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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes and Queries. (search)
e, Pa.: Editor Southern Historical Society Papers: Reverend and Dear Sir,--While the burning of the City of Columbia, S. C., by General W. T. Sherman of the U. S. Army is still fresh in the memory of your readers, is there not some one, witnter of the public buildings and private houses at Lexington, Va., and elsewhere during his infamous raid to Lynchburg. Columbia was burned from pure revenge. The heart-rending accounts of the destruction of Chambersburg are only exceeded by the terrible sufferings of the impoverished and homeless people of Columbia. Chambersburg was the only town destroyed by the Confederates, and that was done for a specific purpose. The record on the other side is in fearful contrast. In 1862 the followas destroyed. It is stated, on good authority, that during the march through South Carolina, in which Sherman burned Columbia, the following towns in South Carolina were burned in whole or in part by his troops, without there being any cotton in
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.15 (search)
himself were the responsible parties.] Columbia, S. C., was burnt on the night of February 17th,personal opportunities after the retreat from Columbia to study General Sherman's style. I must conws that we were under marching orders for Columbia, S. C., then threatened by Sherman. Any change o take command of the cavalry rendezvoused at Columbia. He had at about this time been appointed a Besides our division, there was in front of Columbia but a very slender force of cavalry, consistit from Columbia. The importance of holding Columbia did not arise from its strategical value, fortantly to the inevitable. The retreat from Columbia was decided on, and to our brigade was assignce which I found awaiting me on my arrival at Columbia. This amount was exchanged for me into Confe officers and men were leaving behind them in Columbia, near and dear relatives of the tender sex. Ahrough the deserted streets of once beautiful Columbia. There was no light, except that of the moon[8 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of the crater, July 30, 1864. (search)
The battle of the crater, July 30, 1864. Letter from Colonel McMaster. Columbia, S. C., February 25th, 1882. Mr. Editor,--I have observed reports of the above-named battle published in your Journal very imperfect and erroneous. I commanded Elliott's brigade that day, the line on which was the scene of the battle, and am presumed to know something about it. In justice to the brigade, I have thought of giving you a sketch of the services of the brigade on that occasion, but have beeng 23 commanders of regiments and two commanders of brigades. These desperate trenches became the abode of the Seventeenth for the rest of the war. Letter from Major J. C. Coit. Cheraw, S. C., August 2, 1879. Colonel F. W. McMaster, Columbia, S. C.: Dear Colonel,--Yours of the 29th ult. received. In giving you an account of the part taken by the artillery under my command, and my observations of the conduct of the other troops engaged at the battle of the crater in front of Petersb
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Stephen Elliott, Lieutenant James A. Hamilton, and Elliott's torpedoes. (search)
ted down to the fleet. After one or two attempts made, the Ironsides was rafted around with fenders which kept off the torpedoes. I am not sure that she had not been shocked by one torpedo. A few days later, however, and Lieutenant Hamilton while reconnoitering after night in a small boat was thrown into the sea and remained there for about an half hour. This brought on a congestion, and he was ordered away to recruit. He sank rapidly, and while trying to walk down a flight of steps in Columbia, he fell, burst a blood vessel and died. Just before dying he beckoned to his brother: What says the doctor? The sad reply was given, No hope, dear Jim. I am too young to die; however, if it is God's will, Amen I Turning to his servant he said, Israel, square me on the pillow. This done, he dressed his shoulders as if in ranks, Good-bye brother; and the man of iron nerve took his long furlough. He died at thirty-four. While lying in uniform awaiting transportation, a brother officer o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Frank H. Harleston — a hero of Fort Sumter. (search)
, for no troops ever fought better than you did that day. It is impossible to write of Captain Harleston without dwelling somewhat at length upon the merits of his regiment, for he had helped very materially to make it what it was, by his zeal, active energy and example. On the 21st November Captain Harleston's last term of duty at Fort Sumter expired, and his company was relieved by another. Having obtained a much desired furlough, he intended as soon as he was released, to go up to Columbia and visit his family, who were joyfully awaiting his arrival, after the great dangers and hardships of the past months. He had written to his mother, I will be with you to-night, but Colonel Elliott, who at the time was the commander of the fort, asked him to remain a few days longer, until the dark nights were past, he depended so much upon Captain Harleston's vigilance and ability. Of course he readily and cheerfully acceeded to this complimentary request, as he always did to the call o
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sherman's march to the sea, as seen by a Northern soldier, (search)
mall garrisons and retaking many of the towns which Sherman had wrested from Johnson. In his movements north Sherman had followed him with at least half his army, and although almost every hour of every day witnessed a hot skirmish there was nothing like a general battle. Hood could damage and delay Sherman, but he could not cripple him and he was not strong enough to offer him general battle. On the 21st Hood began his movement towards Nashville, but it was a full month before he was at Columbia, on the Duck river. In the interim Sherman had headed Schofield's army for Nashville, left a strong garrison at Atlanta, and filed out of the city on his march to the sea. Had one been able to climb to such a height at Atlanta as to enable him to see for forty miles around the day Sherman marched out, he would have been appalled at the destruction. Hundreds of houses had been burned, every rod of fence destroyed, nearly every fruit tree cut down and the face of the country so changed t
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General J. A. Early's report of the Gettysburg campaign. (search)
, and then proceed to York, cut the Northern Central railroad running from Baltimore to Harrisburg, destroy the bridge across the Susquehanna at Wrightsville and Columbia, on the branch railroad from York towards Philadelphia, if I could, and rejoin him at Carlisle by the way of Dillstown. It will be seen that General Lee says in his report, published in the August number of the Southern Magazine, that orders were given to me to seize and hold the bridge from Wrightsville to Columbia. The orders received by me were as stated in my report, which was written very shortly after the close of the campaign. This discrepancy may have arisen from a misappreheuehanna, which I subsequently ascertained arose from the burning of the bridge in question. On arriving at Wrightsville, on the bank of the Susquehanna opposite Columbia, I learned from General Gordon that on approaching Wrightsville in front of the bridge he found a command of militia, some 1,200 strong, entrenched, and after en
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Editorial paragraphs. (search)
s to Augusta, Athens, Rome, and Greenville, S C., were made very pleasant by our kind friends, and that the whole trip was a decided success, financially, and in every other respect. Acknowledgments of all of the courtesies received would fill pages, but, reserving others for future mention, we must here thank Supt. J. R. Kenly, of the Richmond and Petersburg railroad; Supt. R. M. Sully, of the Petersburg railroad; President R. R. Bridges, of the Weldon and Wilmington, and Wilmington and Columbia railroads; John B. Peck, General Manager of the S. C. R. R.; Colonel J. W Green, General Manager of the Georgia railroad; General E. P. Alexander, President of the Central & S. W. Ga. R. R.; Gov. Jos. E. Brown, President of the Atlantic and Western railroad; Dr. Hillyer, President of the Kingston and Rome railroad; Colonel W. J. Houston, General Ticket Agent Piedmont Air-Line; and Colonel T. M. R. Talcott, General Manager Richmond and Danville railroad, for courtesies which facilitated our