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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 7: sea-coast defences..—Brief description of our maritime fortifications, with an Examination of the several Contests that have taken place between ships and forts, including the attack on San Juan d'ulloa, and on St. Jean d'acre (search)
othing has yet been done to these works. Next Portland, with works carrying about forty or fifty guns, and Fort Penobscot and batteries, carrying about one hundred and fifty guns. These are only partly built. New Hampshire. Defenses of Portsmouth and the vicinity, about two hundred guns. These works are also only partly built. Massachusetts. Projected works east of Boston, carrying about sixty guns These are not yet commenced. Works for defence of Boston Harbor carry about fivestill more uncertain chance of keeping him there; the escape of a single vessel being sufficient to cause the loss of our harbor.” These remarks are based upon the supposition that we have but the single harbor of New York; whereas Portland, Portsmouth, Boston, Newport, the Delaware, the Chesapeake, Charleston, Savannah, Pensacola, Mobile, New Orleans, and numerous other places, are equally open to attack, and therefore must be equally defended, for we know not to which the enemy will direct
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Extemporizing production. (search)
g, and that North Carolina has engaged in the manufacture of pea-nut oil. Moreover, Mr. De Bow lifts up his voice jubilantly in respect of eight tan-yards in Louisa County, (State not named.) Also, many females are spinning upon old fashioned hand-loomns in South Carolina. Mr. De Bow spreads his statistics, which are dreadfully meagre, over the broadest possible surface, and brings up on bowieknives. They are turning out these valuable weapons, it appears, with consummate alacrity, in Portsmouth, Va. And this suggests a more careful examination prove to be principally bayonets, camp-stools, gunpowder, tent-poles, bowie-knives, revolving pistols, drums — and, we presume, fifes, and even flags. But Mr. De Bow, while making up the rose-colored record, and telling us that they are producing leather in Albemarle and shoes in Madison County, does not tell us how much leather nor how many shoes. There are eight tan-yards in Louisa County; but are they large or little tan-yards? and, abo
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 2: bombardment and fall of Fort Sumter.--destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard by the Federal officers. (search)
Paulding summoned. hostile attitude of the people of Norfolk and Portsmouth. vessels at the Norfolk Navy Yard. ships that were historic. ad Washington of the hostile attitude of the people in Norfolk and Portsmouth towards the government, and their determination that the Navy Deprd, have saved the Navy Yard against attack, overawed Norfolk and Portsmouth, and prevented the channel from being obstructed by the Confedera bid defiance to 5,000 Confederates in arms, and held Norfolk and Portsmouth under her guns until every ship was hauled out of harm's way. n all the preparations were completed. The people of Norfolk and Portsmouth were wrapped in slumber, little dreaming that in a few hours the ountry brilliantly illuminated. The inhabitants of Norfolk and Portsmouth, roused from their slumber, looked with awe at the work of destrue river to the Pawnee and Cumberland, the rebels from Norfolk and Portsmouth rushed into the Yard to save what they could from the flames, and
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 3: closing of Southern ports.--increase of the Navy.--list of vessels and their stations.--purchased vessels.--vessels constructing, etc. (search)
iled. Frigates--   1861. 1861. 1861.   Potomac New York April 27 July 30 Sept. 10   St. Lawrence Philadelphia April 20 Late in May. June 29   Santee Portsmouth, N. H April 17 May 27 June 20 Sloops--           Savannah New York April 1 June 1 July 10   Jamestown Philadelphia April 9 May 18 June 8   Vincennes Boston April 9 June 24 July 12   Marion Portsmouth April 20 June 30 July 14   Dale Portsmouth April 20 June 30 July 17   Preble Boston April 20 June 22 July 11 Brigs--           Bainbridge Boston April 20 May 1 May 21   Perry New York April 20 May 1 May 14 Steamers--           Roanoke New York April 20 JunPortsmouth April 20 June 30 July 17   Preble Boston April 20 June 22 July 11 Brigs--           Bainbridge Boston April 20 May 1 May 21   Perry New York April 20 May 1 May 14 Steamers--           Roanoke New York April 20 June 20 June 25   Colorado Boston April 20 June 3 June 18   Minnesota Boston April 3 May 2 May 8   Wabash New York April 9 April 29 May 30   Pensacola Washington         Mississippi Boston April 6 May 18 May 23   Water Witch Philadelphia Feb. 14 April 10 April 17 When the
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 59: (search)
