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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 5: Round about Richmond. (search)
ts to Fortress Monroe, thence by the Peninsula, between the James and York Rivers. General McClellan's long delay to marcd'armee between Fortress Monroe and Newport News, on the James River. The Confederate left crossed the Rapidan, and from Oraouth of Yorktown, and flows south to its confluence with James River. The Warwick was dammed at different points, thus floofied and garrisoned by about ten thousand men, while the James River floated the Confederate vessels Virginia ( Merrimac ), Yither side redoubts were thrown up reaching out towards the James and York Rivers. The peninsula is about eight miles wide at that point. College Creek on the right flows into James River, and Queen's Creek on the left into the York, both giving so retreat and forcing him off to the beach road along the James River. The march of Emory's cavalry across to the Hampton roas section of horse artillery, crossed College Creek near James River, and came in after the action at the redoubts. Emory ab
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 7: Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks. (search)
y was halted, its right near Long Bridge of the Chickahominy River; its left and cavalry extending towards the Pamunkey through New Kent Court-House. On the 11th the commander of the Confederate ram Virginia ( Merrimac ), finding the water of James River not sufficient to float her to the works near Richmond, scuttled and sank the ship where she lay. On the 15th the Federal navy attacked our works at Chapin's and Drury's Bluffs, but found them too strong for water batteries. That attack ss Bluff on his right, to the Mechanicsville turnpike, with his infantry, the cavalry extending on the left and front to the lower Rappahannock and Fredericksburg. The right wing, D. H. Hill's and Longstreet's divisions, under Longstreet, from James River to White Oak Swamp; the left under G. W. Smith. Smith's division and Magruder's command from White Oak Swamp, extending thence to the Mechanicsville pike, with Jackson a hundred miles away in the Shenandoah Valley. After careful study of
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 9: Robert E. Lee in command. (search)
made that, in consequence of that strong ground, a move somewhat similar, ordered by General Johnston for the 28th of May, was abandoned. At the same time he was assured that a march of an hour could turn the head of the creek and dislodge the force behind it. He received me pleasantly and gave a patient hearing to the suggestions, without indicating approval or disapproval. A few days after he wrote General Jackson: Rebellion Record, vol. XII. part III. p. 910. Headquarters, Near Richmond, Va., June 11, 1862. Brigadier-General Thomas J. Jackson, Commanding Valley District: General,-- Your recent successes have been the cause of the liveliest joy in this army as well as in the country. The admiration excited by your skill and boldness has been constantly mingled with solicitude for your situation. The practicability of reinforcing you has been the subject of earnest consideration. It has been determined to do so at the expense of weakening this army. Brigadier-General L
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 10: fighting along the Chickahominy. (search)
n. My division was to cross with A. P. Hill's at New Bridge, march back near Richmond, across to and down the Darbytown road to interpose between the enemy and James River. Stuart was directed to operate against the enemy's left or rear, or front, as best he could. All the commands, being in waiting, marched at the first momed to the credit of the Confederates. At night General McClellan called his corps commanders to Headquarters and announced his plan for change of base to the James River. The Fourth Corps had been ordered to prepare the route of crossing at White Oak Swamp, and pass over to defend it. The Fifth and Slocum's division of the Sixthe Federals making safe passage of the crossing and gaining position to defend against pursuit in that quarter. On the 29th, General Holmes marched down the James River road to New Market with part of Colonel Daniel's brigade and two batteries, and General J. G. Walker's brigade and two batteries, and was there reinforced by p
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 11: battle of Malvern Hill. (search)
s retreat showed him well equipped in the science of War review of the campaign Jackson's and Magruder's misunderstanding moral effect of the gunboats on the James River-there should be a gunboat in every family. At Malvern Hill, hardly a league away from Frayser's, now left to silence save for the moans of the unfortunate faeavy clouds that covered the dead that had grappled and fallen together on Malvern Hill. The enemy was gone, and reached his lodgement at Harrison's Landing on James River, the old seat of that family which has given our country two Presidents. Jackson stood on the direct route of the enemy's retreat, and was ordered to follow ion the night of the 27th, continued his preparations and movements through the day and night of the 28th, and the first reliable information of the move towards James River came from Major Meade and Lieutenant Johnson, engineers. The information, though coming from a source least looked for, was more than gratifying to General Lee
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 15: the Maryland campaign. (search)
