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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gwin, William McKendree 1805-1885 (search)
ater entered the medical department at Transylvania University, where he took his degree in 1828. He went to Clinton, Miss., and practised there till 1833, when he was appointed United States marshal for the Mississippi district. In 1840 he was elected to Congress by the Democratic party. He refused a renomination, and was later appointed to superintend the construction of the new custom-house at New Orleans. In 1849 he removed to California, and in September served in the convention at Monterey called to draw up a constitution. In December he became a United States Senator, and during his term secured a survey of the Pacific coast, a mint in San Francisco, a navy-yard (Mare Island), and got a bill passed for the establishment of a line of steamers between San Francisco, Japan, and China. He was re-elected, but when the Civil War began was accused of disloyalty, arrested, and imprisoned till 1863, when he was released. He interested the Emperor of France in a plan to colonize So
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Henry, William Seaton 1816-1851 (search)
Henry, William Seaton 1816-1851 Military officer; born in Albany, N. Y., in 1816; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1835; served in the Florida War in 1841-42, and in the Mexican War; received the brevet of major in September, 1846, in recognition of his bravery in the action at Monterey. He was the author of Campaign sketches of the War with Mexico. He died in New York City, March 5, 1851.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Junipero, Miguel Jose Serra 1713-1784 (search)
da. When the Jesuits were expelled from Lower California in 1767, the Franciscans, under Junipero, were appointed to take charge of all the California missions. He founded the following missions: San Diego, Cal., July 16, 1769; San Carlos, at Monterey, June 3, 1770; San Antonio, July 14, 1771; San Gabriel, near Los Angeles, Sept. 8, 1771; San Luis Obispo, Sept. 1, 1772; San Francisco, June 27, 1776; San Juan Capistrano, Nov. 1, 1776; Santa Clara, Jan. 18, 1777; San Buenaventura, March 31, 178r California in 1767, the Franciscans, under Junipero, were appointed to take charge of all the California missions. He founded the following missions: San Diego, Cal., July 16, 1769; San Carlos, at Monterey, June 3, 1770; San Antonio, July 14, 1771; San Gabriel, near Los Angeles, Sept. 8, 1771; San Luis Obispo, Sept. 1, 1772; San Francisco, June 27, 1776; San Juan Capistrano, Nov. 1, 1776; Santa Clara, Jan. 18, 1777; San Buenaventura, March 31, 1782. He died in Monterey, Cal., Aug. 28, 1784.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kearny, Stephen Watts 1794-1847 (search)
in California, General Kearny addressed Colonel Fremont the following letter: General Kearny to Colonel Fremont. headquarters, 10th Military Deptartment., Monterey, U. Cal., March 1, 1847. Sir,—By Department orders, No. 2, of this date (which will be handed to you by Captain Turner, 1st Dragoons, A. A.A. G., for my comma Volunteers, Ciudad de Los Angeles. About a month later, he received the following order from General Kearny: headquarters, 10th Military Deptartment, Monterey, Cal., March 28. Sir,—This will be handed to you by Colonel Mason, 1st Dragoons, who goes to the southern district, clothed by me with full authority to give suctructions he may give you will be considered as coming from myself. A few weeks later Colonel Fremont received orders from General Kearny to report himself at Monterey with such of the members of his topographical corps as were still under pay, prepared to set out at once for Washington. Colonel Fremont then applied for permis
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lockwood, Henry Hayes 1814- (search)
Lockwood, Henry Hayes 1814- Educator; born in Kent county, Del., Aug. 17, 1814; graduated at the United States Military Academy and assigned to the artillery in 1836, and after serving in the. Seminole War resigned and engaged in farming till 1841. Subsequently he was appointed Professor of Mathematics at the United States Naval Academy; served on the frigate United States at the capture of Monterey, Cal., in October, 1842. Returning, he served at the naval asylum in Philadelphia until 1845, when he became Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy in the Naval Academy; was transferred to the chair of Field Artillery and Infantry Tactics in 1851, and occupied the chair of Astronomy and Gunnery till 1866. During the Civil War he served both on land and sea, entering the Union army as colonel of the 1st Delaware Regiment and rising to brigadier-general of volunteers. In 1864 he commanded the Middle Department, with . headquarters at Baltimore. He was mustered out of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
