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From January until April (1863) Hooker was engaged in preparing for a vigorous summer campaign. His forces remained in comparative quiet for about tree months, during which time they were reorganized and disciplined, and at the close of April his army numbered 100,000 effective men. General Lee's army, on the other side of the river, had been divided, a large force, under General Longstreet, having been required to watch the movements of the Nationals under General Peck in the vicinity of Norfolk. Lee had in hand about 60,000 well-drilled troops, lying behind strong intrenchments extending 25 miles along the line of the Rappahannock River. Hooker had made important changes in the organization of the army, and in the various staff departments; and the cavalry, hitherto scattered among the three grand divisions into which the six corps of the army had been consolidated--two corps in each — and without organization as a corps, were now consolidated and soon placed in a state of great
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801 (search)
even armed vessels, to plunder. distress, and alarm the people of that State. In no other way could Arnold be employed by his master, for respectable British officers refused to serve with him in the army. He arrived at Hampton Roads on Dec. 30. 1780. Anxious to distinguish himself, he immediately pushed up the James River as far as Richmond, when, after destroying a large quantity of public and private stores there and in the vicinity (Jan. 5. 1781), he withdrew to Portsmouth, opposite Norfolk, and made that place his headquarters for a while. Earnest efforts were made to capture the marauder, but in vain. Jefferson offered $25,000 for his arrest, and Washington detached Lafayette, with 1,200 men, drawn from the New England and New Jersey levies, who marched to Virginia for that purpose and to protect the State. A portion of the French fleet went from Rhode Island (March 8) to shut Arnold up in the Elizabeth River and assist in capturing him. Steuben, who was recruiting for
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barron, James, 1769-1851 (search)
his elder brother, Com. Samuel Barron, one of the best disciplinarians in the service. James was in command of the frigate Chesapeake in 1807, and surrendered her to the Leopard, a British ship-of-war, for which he was court-martialled and sentenced to be suspended from service for five years without pay or emoluments. During that suspension he entered the merchant service, and remained abroad until 1818, when an attempt was made to restore him to duty in the naval service. Commodore Decatur and other officers resisted this, and a bitter correspondence between Barron and Decatur ensued. James Barron. Barron challenged his antagonist to fight a duel. They met near Bladensburg (March 22, 1820), and Decatur was mortally wounded. Barron was severely hurt, but recovered after several months of suffering. During the latter years of his long life Barron held several important commands on shore. He became senior officer of the navy in 1839, and died in Norfolk, Va., April 21, 1851.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barron, Samuel, 1763- (search)
Barron, Samuel, 1763- Naval officer; was born in Hampton, Va., about 1763; brother of James. He, like his brother, had a training in the navy under his father. In 1798 he commanded the Augusta, prepared by the citizens of Norfolk to resist the aggressions of the French. He took a conspicuous part in the war with Tripoli, and in 1865 he commanded a squadron of ten vessels, with President as the flag-ship. He assisted in the capture of the Tripolitan town of Derne, April 27, 1805. Barron soon afterwards relinquished his command to Capt. John Rodgers, and on account of ill-health returned to the United States. He died Oct. 29, 1810.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Big Bethel, battle at. (search)
ort Monroe (May, 1861), he first established Camp Hamilton, near the fort. as a rendezvous for troops gathering there. There were gathered Phelps's Vermont regiment, and another from Troy, N. Y.; and soon afterwards they were joined by a well-disciplined regiment of Zouaves, under Col. Abraham Duryee, of New York City. Duryee was assigned to the command of the camp as acting brigadier-general. Butler conceived a plan of taking possession of the country between Suffolk and Petersburg and Norfolk, and so threatening the Weldon Railroad, the great highway between Vrgiinia and the Carolinas. But, lacking troops, he contented himself with taking possession of and fortifying the important strategic point of Newport News. He sent (May 27. 1861 ) Colonel Phelps thither in a steamer with a detachment to fortify that place. He was accompanied by Lieut. John Trout Greble, Map of the battle at Big Bethel an accomplished young graduate of West Point, whom he appointed master of ordnance, t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, Franklin, 1800-1874 (search)
