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t written subsequent to the Week's Campaign before Richmond, but at a time when he was the great idol of the Nisastrous defeat in the Seven Days Campaign before Richmond, penned from his snug retreat at Harrison's LandinOrder No. 75, after the Seven Days Campaign before Richmond, which wonderfully contrasts with the above: RichRichmond, July 9th. On Thursday, June twenty-sixth, the powerful and thoroughly equipped army of the enemy weredent and threatening host lie on the banks of the James River, thirty miles from Richmond, seeking to recover, Richmond, seeking to recover, under the protection of his gunboats, from the effects of disastrous defeats. The battle, beginning on the af immediate fruits of our success are the relief of Richmond from a state of siege, the rout of the great army esident Davis to the Army after the battles before Richmond: I congratulate you on the series of brilliann of high position and great veracity have said in Richmond, that McClellan offered his services to the South
, however, to find so many belonging to the organization, for I could not be in any assembly long ere signs were exchanged, and I have not unfrequently heard staunch members of the club speaking very loudly in favor of union in presence of the Yankees, when at the same moment signs to the contrary were passed between us They manage this thing well in Baltimore, and have plenty of funds to assist our needy sympathizers who come under their notice. Constant correspondence is maintained with Richmond, and twice a week despatches are sent there by means which the Yankee authorities can never discover. How about the ladies, old friend? Well, you may laugh, but of all the Marylanders, the women are the most ardent and open in the expression of feeling, When officers ask them to play or sing, they usually comply by performing the most rebellious kinds of music, in the most modest and artless manner, causing the visitors to sit uneasy in their seats, and look very serio-comic. Not th
bels 1 The fact is, they had always held undisputed possession of the island; yet the mainland was so much higher as to command it, and had our artillery been present in the battle, not twenty men of their whole force could have escaped. When at length the story was truthfully told by the New-York Times and Tribune, the whole North was thrown into consternation and mourning over the massacre, as they termed it, and began reviling each other for urging McClellan to advance at all against Richmond. Massachusetts was particularly affected by the direful news, for two of its pet regiments (the Fifteenth and Twenty-third) had suffered fearfully, and many young men of the first families had fallen, including the promising son of the poet, Oliver Wendell Holmes, most of the men having been enrolled in Boston and Worcester. New-York also felt very much humbled on account of the decimation of the Forty-fourth, one of its crack regiments, which boasted of more professional pugilists and b
rters Amusements of the men cock-fighting, racing, snow-balling, singing clubs, etc. I visit Richmond, and see the fortifications of Manassas en route affectation of military rank at the capital rs, whisky-skins, cocktails, etc. I was 10th to leave the brigade; but service called me to Richmond. So, having partaken of all the enjoyments of singing clubs, negro minstrels, debating clubs, ch a purpose; what little there might be was economically served out for fuel. On arriving at Richmond a wonderful contrast to the well-disciplined order of Manassas presented itself. The Governmencept soldiers. The change was sudden. and ludicrous in effect. The floating population of Richmond was made up of the strangest elements. Some came to see friends, others with wonderful inventithe English blacking-maker, had lived in some out-of-the-way swamp in the Carolinas; he came to Richmond to have a private talk with the President, to let him know what he thought about General McClel
State forces; commanded a regiment of Texans in the Mexican war, and was appointed major and paymaster of the United States army; soon after promoted to Colonel of Second United States Cavalry; and, in 1857, was sent as Commander-in-Chief of United States forces against the Mormons. He was in California when the South seceded; and although Lincoln's spies dogged his footsteps, he managed to escape, and by passing rapidly through the South-western Territories in disguise, arrived safely at Richmond, and was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the West. President Davis, in answer to those who said Johnston was too slow, remarked: If he is not a general, there is not one among us! Such praise, from such a man, speaks volumes for Johnston's true merit. He was of Scotch descent, and very much beloved in military circles. His early death was a great blow to the South. It is much to be regretted that our Southern generals persist in rushing to the front, for their example is not required t
