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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 10: naval engagement at South-West pass.--the Gulf blockading squadron in November, 1861. (search)
ertain by the visit something that would strengthen his argument. He also wished if possible to visit Major Anderson. In consequence, with the consent of the President, Secretary of War and General Scott, he proceeded by way of Richmond and Wilmington to Charleston and arrived there on the 25th of March. At that time there was a general feeling in Charleston and thereabout that the Government had concluded to give up Fort Sumter without an attempt to retain it. On Mr. Fox's arrival in Chmeans to accomplish an object which he held to be of such vital importance. To tell the rest of this history we must further quote Mr. Fox's report: The tug Freeborn was not permitted to leave New York; the tug Uncle Ben was driven into Wilmington by the violence of the gale and eventually captured by the Confederates; the tug Yankee reached Charlestown a few hours after the Baltic left for New York with Major Anderson's command on board. Mr. Fox from his statement seems to have reli
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 11: Goldsborough's expedition to the sounds of North Carolina. (search)
ll back, regain its formation and send the enemy retreating in his turn. For the present we must leave the sounds and inlets and follow other adventures. All the sounds of North Carolina and the rivers emptying into them as far up as the gun-boats could reach were virtually in the hands of the Federal Government. North Carolina was no longer a base of supplies for the Confederates The sounds and inlets of Georgia, South Carolina and Florida were nearly all closed up by the Navy, and Wilmington and Charleston were really the only two places by which the Confederacy could obtain supplies or munitions of war from abroad. All of this work had been done within a year of the commencement of the war, in spite of delays which enabled the enemy to erect earthworks and sink obstructions that required herculean labors to remove. Inadequate as were the vessels supplied to the Navy, the officers seldom failed to accomplish what they attempted, and it was a well-deserved compliment when
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 34: (search)
return and extinguish the flames, he proceeded on his way up the river. He reached the town of Jacksonville, landed, threw out pickets and placed guards over the public buildings. Jacksonville was the county-seat of Onslow County, and quite an important place. Here he captured 25 stand of arms in the Court-house, and a large mail in the post-office. He also took two schooners and confiscated the negroes of the Confederate postmaster. Jacksonville being situated on the main road to Wilmington, it was not long before the news of Cushing's performances reached the latter place, and the Confederates at once took measures to prevent his escape. As soon as he had finished with the town, Cushing dropped down with his two prizes until he came in sight of a camp on the riverbank, which he shelled very thoroughly. The enemy opened fire on the Ellis with rifles, but they were soon dispersed. Night coming on, the pilots declined to take the vessels out of the river until daylight nex
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 35: operations of the North Atlantic Squadron, 1863. (search)
co-operate in expedition against Goldsborough, N. C. Lieutenant Cushing's expedition against Wilmington pilots. Cushing captures a Fort and puts enemy to flight. other adventures. Lieutenant Flus On January 5th the indefatigable Lieutenant Cushing started on an expedition to capture some Wilmington pilots, and having heard that there was a pilot station at Little River, thirty miles below Fo On the 31st of July, 1863, the steamer Kate, belonging to the Confederates, while going into Wilmington, was driven on Smith's Island Beach by the gun-boat Penobscot, but was eventually floated off ver the cost of all. On August 18th, one of these clippers, the Hebe, attempted to run into Wilmington by the New Inlet channel. There were several blockaders on the alert, and among them the Niphruction of the blockade-runner Venus. on October 21st. The Venus was from Nassau, bound to Wilmington, and, while attempting to run the blockade, was chased by the steamer Nansemond, Lieutenant La
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 38: review of the work done by the Navy in the year 1863. (search)
na to such an extent that the Confederates could be said to have no foothold in that quarter. Wilmington, near the mouth of the Cape Fear River, was really the only point in North Carolina where the bars. These obstacles at the time were considered such as to preclude any attempt to capture Wilmington from the sea. Many reasons existed why the Army could not co-operate in an attack upon WilmWilmington, which thus remained upwards of a year longer than it should have done the great depot of supplies for the Confederate armies. Many fast steamers from the Clyde, and other parts of Great Britain, continued to elude the utmost efforts of the blockading squadron, and reached Wilmington with valuable cargoes of arms and munitions of war, though numbers were captured or driven on shore and deswas no field for great achievement except the capture of Fort Fisher and the other defences of Wilmington, which might have been taken earlier in the war, but the task was postponed until it required
