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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cape Ann (search)
Cape Ann Original name of the present city of Gloucester, Mass., noted for more than 250 years for its extensive fishery interests. It was chosen as a place of settlement for a fishing colony by Rev. John White (a long time rector of Trinity Church, Dorchester, England) and several other influential persons. Through the exertions of Mr. White, a joint-stock association was formed, called the Dorchester adventurers, with a capital of about $14,000. Cape Anne was purchased, and fourteen persons, with live-stock, were sent out in 1623, who built a house and made preparations for curing fish. Affairs were not prosperous there. Roger Conant was chosen governor in 1625, but the Adventurers became discouraged and concluded on dissolving the colony. Through the encouragement of Mr. White, some of the colonists remained, but, not liking their seat, they went to Naumkeag, now Salem, where a permanent colony was settled. Population in 1890, 24,651; in 1900, 26,121.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), U. S. S. Constitution, or old Ironsides, (search)
Stewart. She left Boston Harbor, for a cruise, on Dec. 30, 1813, and for seventeen days did not see a sail. At the beginning of February, 1814, she was on the coast of Surinam, and, on the 14th, captured the British war-schooner Picton, sixteen guns, together with a letter-of-marque which was under her convoy. On her way homeward she chased the British frigate La Pique, thirty-six guns, off Porto Rico, but she escaped under cover of the night. Early on Sunday morning, April 3, when off Cape Ann, she fell in with two heavy British frigates (the Junon and La Nymphe); and she was compelled to seek safety in the harbor of Marblehead. She was in great peril there from her pursuers. These were kept at bay by a quickly gathered force of militia, infantry, and artillery, and she was soon afterwards safely anchored in Salem Harbor. Thence she went to Boston, Gold box presented to Bainbridge by the City of Albany. where she remained until the close of the year. At the end of Decem
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Salem, Ma. (search)
Salem, Ma. A city and the county seat of Essex county, Mass.; founded in 1626; incorporated as a city in 1836; noted for its historical associations, and its educational and scientific interests; population in 1900, 35,956. After the abandonment of Cape Ann there was a revival of zeal for colonization at Naumkeag (Salem), and John Endicott was chosen, by a new company of adventurers, to lead emigrants thither and be chief manager of the colony. A grant of land, its ocean line extending from 3 miles north of the Merrimac River to 3 miles south of the Charles River, and westward to the Pacific Ocean, was obtained from the council of New England, March 19, 1628, and in June John Endicott, one of the six patentees, sailed for Naumkeag, with a small party, as governor of the new settlement. Those who were there—the remains of Conant's settlers—were disposed to question the claims of the new-comers. An amicable settlement was made, and in commemoration of this adjustment Endicott
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
1624 A few settlers remain at Wessagusset; some families come from Weymouth, England, and the name is changed to Weymouth......1624 Settlement commenced at Cape Ann with the intention of connecting the settlement with the fishing interests......1624 William Bradford again elected governor of Plymouth colony......1624 J..1625 Thomas Morton on the departure of Wollaston takes charge, and changes the name to Merry Mount......1626 Robert Conant removes from the settlement at Cape Ann to Naumkeag (now Salem )......1626 Plymouth colony establish an outpost on Buzzard's Bay; friendly commerce begins with the Dutch at New Amsterdam......1627 , and the remainder return, having accomplished nothing.] Boundary between Massachusetts and: Connecticut located......1713 Schooners invented and built at Cape Ann......1714 Elizabeth Goose marries Thomas Fleet, of Boston......1715 [Her mother is said to have been the veritable Mother Goose of Mother Goose Melodies fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vinland (search)
ith the Northmen, and the slight grounds on which, at the present time, enthusiasts like Professor Horsford have attempted to determine details so exactly as to claim that Leif Erikson settled on the banks of Charles River. On the whole, concludes Mr. Fiske, we may say with some confidence that the place described by our chroniclers as Vinland was situated somewhere between Point Judith and Cape Breton; possibly we may narrow our limits, and say that it was somewhere between Cape Cod and Cape Ann. But the latter conclusion is much less secure than the former. In such a case as this, the more we narrow our limits, the greater our liability to error. It should be said that many scholarly investigators hold that all the conditions of the descriptions of Vinland in the sagas are met by the shores of Labrador and Newfoundland, although the weight of opinion is in favor of the New England coast. The accounts themselves make any exacter determination impossible; and no genuine Norse
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
ompelled, by law, to go beyond the bounds of their respective States. The navy was very weak, in comparison with that of the enemy, the acknowledged mistress of the seas. It consisted of only twenty vessels, exclusive of 170 gunboats,. and actually carrying an aggregate of little more than 500 guns. The following is a list of forts in existence when war was declared in 1812, and their location: Fort Sumner, Portland, Me.; Fort William and Mary, Portsmouth, N. H.; Fort Lily, Gloucester, Cape Ann; Fort Pickering, Salem, Mass.; Fort Seawall, Marblehead, Mass.; Fort Independence, Boston Harbor; Fort Wolcott, near Newport, R. I.; Fort Adams, Newport. Harbor; Fort Hamilton, near Newport; North Battery, a mile northwest of Fort Wolcott; Dumplings Fort, entrance to Narraganset Bay, R. I.; Tonomy Hill, a mile east of North Battery, R. I.; Fort Trumbull, New London, Conn.; Fort Jay, Governor's Island, New York Harbor; works on Ellis and Bedloe's islands, New York Harbor; Fort Mifflin, Dela