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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 1,756 1,640 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 979 67 Browse Search
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them. 963 5 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 742 0 Browse Search
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler 694 24 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 457 395 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume I. 449 3 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 2. (ed. Frank Moore) 427 7 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 420 416 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2. 410 4 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 5: Forts and Artillery. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller). You can also browse the collection for Washington (United States) or search for Washington (United States) in all documents.

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ground. The regular troops brought into Washington for its defense at the outbreak of the war ito assure the inhabitants that he could hold Washington against several times the number that the Coriffin, who led the first light battery into Washington Major-General Charles Griffin stands in te man who led the first light artillery into Washington, the famous Battery D of the Fifth United Ste of his corps. McClellan was called to Washington and placed in command, and immediately, by hne hundred and one pieces was sent down from Washington, and field-batteries of 12-pounders were alsMcClellan, the main Federal army in front of Washington became that of General Pope, whose artilleryof the Second United States Artillery was in Washington in January, 1861, and took part in the expedmarched with him to the sea, and returned to Washington with the Army of Georgia in time for the Grass Save for the drills in the forts about Washington, the big heavy artillery regiments with a co[6 more...]
t Mississippi regiment. In the fight two were killed and Confederate artillery officers: problems of Lee's artillery. After General Alexander became acting chief of artillery, Huger succeeded to the command of his battalion. The fine faces of these officers recall the trying times through which they passed. For the last two years especially, the Confederate field-artillery fought against the odds of lack of horses. Behind them stood no such supply depot as Giesboro outside of Washington, which furnished the Federal armies thousands of fresh horses, and cared for sick ones. A Confederate artillery piece seldom boasted more than four horses after 1862. When some of these were killed, the gun was handled by the horse or horses left and the men of the battery. However, Huger's battalion went through the campaigns of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, East Tennessee, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House — fought with the Army of Northern Virginia through the siege of Petersb
Stevens, farther east; Fort Totten, east of Fort Stevens; Fort Lincoln, still farther south; and finnt during the war and used in the defense of Washington and in the great sieges. and create uncertae receiving reservoir which supplied most of Washington and Georgetown with water was about three an needed by thousands when Early swept up to Fort Stevens, threatening to take it three months after the third Massachusetts heavy artillery in Fort Stevens Fort Stevens, on the north line of the d K, third Massachusetts heavy artillery, in Fort Stevens, 1865 Washington was no longer in dangernication. Sensitiveness for the safety of Washington influenced every combination and every imporey deterred Lee from pushing further against Washington his offensive movements . . . and thereby sapoints fortified on the Northern lines about Washington. The spade, seen leaning against the house worse than folly. If we had any friends in Washington none of them came out with any information, [37 more...]
ame assistant instructor of practical military engineering at West Point. When the war broke out he had abundant opportunity to put his learning to the test, and proved one of the ablest military engineers in the Federal service. He acted as chief engineer of the Port Royal expeditionary corps in 1861-62; was chief engineer at the siege of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, from February to April, 1862, conducted the land operations against Charleston, fought at Drewry's Bluff, and in the defense of Washington against Early. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted successively brigadier-general and major-general in the regular army, and on December 5, 1865, he resigned from the volunteer service He was the author of many engineering books and treatises. Gillmore studying the map of Charleston in 1863, while he drew his ring of fire round the city Map explaining the photographs on the pages that follow The Parrott in battery strong This 300-pounder rifle was directed against Fort Sumter