nd damaged ammunition. The seizure of Harper's Ferry secured to Virginia several thousand stand of arms; but beyond these, little fell to the Confederates; the Federal officers, before departure, having carefully planned and executed the destruction of all Government property, at the various factories and depots. When it became evident, from the vast preparations of the enemy, that hostilities would very shortly commence, the Confederate capital was changed from Montgomery, (Ala.,) to Richmond, (Va.) The railroad junctions had to be protected, as within no great distance from our seat of Government were several lines of road leading to and through the heart of the Southern States to the very Gulf. Manassas station (on the Washington and Alexandria Railroad) was selected as commanding all approach from Washington in front, or on the flank, from Harper's Ferry, through the Shenandoah Valley. This accordingly became the grand rendezvous, and the troops that first arrived were camp
my, and design upon Yorktown the approach to Richmond in that direction is not so easy as conjecturprise Magruder at Yorktown, and quietly seize Richmond before any troops could be marched to oppose ons belting the country, from York River to James River, and completely stopping further invasion. ifications on this peninsula from Yorktown to Richmond. When the war broke out, Robert E. Lee wae seat of Minister of War, and, upon going to Richmond, was installed in that office, and fulfilled ever, which he had planned for the defence of Richmond and its vicinity, occupied much of his time, e shallow Warwick to Mulberry Point, on the James River — a distance of about nine miles. The distaowell at Fredericksburgh, in order to move on Richmond from the north; fleets of gunboats and transpng the extremities of our wings on York and James rivers, to throw strong forces on our flanks and retracing their steps up the peninsula towards Richmond, and not one brigade was unnecessarily detain[1 more...]
xpert at the expense of the living; their elders (I cannot say betters) would lounge about and discourse pompously of every thing but their profession, while the hospital stores gave abundant opportunities for indulging in their favorite habits of intoxication. Time certainly improved this state of things, as it afforded the younger opportunities of improvement, but at what an expense of life and limb was their professional education completed! Another class who patriotically rushed to Richmond and obtained salaries to which they were unaccustomed, was a race of long-jawed, loud-mouthed ranters, termed for courtesy's sake ministers of the Gospel. With profound respect for a class called of heaven for the administration of holy offices, I may be allowed to observe that, taken as a whole, these long-bodied individuals who were saddled on our regiments simply considered themselves called to receive one hundred and twenty dollars per month, with the rank of captain, and the privilege
f the matter we offer the enemy battle twice before entering our lines around Richmond, etc. Every day saw our troops gradually leaving the lines, and the labor ised to be sick, were sent to King's Mill Landing on the James, for shipment to Richmond; but the Yankee cavalry unexpectedly appearing, dispersed them like chaff. See from Yorktown, the doctors had informed us that all incapable of marching to Richmond (seventy-five miles) should give their arms to the ordnance sergeants, and proe seemed to wear a pleased and laughing countenance. If they won't advance to Richmond, we'll make them advance to Yorktown, was the common expression. From the in the Yankee lines, and carried it on his back several miles, conveyed it to Richmond to the bereaved wife, and kept the promise he had made her — namely, never to Williamsburgh, I, with others, was detailed to escort a batch of prisoners to Richmond, and in hurrying on I overtook troops marching to West-Point, the head of the
destruction of the Merrimac the defences of Richmond treatment of prisoners our army forms line roads, it was deemed best to proceed by the James River. At night we sought the shelter of the farps. Several vessels had already escaped up James River, from Norfolk, and others were sunk; but itthat her draught of water was too great for James River; pilots disputed the possibility of steerin on board, and determined to carry her into James River, if possible, which could be done, the pilowind prevailing had so lowered the water in James River, that with eighteen feet draught she could teaming about City Point, (fifteen miles from Richmond,) in anticipation of the enemy's approach, an results will amply prove. In approaching Richmond, my eye was actively engaged in scanning the the reception-room. All that I have said of Richmond in a previous chapter — of the fabulous priceiny at Mechanicsville bridge, five miles from Richmond. It surprised me much to hear that our whole[4 more...]
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