Buchanan, Franklin, 1800-1874 Naval officer; born in Baltimore, Md., Sept. 17, 1800: entered the navy in 1815; became lieutenant in 1825, and master-commander in 1841. He was the first superintendent of the Naval Academy at Annapolis. Sympathizing with the Confederate movement, and believing his State would secede, he sent in his resignation. Finding that Maryland did not secede, he petitioned for restoration, but was refused, when he entered the Confederate service, and superintended( the fitting-out of the old Merrimac (rechristened the Virginia) at Norfolk. In her he fought the Monitor and was severely wounded. He afterwards blew up his vessel to save her from capture. In command of the ironclad Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, he was defeated and made prisoner. He died in Talbot county. Md., May 11, 1874. See monitor and Merrimac. Buchanan, James
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Canals. (search)
of commerce for quicker transportation. An interesting feature of recent canal construction and improvement is the adaptation of these waterways to vessels of large tonnage, using steam or other swift motive power. The old-fashioned canal, accommodating small boats drawn by mules or horses, has given way to the ship-canal, through which a war-ship can safely speed. Canals in the United States. name.Cost.Completed.LengthLOCATION. in miles. Albemarle and Chesapeake$1,641,363186044Norfolk, Va., to Currituck Sound, N. C. Augusta1,500,00018479Savannah River, Ga., to Augusta, Ga. Black River3,581,954184935Rome, N. Y., to Lyons Falls, N. Y. Cayuga and Seneca 2,232,632183925Montezuma, N. Y., to Cayuga and Seneca Lakes, N. Y. Champlain 4,044,000182281Whitehall, N. Y., to Waterford. N. Y. Chesapeake and Delaware3,730,230182914Chesapeake City, Md., to Delaware City, Del. Chesapeake and Ohio11,290,3271850184Cumberland, Md., to Washington, D. C. Chicago Drainage. See next page.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Census, United States (search)
ah, Ga.54,.24443,18911,055 Salt Lake City, Utah.53,53144,8438,688 San Antonio, Tex.53,32137,67315,648 Duluth, Minn.52,96933,11519,854 Erie, Pa.52,733 40,63412,099 Elizabeth, N. J.52,13037,76414,366 Wilkesbarre, Pa.51.72137,71814,003 Kansas City, Kan.51,41838,31613,102 Harrisburg, Pa.50,16739,38510,782 Portland, Me.50,14536,42513,720 Yonkers, N. Y.47,93132,03315,898 * Decrease. Cities with population exceeding 25,000.—Continued. City.population.increase since 19001890.1890. Norfolk, Va 46,62434,87111,753 Waterbury, Conn 45,85928,64617,213 Holyoke, Mass.45.71235.63710,075 Fort Wayne, Ind. 45,11535,3939,722 Youngstown, O.44,88533.22011,665 Houston, Tex44,63327,55717,076 Covington, Ky42,93837,3715,567 Akron, O.42,72827,60115,127 Dallas, Tex 42,63838,0674,571 Saginaw, Mich.42,34546 322*3,977 Lancaster, Pa41,45932,0119,448 Lincoln, Neb40,16955,154*14,985 Brockton, Mass.40,06327,29412,769 Binghamton, N. Y 39,64735.0054,642 Augusta, Ga39,41133,3006,141 Pawtuck
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
rt, N. C., Port Royal, S. C., and New Orleans should be open to commerce after June 1.—13. Natchez, Miss., surrendered to Union gunboats.—17. Naval expedition up the Pamunkey River, and Confederate vessels burned.—18. Suffolk, 17 miles below Norfolk, occupied by National troops.—19. May, recorder and chief of police of New Orleans, arrested and sent to Fort Jackson.—22. The United States Senate organized as a High Court of Impeachment for the trial of W. H. Humphreys, a United States distated by General Breckinridge, near Bull's Gap, Tenn., who took all his artillery, trains, and baggage.—16. Confederates surprised and captured Butler's picketline at Bermuda Hundred.—19. The President, by proclamation, raised the blockade at Norfolk, Va., and Pensacola and Fernandina, Fla.—22. Hood advances from near Florence, Ala., towards Nashville, with 40,000 Confederate troops.—24. Thanksgiving Day observed in the Army of the Potomac, when 59,000 lbs. of turkeys, sent from th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockburn, Sir George 1772-1853 (search)
om British prisons, who preferred active life in the British service to indefinite Sir George Cockburn's signature. confinement in jails. The appearance of this force alarmed all lower Virginia; and the militia of the Peninsula and about Norfolk were soon in motion after the squadron had entered Hampton Roads. The Secretary of the Treasury ordered the extinguishment of all the beacon-lights on the Chesapeake coast. At the same time the frigate Constellation, thirty-eight guns, lying at Norfolk, was making ready to attack the British vessels. A part of the British squadron went into Delaware Bay, but the forewarned militia were ready for the marauders, who only attacked the village of Lewiston. On April 3, 1813, a flotilla of a dozen boats filled with armed men from the British fleet, under Lieutenant Polkingthorne, of the St. Domingo, seventy-four guns, entered the Rappahannock River and attacked the Baltimore privateer Dolphin, ten guns, Captain Stafford, and three armed s
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