acksonVictory of New OrleansGold. Feb. 22, 1816Capt. Charles StewartCapture of the Cyane and LevantGold. Feb. 22, 1816Capt. James BiddleCapture of the PenguinGold. April 4, 1818Maj.-Gen. William H. HarrisonVictory of the ThamesGold. April 4, 1818Gov. Isaac Shelby.Victory of the ThamesGold. Feb. 13, 1835Col. George Groghan (22 years after)Defence of Fort Stevenson, 1813Gold. July 16, 1846Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorVictory on Rio GrandeGold. March 2, 1847Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorCapture of MontereyGold. March 3, 1847British, French, and Spanish officers and crewsRescuing crew of U. S. brig-of-war Somers before Vera Cruz, Dec. 7, 1846Gold & silver. March 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Winfield ScottMexican campaignGold May 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorVictory of Buena VistaGold. Aug. 4, 1854Capt. Duncan N. IngrahamRelease of Martin KosztaGold. May 11, 1858Dr. Frederick H. Rose, of the British navyFor humanity—care of yellow-fever patients from Jamaica to New York on the U. S. S. SusquehannaGo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monterey, capture of (search)
Monterey, capture of After General Taylor had entered Mexico at Matamoras, he remained there until September, waiting for further instructions from his government and reinforcements for his army. Early in September the first division of his army, under Gen. W. J. Worth, moved towards Monterey, the capital of New Leon, which was strongly fortified, and then defended by General Ampudia with about 9,000 Mexican troops. Taylor soon joined Worth, and they encamped within 3 miles of the city, on Sept. 19, with about 7,000 men, and on the morning of the 21st attacked the stronghold. Joined by other divisions of the army, the assault became general on the 23d, and the conflict in the streets was dreadful. The Mexicans fired volleys of musketry from the windows of the strong store-houses upon the invaders, and the carnage was terrible. Finally, on the fourth day of the siege, Ampudia asked for a truce. It was granted, and he prepared to evacuate the city. Taylor demanded absolute su
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
uiserS.20,862Tr.S.11 Texas6,315Second class battle-shipS.8,610T. S.8 Puritan6,060Double-turretS.3,700T. S.10 Olympia5,870Protected cruiserS.17,313T. S.14 Chicago5,000Protected cruiserS.9,000T. S.18 Second rate Buffalo6,888Cruiser (converted)S.3,600S.6 Dixie6,145Cruiser (converted)S.3,800S.10 Baltimore4,413Protected cruiserS.10,064T. S.10 Philadelphia4,324Protected cruiserS.1,815T. S.12 Newark4,098Protected cruiserS.8,869T. S.12 San Francisco4,098Protected cruiserS.9,913T. S.12 Monterey4,084Barbette cruiser, low free-board monitorS.5,244T. S.4 Miantonomoh3,990Double-turret monitorI.1,426T. S.4 Amphitrite3,990Double-turret monitorI.1,600T. S.6 Monadnock3,990Double-turret monitorI.3,000T. S.6 Terror3,990Double-turret monitorI.1,600T. S.4 Albany3,437Protected cruiserS. W.7,500T. S.10 New Orleans3,437Protected cruiserS. W.7,500T. S.10 Lancaster3,250CruiserW.1,000S.12 Cincinnati3,213Protected cruiserS.10,000T. S.11 Raleigh3,213Protected cruiserS.10,000T. S.11 Reina Me
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), San Francisco, (search)
San Francisco, The commercial metropolis of California. On June 17, 1776, two friars, Francisco Palou and Benito Cambon, left Monterey with seven civilians and seventeen dragoons and their families, reaching, June 27, the place where they established the Spanish mission of San Francisco, Oct. 8, 1776. The settlement by Americans dates from 1836, when Jacob P. Leese, an American residing in Los Angeles, obtained from Governor Chico a grant of land in Yerba Buena, and built a small frame-house on present south San Francisco from the Bay. side of Clay Street, west of Dupont, celebrating its completion by raising the American flag, July 4, 1836. In 1840 there were four Americans, four Englishmen, and six other Europeans in Yerba Buena. In January, 1847, the name was changed to San Francisco. The first steamer of the Pacific Mail Company reached San Francisco Feb. 28, 1849, and the discovery of gold in the same year brought hundreds of steamships and sailing vessels filled wi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shaw, Henry Wheeler 1818-1885 (search)
Shaw, Henry Wheeler 1818-1885 (pen-name Josh Billings), humorist; born in Lanesboro, Mass., April 21, 1818. When only a boy he started for the West to seek his fortune; in 1858 settled in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and became an auctioneer. In 1863 he began to contribute to magazines, and for many years was a regular contributor to the New York Weekly and a popular lecturer. His publications include Josh Billings on ice; Josh Billings's complete works; Josh Billings's Spice-box: and an annual comic almanac. He died in Monterey, Cal., Oct. 14, 1885.
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