98 Key West Oct. 16, 1862 Owasco. Schooner Princeton 3,870 28 916 96 2,953 32 do Oct. 16, 1862 Susquehanna. Schooner Prize 837 84 237 54 600 30 do Oct. 24, 1863 Octorara. Sloop Pioneer 2,366 92 1,058 18 1,308 74 New York April 27, 1863 Portsmouth. Steamer Patras, cargo of 58,787 64 6,336 82 52,450 82 do Dec. 9, 1863 Bienville. Steamer Planter 198,690 58 16,872 00 181,818 58 Key West Feb. 29, 1864 Lackawanna. Steamer Patras 34,000 00 4,077 41 29,922 59 New York Feb. 29, 1864 Bie Santiago de Cuba. Schooner William 95,324 97 6,953 04 88,371 93 do Oct. 7, 1863 De Soto. Schooner Wm. E. Chester 22,298 74 2,590 35 19,708 39 do Oct. 10, 1863 Montgomery. Schooner Wave 6,250 26 1,958 95 4,291 31 New York Nov. 25, 1862 Portsmouth. Schooner Water Witch 5,731 30 1,938 33 3,792 47 do Nov. 5, 1863 Arthur, Sachem.   Whiskey, cargo of Waiting for prize list of the George Mangham. 533 48 125 46 408 02 Washington   George Mangham. Schooner Wave 5,001 90 821 59 4,180
ority greatly strengthened, doubtless, if not secured, by an act of the Confederate Congress forbidding the importation of slaves from States out of the Confederacy — an act which, so long as Virginia adhered to the Union, struck a staggering blow at the most important and productive branch of her industry. And, while the fact of her secession was still unproclaimed, her authorities at once set whatever military forces they could muster in motion to seize the Federal Navy Yard at Norfolk (Portsmouth) and the Arsenal at Harper's Ferry. As the news of the attack on Sumter flashed over the country, an intense and universal excitement was aroused in the Free as well as the Slave States. Indignation was paramount in the former; exultation ruled throughout the latter. The New York Herald of the 14th had the following: Richmond, Va., April 13, 1861. There is great rejoicing here over the news from Charleston. One hundred guns have been fired to celebrate the surrender of F
ed into the iron-clad Virginia, with which such memorable havoc was wrought in Hampton Roads. A crowd from Norfolk and Portsmouth burst into the Yard, so soon as our ships had fairly departed, and saved for the uses of treason whatever they could, i, says: The aid which might have been derived from the workmen in the Yard, and other loyal citizens of Norfolk and Portsmouth, is, in some degree, a matter of conjecture, and it is not proposed to introduce it as an element in the decision of thver, that there was abundant evidence before the Committee that at least a majority of the citizens of both Norfolk and Portsmouth were on the side of the Union, and would have been warmly and openly so had the Government shown a strong hand and a timely determination to defend itself. An election for mayor was held in Portsmouth a few days previous to the surrender, at which the Union candidate was elected by an overwhelming majority. A voluntary military association, considerable in numbers a
Courier, 508; report of the battle of Bull Run, 544; evidence from, that the Rebels were acquainted with our plan. 550. Nicaragua, invaded by Walker, 276; Democratic resolves with regard to, 277. Nicholas, Walson C., letter from Jefferson to, 85. Niles, John M., of Conn., on Annexation, 174. Niles's Register, citation from, 80; 110. Norfolk, Va., seizure of the Navy Yard at, 414; troops set in motion for the seizure, 453; the ships, property, etc., at, 473; map of Norfolk and Portsmouth, 474; destruction of the Yard and its contents, 475; the State troops take possession, 476; vigorous Union sentiment at, just prior to the work of destruction, 477. Norfolk Herald, The, rumors quoted from, 508. Norris, Moses, of N. H., 229. North Alabamian, The, letter from Henry Clay on Annexation, 166; final letter from Clay, 17. North Carolina, slave population in 1790; troops furnished during the Revolution, 36; cedes her territory, 49; the cotton gin, 61; 123; allows free
ossession of Norfolk by the Rebels no longer tenable. To hold it by any force less than an army would be simply exposing that force to capture or destruction at the pleasure of our strategists. Gen. Wool, commanding at Fortress Monroe, having organized an expedition designed to reduce that important city, led it thither on the 10th; finding the bridge over Tanner's creek on fire, but no enemy to dispute possession of Norfolk, which was quietly surrendered by its Mayor. The Navy Yard and Portsmouth were in like manner repossessed; the Rebels, ere they left, destroying every thing that would burn, partially blowing up the Dry Dock, and completely destroying their famous ironclad known to us as the Merrimac. May 11, 5 A. M. They left about 200 cannon, including 39 of large caliber at Craney Island, and those in the Sewell's Point batteries, which, though spiked, were valuable; 29 pieces were found mounted on strong earthworks two miles from Norfolk, but deserted. In fact, it had be
the parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemine, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida. Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are, for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued. And, by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all person held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons. And I hereby enjo
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