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duty will be allowed permanently, except in the case of minors or persons physically unable to do service. Applications for the release of those engaged upon work for the government must be made to this department in the form of certificates from the owners or foremen of the shops, when an order will be issued to the commanding officer of the camp to which the applicant belongs to grant a furlough of a certain number of days, which can only be renewed by a subsequent certificate and order from these headquarters. --New Orleans Delta, April 4. The Ninety-seventh regiment of New York Volunteers, under the command of Col. Charles Wheelock, passed through New York City for the seat of war. Col. Wheelock, a wealthy and influential resident of Oneida County, who undertook the task of organizing the regiment, expended upward of nine thousand dollars out of his own pocket towards the support of the families of the men and for the advancement of the organization.--N. Y. Tribune, March 22.
object was the restoration of the Union, and not the safety or destruction of slavery. If he could save the Union without freeing the slaves, he would do it; if he could save it by freeing all the slaves, he would do it; and if he could save it by freeing a portion and leaving others alone, he would do that.--See Supplement. The One Hundred and Seventeenth regiment, New York volunteers, Col. W. R. Pease, left Camp Huntington, near Rome, at noon to-day for the seat of war. This was Oneida County's first regiment under the new call, and her fourth for the war. The day before yesterday, and to-day, Fort Ridgely, Minn., was attacked by a large body of Indians, who, on each occasion, were repulsed by the garrison, of whom three were killed and thirteen wounded.--(Doc. 189.) This morning, at five o'clock, the rebels opened fire from their batteries along the whole line of the army on the Rappahannock. The Union army on the opposite bank of the river promptly replied, and t
l of 1861. It left Oswego January 20, 1862, with 750 men, and at Albany received 250 more, who had been recruited in Oneida county. It left the State in February, 1862, and upon its arrival at Washington was assigned to Palmer's Brigade, Casey's Dopotomoy; White Oak Road; Appomattox. notes.--Known also as the Third Oneida, being composed almost wholly of men from Oneida and Herkimer counties. It was mustered in at Boonville, N. Y., on February 19, 1862, leaving that place on March 12th. ook; John's Island; Swift Creek; Petersburg Mine; Bermuda Hundred; Fort Anderson; Wilmington. notes.--Organized in Oneida county in August, 1862. It was stationed at Tennallytown, Md., until April, 1863, when it went to Suffolk, Va. After particck Station; Bristoe Station; White Oak Swamp (1864); Hatcher's Run; Chapel House; Appomattox. notes.--Recruited in Oneida county, and organized at Rome, N. Y. It was mustered into the service of the United States on October 10, 1862, and proceede
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Deane, James, 1748-1823 (search)
Deane, James, 1748-1823 Missionary to the Six Nations; born in Groton, Conn., Aug. 20, 1748; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1773. From the age of twelve years he was with a missionary in the Oneida tribe of Indians, and mastered their language. After his graduation he went as a missionary to the Caughnawagas and St. Francis tribes for two years; and when the Revolution broke out, Congress employed him to conciliate the tribes along the northern frontier. He was made Indian agent and interpreter at Fort Stanwix with the rank of major. He was many years a judge in Oneida county, and twice a member of the New York Assembly. Mr. Deane wrote an Indian mythology. He died in Westmoreland, N. Y., Sept. 10, 1823.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floyd, William 1734-1821 (search)
Floyd, William 1734-1821 Signer of the Declaration of Independence; born in Brookhaven, Suffolk co., N. Y., Dec. 17, 1734; took an early and vigorous part in the Revolution; was a member of the New York committee of correspondence; and a member of the first Continental Congress in 1774, and until 1777. He was again a member after October, 1778. He was a State Senator in 1777. During the occupation of Long Island by the British, for nearly seven years, his family were in exile. He held the commission of brigadier-general, and commanded the Suffolk county militia in repelling an invasion of Long Island by the British. General Floyd was a member of the first national Congress, and as Presidential elector gave his vote for Jefferson in 1801. He died in Weston, Oneida co., N. Y., Aug. 4, 1821.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oneida Indians, (search)
