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capital, and especially the plan of the city, was simply the result of nepotism on the part of the President, who desired to give great value by the Map of Chesapeake Bay and interior. From United States topographical map. location to the lands of his relatives, the Custises and Carrolls. Randolph proceeded further and said of little depth of water of the Potomac River, its ease or difficulty of access, had nothing to do with the location of the capital. The port of Annapolis in Chesapeake Bay was the port and harbor of Washington, as Havre was of Paris, and it was situated about the same distance from the capital as Havre was from Paris. That whil most certain and easy manner, especially for the conveyance of troops, as the great bays Delaware and Chesapeake were in precise and easy connection with it. Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads would protect the fleets of the world, and it was not thought desirable among military men, in looking at the defence of a capital, to have
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 14: in command of the Army of the James. (search)
, the enemy held the intervening territory, and the only communication between these places was by water by travelling a distance of from 120 to 170 miles. This opinion was reported to the War Department, but no action was taken, and I did not feel at liberty to order the evacuation of either place. November 16, an expedition under Colonel Quinn, with 450 men of the One Hundred and Forty-Eighth New York Volunteers, captured a rebel marine brigade organized to prey upon the commerce of Chesapeake Bay, and a dangerous nest of pirates was broken up. November 27, Colonel Draper, with the Sixth U. S. Colored Troops, made a successful raid into the counties lying on the sounds in Virginia and North Carolina, capturing and dispersing organized guerillas. December 4, Brigadier-General Wilde, at the head of two regiments of colored troops, overran all the counties as far as Chowan River, releasing some two thousand slaves and inflicting much damage upon the enemy. December 13, Briga
r troops had been withdrawn, and knowing that the expedition had been contemplated would probably guess its destination. The admiral said he was hurrying up the putting of the powder on board as much as he could. We then discussed the weather, which looked unfavorable, and I telegraphed General Grant that the army was ready, and was waiting for the navy. See Appendix No. 115. On the next Monday evening the fleet not having yet sailed, I ordered nearly all the transports to move up Chesapeake Bay to the Potomac River and Matthias Point, and then if they could, to return in the night-time and anchor off Cape Henry. They were started at 3 o'clock on the morning of Tuesday the 13th. We knew the enemy continually kept scouts in Northumberland County, Va., at the mouth of the Potomac, to report every transport that passed up and down the bay, in fact, everything that occurred there. We had frequently seen their reports in the Richmond papers. I ordered the fleet to go up the bay t
ard to bonds, 936; reply, 936; three year seven-thirty treasury notes, 937; report on finance, 948; in the Farragut prize case, 1010-1012. Chattanooga, battle of, reference to, 715. Chemistry, Butler's study of, at Waterville, 58-59. Chesapeake Bay, expedition into, 617; transport fleet in, 785. Chicago, Schaffer in, 895; the currency in, 943. Chickahominy River, Colonel West drives enemy from, 645. child, Linus, interview with regarding ten-hour ticket in Lowell, 103. Chittn, 785. Nottingham Square, Butler goes to school at, 44-46. O Odell investigates causes of Butler's removal, 833; Butler's answer to, 833. Oliver, Gen. H. K., 172. One Hundred and Forty-Eighth New York Volunteers' expedition into Chesapeake Bay, 617. Orr, South Carolina secession commissioner, 156. Ord, Major-General, Butler's order to, regarding movement to surprise Confederate forces around Richmond, 722-730; starts on expedition, 730; captures Fort Harrison, 733-734; wounde