uskets and cannon for the vast army of volunteers that flocked to Washington in answer to President Lincoln's call for troops, presented a pro24-pounder smooth-bore guns in Fort C. F. Smith in the deenses of Washington. The carriages are those usually used with siege guns, the heavyons were made for very active work in the beginning of The Washington arsenal yard. This type of piece was used extensively during t. In the Washington arsenal yard — a row of Napoleons The Washington arsenal yard. 1861. Likewise, in the manufacture of gunpowder tne hundred thousand Ladies and officers in the interior court, Washington arsenal These leisurely ladies and unhurried officers do not bthis Union fort, one of the finest examples of fortification near Washington. The pieces of ordnance are in splendid condition. The men at t magazines were constructed at St. Louis Arsenal, and one each at Washington and Benicia arsenals. The Harper's Ferry Armory had suffered so
ered all features of the firing; therefore, when it was issued to the troops in the field, they were informed of the proper results to be expected, as far as the target practice could be simulated to field firing. Experiments were also made at Washington with the Confederate ammunition that had been captured, and certain of the features of that ammunition received very favorable notice from the Federal ordnance officers. The mortars were designed to throw a shell containing a bursting chargeallow it to penetrate the ground. If desired for the destruction of earthworks or magazines, it had to be exploded after the penetration. In the former case the time-fuse, and in the latter the percussion-fuse was used. At Fort Scott, near Washington, in October, 1863, an experiment was tried to test the value of spherical case-shot when fired from mortars. The 10-inch shell was filled with 12-pound canister-shot, and the bursting charge was loose. The capacity of the shell was thirty-eig
hen, by act of Congress of that date, control passed to the War Department at Washington, and the direct management of the academy to such officers as might be detail of the Potomac. It was utilized in constructing the defenses of the city of Washington in the winter of 1861-62, and during that time received instruction in the ducult operations of the kind ever performed. Immediately after returning to Washington from Harper's Ferry, the engineer troops, with their bridge-equipage, were se (1859) and Notes on sea-coast Defence (1861). He was immediately summoned to Washington as chief engineer in charge of constructing the defenses. Later he became chding General Early up through the Shenandoah valley into Maryland and against Washington. Practically all the garrison at the Federal capital had been withdrawn frommore gentle art of domestic architecture. of the city, who could be sent to Washington, were detached from their duties and ordered to report at the capital at once
chusetts, which he carried to successful completion. In April, 1862, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton summoned him to Washington and put him in charge of rescuing the railways and transportation service from the chaos into which they had fallen. AApril, 1862, the great war secretary, Edwin M. Stanton, sent an urgent telegram to Mr. Haupt, requesting him to come to Washington. Knowing that Congress would probably exercise a certain amount of supervision over his work if he entered the Governmdance of the corps, and on June 20th, Haupt, believing that he had accomplished the purpose for which he was brought to Washington by the Secretary of War, sent in a letter of resignation, stating that the communications were then all open, the roadspe declared that all such matters should be run by the Quartermaster's Department. Consequently, Colonel Haupt went to Washington, reported the state of affairs to an assistant secretary of war, and proceeded to his home in Massachusetts. The under
General Lee to the command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Lee felt that if McClellan could not be driven out of his entrenchments, there was danger that he would move by successive positions, under cover of his heavy guns, to within shelling distance of Richmond; and to prevent this contingency, Jackson was to fall on the Federal right flank to help drive McClellan from his position. The movement was so skilfully made that the Federal commanders in the Valley and the authorities in Washington were completely deceived, and the Union army now found itself on the defensive, and the history of the Peninsula campaign records the retreat of McClellan instead of a close investment of Richmond. During these operations, the field-works thrown up by the Confederate army constituted the principal auxiliary defenses, but as these were not in positions proper for the immediate defense of the city, they were of no particular value after the removal of the forces to other positions. As so
The captured map of the defenses of Richmond This map of the defenses of Richmond was found on the body of the Confederate Brigadier-General John R. Chambliss, by Federal cavalrymen under Gregg. Chambliss had been killed in an engagement with these troopers near White Oak Branch, seven miles from Richmond, on August 16, 1864. Early that month Grant heard that reinforcements were being sent to General Early in the Shenandoah for the purpose of threatening Washington. In order to compel the recall of these troops, and to cause the weakening of the Confederate lines before Petersburg, Hancock took the Second and part of the Ninth Corps and Gregg's cavalry to the north side of the James, threatening the works of Richmond. On the morning of August 16th, Gregg advanced on the right of the Federal line toward White's Tavern, near White Oak Branch. It was here that the action, the death of Chambliss, and the capture of the map took place. Even with the plans of the Southerners thus