, of the then Six Nations in the great council, opposed an alliance with the English. They remained faithful to the English-American colonists to the end. In this attitude they were largely held by the influence of Samuel Kirkland, a Protestant missionary, and Gen. Philip Schuyler. Because of this attitude they were subjected to great losses by the ravages of Tories and their neighbors, for which the United States compensated them by a treaty in 1794. They had previously ceded their lands to the State of New York, reserving a tract, now in Oneida county, where some of them still remain. They had been joined by the Stockbridge and Brotherton Indians. Some of them emigrated to Canada, and settled on the Thames; and in 1821 a large band purchased a tract on Green Bay, Wis. They have all advanced in civilization and the mechanic arts, as well as in agriculture, and have schools and churches. In 1899 there were 270 Oneidas at the New York agency, and 1,945 at the Green Bay agency.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Steuben, Frederick William Augustus, Baron von 1730- (search)
ctor-general of the army with the rank of majorgeneral in March, 1778, and fought as a volunteer in the battle of Monmouth in June. Steuben introduced thorough discipline in the army, and prepared a manual of tactics which was approved by Congress. He Steuben's log-house. commanded in Virginia in 1781, and was distinguished at Yorktown in October. The State of New Jersey gave him a small farm at the close of the war, and the State of New York gave him 16,000 acres of wild land in Oneida county. The national government gave him an annuity of $2,500. He withdrew from society, built a log-house on his domain in New York (afterwards Steubenville), and lived there until his death, Nov. 28, 1794. He gave a tenth of his estate to his aides—North, Popham, and Walker—and his servants, and parcelled the remainder among twenty or thirty tenants. He was generous, witty, cheerful, and of polished manners. Steuben was buried in his garden at Steubenville. Afterwards, agreeably to his d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stranahan, James Samuel Thomas 1808-1898 (search)
Stranahan, James Samuel Thomas 1808-1898 Benefactor; born in Peterboro, N. Y., April 25, 1808; received a common school education and later studied engineering. In 1827-28 he visited the lake region of the Northwest with a view of opening trade with the Indians, which he abandoned and engaged in the wool business in Albany. In 1832 he took charge of a district in Oneida county for the purpose of founding a manufacturing town, and developed the present town of Florence, which he represented in the State Assembly in 1838-40. He removed to Newark, N. J., in 1840, and engaged in the building of railroads; and to Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1844. At first he was engaged in the business of railroad contractor, but later began his scheme of developing the water-front of Brooklyn, and succeeded in making the Atlantic basin one of the most perfect and commodious basins in the world. He was interested in the Union Ferry Company; member of Congress in 1854; of the newly organized Metropolitan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
ed......1790 Congress leaves New York City and meets in Philadelphia......December, 1790 Part of Vermont formed Cumberland and Gloucester counties in New York till ......1791 Paper mill erected at Troy, which makes from four to five reams of paper daily......1791 French privateer fitted out in New York is seized by militia by order of Governor Clinton......June 14, 1791 Frederick William Augustus, Baron Steuben, major-general in the Revolutionary army dies at Steubenville, Oneida county......Nov. 28, 1794 Union College incorporated at Schenectady......1795 George Clinton, after eighteen years service, declines re-election as governor, and is succeeded by John Jay......1795 Legislature appropriates $50,000 for public schools......1795 Sloop Detroit the first American vessel on Lake Erie......1796 Massachusetts deeds to Robert Morris, of Philadelphia, nearly 3,300,000 acres of land in western New York......May 11, 1796 He extinguishes the Indian title,
Utica, A city and county seat of Oneida county, N. Y.; on the Mohawk River. The city is in the centre of a dairying region and is the chief cheese market of central New York. During the colonial period the site of the city was called Old Fort Schuyler, from the fort which stood there. It was a part of 22,000 acres given to William Cosby, the colonial governor, in 1734, after which date the tract was known as Cosby's manor. Population in 1900, 56,383.
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