uthorities, though of course not at that time made public. This was his deliberate and urgent advice to President Davis to join him and be prepared to make a proposal for peace and independence from the head of a conquering army. Fresh from the Second Manassas, and already entered upon the fateful Maryland campaign, he wrote the President this important letter: Headquarters Near Fredericktown, Md., September 8, 1862. His Excellency Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, Richmond, Va.: Mr. President,-- Rebellion Record, vol. XIX. part II. p. 600. The present position of affairs, in my opinion, places it in the power of the government of the Confederate States to propose with propriety to that of the United States the recognition of our independence. For more than a year both sections of the country have been devastated by hostilities which have brought sorrow and suffering upon thousands of homes, without advancing the objects which our enemies proposed to thems
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 18: battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam. (search)
, fixed his plane table and seated himself to make a map of the Confederate works. A non-commissioned officer, without orders, adjusted his gun, carefully aimed it, and fired. At the report of the gun all eyes were turned to see the occasion of it, and then to observe the object, when the shell was seen to explode as if in the hands of the officer. It had been dropped squarely upon the drawing-table, and Lieutenant Wagner was mortally wounded. Of this shot, Captain A. B. More, of Richmond, Virginia, wrote, under date of June 16, 1886,-- The Howitzers have always been proud of that shot, and, thinking it would interest you, I write to say that it was fired by Corporal Holzburton, of the Second Company, Richmond Howitzers, from a ten-pound Parrott. Of the first shot, Major Alfred A. Woodhull, under date of June 8, 1886, wrote,--On the 17th of September, 1862, I was standing in Weed's battery, whose position is correctly given in the map, when a man on, I think, a gray horse,
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 24: preparing for the spring of 1863. (search)
ederates marched from their camps. This effort, called by Burnside's soldiers The mud march, was followed by the assignment of General Hooker to command of the Army of the Potomac. Long and close study of the field from the Potomac to the James River, and the experiences of former campaigns, made it clear that the Army.of the Potomac had been drawn into a false position, and it became manifest that there were but two moves left open for its spring campaign,--first, by crossing the upper fod Henry's artillery battalions, to the south side near Petersburg, to be in position to meet the latter move, leaving the divisions of McLaws and R. H. Anderson to finish the work on the lines of defence. After passing to the south side of James River, assigning the troops to points of observation near Blackwater River, and establishing Headquarters at Petersburg, I learned that there was a goodly supply of produce along the east coast of Virginia and North Carolina, inside the military lin
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 27: Gettysburg-Second day. (search)
non-appearance. Not one word did he utter to me of their march until he gave his orders at eleven o'clock for the move to his right. Orders for the troops to hasten their march of the 1st were sent without even a suggestion from him, but upon his announcement that he intended to fight the next day, if the enemy was there. Upon the various matters of this momentous day, which have been subject of controversy, the following testimony from J. S. D. Cullen is interesting and important: Richmond, Va., May 18, 1875. General James Longstreet: Dear General, . . . It was an astounding announcement to the survivors of the First Army Corps that the disaster and failure at Gettysburg was alone and solely due to its commander, and that had he obeyed the orders of the commander-in-chief Meade's army would have been beaten before its entire force had assembled, and its final discomfiture thereby made certain. It is a little strange that these charges were not made while General Lee was al
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter28: Gettysburg-Third day. (search)
g engineers who were sent to find what the enemy was about. They were the first to report the enemy's retreat towards James River. Orders were given for Jackson to follow on the direct line of retreat, also Magruder and Huger. My command was ordered around through the outskirts of Richmond by the Darbytown road to interpose between McClellan's army and the James River, about twenty miles; the other troops marching by routes of about nine miles. We were in position on the evening of the 29thrange (Va.) Art., Capt. C. W. Fry. Artillery Reserve, Col. J. Thompson Brown; 1st Va. Art., Capt. Willis J. Dance; 2d Richmond (Va.) Howitzers, Capt. David Watson; 3d Richmond (Va.) Howitzers, Capt. B. H. Smith, Jr.; Powhatan (Va.) Art., Lieut. John Richmond (Va.) Howitzers, Capt. B. H. Smith, Jr.; Powhatan (Va.) Art., Lieut. John M. Cunningham; Rockbridge (Va.) Art., Capt. A. Graham; Salem (Va.) Art., Lieut. C. B. Griffin; Nelson's Battn., Lieut.-Col. William Nelson; Amherst (Va.) Art., Capt. T. J. Kirkpatrick; Fluvanna (Va.) Art., Capt. J. L. Massie; Ga. Batt., Capt. John Mi
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