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 39: Miscellaneous operations, land and sea.--operations in the Nansemond, Cape Fear, Pamunky, Chucka Tuck and James Rivers.--destruction of blockade-runners.--adventures of Lieutenant Cushing, etc. (search)
t of three vessels succeeded in getting into Wilmington or Mobile — the two principal ports where thup the coast from Little River Inlet towards Wilmington bar, a steamer was discovered at the entrancn they failed, and the iron-clad returned to Wilmington, where her career soon afterwards ended. project, as an expedition for the capture of Wilmington was then in contemplation. Cushing was alwaot out of sight. When within seven miles of Wilmington both men and boat were secreted in a marsh. It was simply a fishing party returning to Wilmington. Both boats were captured, and the necessarich was the main highway from Fort Fisher to Wilmington. Here he divided his little party, leaving ushing then waited for the mail-carrier from Wilmington to appear with dispatches for Fort Fisher, bners had told him she was then at anchor off Wilmington under Captain Wm. T. Muse, but that little cinformed that the two torpedo-boats built at Wilmington had been destroyed some time previous in the[6 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 49: first attack on Fort Fisher.--destruction of the confederate ram Albemarle, etc. (search)
rt Fisher. attempt to close the port of Wilmington, N. C. methods resorted to by blockade-runnersd pilots, and so regular were their trips to Wilmington, that their arrival was counted on almost asr made an effort to close up the port of Wilmington, N. C., so that supplies could not get in, or c, at the peril of their lives, to hold on to Wilmington bar at all seasons, in the endeavor to preveear River. If a blockade-runner came out of Wilmington before daylight, she would be seen by vesselproach the outer circle in order to run into Wilmington just before daylight, the outer circle woulde been kept up for three months, the port of Wilmington would have been deserted; but this was hardl other service. The importance of closing Wilmington is so well understood by you, that I refrainond battery. U. S. Steamer Nereus, off Wilmington, December 27, 1864. Admiral-At 12:40 P. Mnding North Atlantic Blockading Squadron off Wilmington. After the transports had departed there[4 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 50: Second attack on Fort Fisher. (search)
boats occupied the river between Caswell and Wilmington. The latter place was hermetically sealed aor clothing could enter the only open port — Wilmington. Submission might not come immediately, butwork still before them, ere they could reach Wilmington and secure the railroad leading to Richmond,or General Terry had reached the vicinity of Wilmington, the gun-boats reached Forts Strong and Lee.ter, Commanding North Atlantic Squadron, off Wilmington. The following telegram was sent immediaignal, got underway from our anchorage, near Wilmington, and steamed towards the forts in line of barning of the 5th instant, and struck for the Wilmington and Whitehall road. On my way I passed throWilmington, N. C. While the fleet was off Wilmington, and Admiral Porter engaged in taking that parmy--one body of troops to advance from Wilmington, N. C., and the other from Newbern. All the had occupied Charleston, Savannah, Augusta, Wilmington and other points along the coast, had united[16 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 51: effects of the fall of Fort Fisher, and criticisms on General Badeau's military history of General Grant. (search)
d that Fort Fisher and the other defences of Wilmington would finally have surrendered to him, had i happen after Fort Fisher had fallen and the Wilmington road was in Federal hands. Many inaccuracnt from General Grant's Memoirs: Wilmington, North Carolina, was the most important sea-coast poNavy could enter the harbor, and the port of Wilmington would be sealed. Should Fort Fisher, and then it will be worth the attempt to capture Wilmington by a forced march and surprise. If time is e attempt to capture Fort Fisher, N. C., and Wilmington ultimately, if the fort falls. You will thely naval attack cannot be undertaken against Wilmington. Had there been water enough for our broads other service. The importance of closing Wilmington is so well understood by you that I refrain -chief telegraphed to the President: The Wilmington expedition has proved a gross and culpable fpedition enabled the enemy to move troops to Wilmington to defeat it. After the expedition started f[18 more...]
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 52: operations about Charleston, 1865.--fall of Charleston, Savannah, etc. (search)
erman's intentions might be, and they very naturally thought it best to evacuate the place before the Union General should envelope them and compel their surrender. But General Sherman was anxious to join General Grant before Richmond as soon as possible and get out of the lowlands of the coast, where his soldiers were worn out with building corduroy roads through swamps, bridging the countless streams, and living in a malarious country. The capture of Fort Fisher and other defences of Wilmington had doubtless a considerable effect on the fall of Charleston; for, now that the stronghold on Cape Fear River was taken, a small garrison could hold it, and the Union forces employed in the reduction of those works could, if necessary, march on Charleston. Whatever claims may have been advanced that the final result was brought about by the movements of the Navy in co-operation with the Army under General Foster, we can only say that the attempt to invest Charleston by Bull's Bay and t
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