company of minute-men to Cambridge after the skirmish at Lexington, and was made brigadiergeneral of militia in June, 1776. He commanded a brigade in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, and Bemis's Heights, and was very active in the capture of Burgoyne, October, 1777. After the war he was high sheriff of Berkshire county. He died in Sheffield, Mass., Aug. 1, 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
oard the Austrian brig Huzzar, approved......Aug. 4, 1854 First session adjourns......Aug. 7, 1854 Ostend manifesto issued......Oct. 18, 1854 Andrew H. Reeder, of Pennsylvania, appointed governor of Kansas by President Pierce......1854 Second session assembles......Dec. 4, 1854 Jesse D. Bright, of Indiana, elected president pro tem. of the Senate......Dec. 5, 1854 Congress assents to the cession by Massachusetts to New York of Boston corner, the southwesterly corner of Berkshire county, approved......Jan. 3, 1855 Annexation of the Sandwich Islands discussed in Congress (strongly opposed by England)......January, 1855 Panama Railroad completed; first train from ocean to ocean......Jan. 28, 1855 Rights of citizenship secured to children of citizens born in foreign territory by an act approved......Feb. 10, 1855 Grade of lieutenant-general by brevet revived by a resolution approved......Feb. 15, 1855 [This rank was immediately conferred upon Maj.-Gen. Winf
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
shipped South. He was subsequently liberated by purchase, and settled in Canada.] A convention in Worcester declares in favor of a new political organization, to be called the Republican party......July 20, 1854 State convention of the Republican party, held at Worcester, nominates Henry Wilson for governor and Increase Sumner for lieutenant-governor......Sept. 7, 1854 Congress consents to the cession by Massachusetts to New York of Boston Corner, the southwesterly corner of Berkshire county......Jan. 3, 1855 Sumner's speech in the United States Senate on the admission of Kansas, known as the Crime against Kansas ......May 20, 1856 Senator Sumner assaulted and beaten down by Preston S. Brooks, of South Carolina, in the Senate chamber......May 22, 1856 Adjutant-general's report shows the State to have 147,682 men enrolled in the militia, and 5,771 are in active service......1858 Pemberton mills, at Lawrence, fall by reason of defect in building, and afterwards ta
d men, unused to public speech, were fired with eloquence. A general camp of rendezvous was established in the city of Worcester, and named Camp Wool, in honor of the veteran, Major-General Wool. To this camp all recruits from the counties of Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, and Worcester, were sent. The old camp at Lynnfield was continued, and designated Camp Stanton, which served as the general rendezvous of recruits from the counties of Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Middlesexier-General Andrews at New York, who had been left in command by General Banks, to take charge of the transportation for the remaining Massachusetts regiments destined for the Department of the Gulf. The Forty-ninth Regiment was raised in Berkshire County, and organized at Camp Briggs, at Pittsfield. Captain William F. Bartlett, a young and gallant officer, who had lost a leg at the battle of Fair Oaks, Va., was elected colonel. It received marching orders on the twenty-first day of Novembe
re had authorized. Of this battalion, DeWitt C. Thompson, formerly of Major-General Halleck's staff, was appointed major. No better officers or men than these volunteers from California served in the Union army. Many of them were killed in battle, and never returned again to the shores of the Pacific; among whom was the first captain, J. Sewall Reed, who was killed in action Feb. 22, 1864. The Legislature for 1863 met at the State House on Wednesday, Jan. 7. Jonathan E. Field, of Berkshire County, was elected President of the Senate, having received all the votes but four, which were cast for Peter Harvey, of Suffolk. On taking the chair, Mr. Field made a short address, the only part of which relating to national affairs was the following reference to the Proclamation of Freedom issued by the President, which went into effect on the first of January. Mr. Field said,— The year was inaugurated by an event claimed by its friends to be second in importance only to that whic
the rest of the forces, was nearly surrounded. By making a circuit of three miles through cornfields, it succeeded in joining the rest of Colonel Dudley's command, with a loss of twenty-two killed, wounded, and missing. Except participating in several short expeditions, the regiment had no further active service until its return home. It reached Pittsfield, Mass., Aug. 21, having returned via the Mississippi River, where it was publicly received with much enthusiasm by the citizens of Berkshire County. By special permission of the Governor of the Commonwealth, the colors of the regiment are retained in the county in the keeping of the clerk of the courts. The record of the regiment is an honorable one, and worthy of the revolutionary fame of Berkshire men. The Fiftieth Regiment was in the Department of the Gulf. After various attempts to reach its destination upon unseaworthy transports, it succeeded in arriving at New Orleans in the Jenny Lind and Montebello, Jan. 27, 1863
John Jay Chapman, William Lloyd Garrison, Chapter 4: pictures of the struggle (search)
uld be our course of conduct. He distinctly foretold the obloquy, the despiteful treatment, the bitter persecution, perhaps even the cruel deaths we were going to encounter in the prosecution of the undertaking to which we had bound ourselves. The age played its part quite handsomely in apportioning persecution to the new preachers of the Gospel. The case of Amos Dresser may be cited as a sample from Oliver Johnson: Amos Dresser, a young theological student (a native of Berkshire County, Mass.), went to Nashville, Tenn., in the summer of 1835, to sell the Cottage Bible. His crime was that he was a member of an antislavery society, and that he had some antislavery tracts in his trunk. For this he was fogged in the public square of the city, under the direction of a Vigilance Committee, composed of the most distinguished citizens, some of them prominent members of churches. He received twenty lashes on the bare back from a cowskin. On the previous Sunday he had received
e the wife of one of the most distinguished young officers in the service, General Bartlett. General Bartlett, at twenty-two, and fresh from the classic precincts of Harvard, entered the service as a private. He rose rapidly through the genius and force of his commanding character. He lost a leg, we believe at the siege of Yorktown, left the service, until partially recovered, when he again re-entered it as the Colonel of the Forty-ninth Massachusetts Regiment, which was raised in Berkshire County. For months he rode at the head of his regiment with his crutch attached to the back of his saddle. It was after his return from the South-west, (where the gallant Forty-ninth distinguished itself at Port Hudson, Plain's Stone, and other hard-won fields), with a maimed arm, that he was rewarded with the hand of one of Berkshire's fairest daughters, a member of this patriotic family. Several other young men, members of the same family, have also greatly distinguished themselves in the
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 1: introductory and explanatory. (search)
ls upon a community engaged in it. In more than nine-tenths of the towns no military organizations had existed for at least thirty years; and, at the time of the first call for troops, the whole available military force of the Commonwealth was less than six thousand men, and those were chiefly in the large cities and towns on the seaboard counties. The volunteer, organized militia, in the great central county of Worcester, and the four western counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire, did not exceed one thousand men; and in the counties of Barnstable, Nantucket, and Dukes, there was not a solitary company or a military organization of any description. At the commencement of the war, no one, however wise, was farseeing enough to foretell with any degree of accuracy its probable duration, much less its extent and magnitude. A general impression prevailed that it would not extend beyond the year in which it commenced. The utmost limit assigned to it by Secretary Sew
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