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cial despatches, warned Generals Whiting, at Wilmington; Mercer, at Savannah; and Hagood, Walker, anVirginia and North Carolina. as follows: For Wilmington and the coast of North Carolina, draw reinfo(N. C.), on the railroad, and then to assail Wilmington in reverse. It is recommended to you, in ca your command. Should communication between Wilmington and this city be broken, you will give to WiWilmington special attention and such aid as you can spare. Of this order General Whiting will be notive thousand infantry and three batteries to Wilmington, to be returned as soon as practicable. All thousand. Retired during the night towards Wilmington, devastating the country as they go. I have ve a large army, and I believe are aiming at Wilmington. The reason for such great haste on the ard, which, owing to unavoidable delays from Wilmington, had not reached their destination in time. Charleston, and to use it for the defence of Wilmington. General Whiting, in a letter dated Decembe
e caused an earnest request to be sent to the President of the Northeastern Railroad, for the adoption of more efficient measures on the line from Charleston to Wilmington; he drew attention to the necessity of accumulating wood at various stations, and of increasing the personnel required for swift and unencumbered running, under any emergency. The Georgia troops sent back to Savannah were ordered to Charleston, so as to be ready, if necessary, to go again to Wilmington, where, it was reported on the 6th, the enemy might make his first attempt. General Bonham, who had succeeded the Honorable F. W. Pickens as Governor of South Carolina, was urged to make all timely preparations for the impending Federal expedition, should Charleston, and not Wilmington and Weldon, become the point of attack. General Beauregard had long studied the problem of how best to deal with the Federal monitors, in the event of their forcing a passage into the harbor of Charleston. The following lett
on the requisition of the Commanding General in North Carolina, I returned Cooke's brigade of North Carolina troops to Wilmington, and sent Clingman's brigade there, in exchange for Evans's. A week ago, under your orders, I put in motion for Jack10th, 1863. Major Hutson Lee, Chief Quartermaster, etc., etc.: Major,—A brigade (Clingman's) is to be sent here from Wilmington. Make every possible exertion to provide for its rapid transportation. Leave nothing undone in your power to accelerate the movement, both from Wilmington to Florence, and thence here. Time is incalculably precious. Respectfully, your obedient servant, Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff. 6. Headquarters, Department S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., Jul General,—I am instructed to inform you of the expected arrival of ten companies from Savannah and one brigade from Wilmington, N. C., and to direct that the necessary arrangements shall be made for their reception and disposition. A despatch from
f April, however, in answer to my telegrams of the preceding day, asking for heavy guns for Morris Island and other points, the Secretary of War telegraphs: I regret to be unable to spare the guns now for the object mentioned; the claims of Wilmington and the Mississippi are now regarded as paramount. On the 1st of May I was directed to send a full brigade to North Carolina, to report to General Hill, and in compliance General Clingman's brigade was despatched. The following day the St these last soon had to be returned, to guard our communications with Savannah. A portion of Brigadier-General Clingman's brigade, 550 men of the 51st North Carolina Volunteers, and 50 men of the 31st North Carolina Volunteers, arrived from Wilmington about the same time, in consequence of my urgent call for reinforcements. The enemy was occupied during the day in erecting works on the middle of Morris Island, while five monitors and three wooden gunboats shelled Batteries Wagner and Greg
erations against General Grant. Such strategic points as Richmond, Weldon, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, and Meridian—or Jackson, Mississippi, at the sston, S. C., Dec. 25th, 1863. Major-Genl. W. H. C. Whiting, Comdg. Dept., Wilmington, N. C.: My dear General,—A merry and lucky Christmas to you! Your letter of ents may be sent South for a winter campaign against Charleston, Savannah, or Wilmington; hence Johnston or Lee must be prepared to reinforce us. Halleck is just findtement than I do: see the conclusion of Colonel Brown's communication, i. e., Wilmington is believed to be the point threatened, instead of Savannah. I am happy to hmament. Hoping that you will be equally successful in case of an attack on Wilmington, I remain, Yours, very truly, G. T. Beauregard. P. S.—Troops are stm ordered to Weldon for present, but am desirous to see you as I pass through Wilmington, on Wednesday, about 10 o'clock. G. T. Beauregard. On the 18th General C<
euse having grounded firmly, is it prudent to leave longer the forces in Department so scattered? Is object in view worth the great risk incurred? I know not yet what troops are about Petersburg. Here there is only one State regiment, and in Wilmington two regiments, infantry, movable troops. He also wrote a letter to General Bragg on the same subject, See Appendix. condemning the existing state of affairs, and pointing out the danger to be apprehended in case of a sudden attack by theentration. General Bragg, therefore, answered evasively, as follows: 1. Richmond, Va., April 25th, 1864. General Beauregard: Reports of yesterday represent Burnside landing in force at Yorktown. Evans's whole brigade was ordered to Wilmington. Has it arrived? Which brigade can best be spared from South Carolina—Colquitt's or Wise's? The Navy Department has taken action to relieve the grounded gunboat. Braxton Bragg, General. 2. Richmond, April 26th, 1864. To General G. T. B
gard's force to aid General Lee. So urgent, however, did the Confederate authorities regard the necessity, that they gradually withdrew from General Beauregard most of the troops that had been directly engaged under him in the battle of Drury's Bluff. It is to be remembered that Butler's base at Bermuda Hundreds was also a constant menace to General Lee's communications, via Richmond and Petersburg, with his main sources of supply— namely, the States and open ports south of Virginia. Wilmington was the only Atlantic harbor through which we could then receive ammunition and clothing from Europe. Communication with South Carolina and Georgia, by way of the Weldon and Danville Railroads, was also endangered by Butler's presence. This produced almost daily conflicts, and severe ones at times, showing that Butler's object was to seize or destroy the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, at the point nearest to Bermuda Hundreds. In consequence of this fully one-third of the Confederate
en's. the charge made by General Hagood's brigade. defeat of General Hancock's corps by Generals Hill and Hampton. insignificant command given to General Beauregard. his dissatisfaction. General Whiting requests him to inspect the works at Wilmington. General Lee thinks General Beauregard will be given command of northwest Georgia. he is ordered to Charleston, to examine into a difficulty between Generals Jones and Ripley. finds the department much disorganized. his interview with Presiy have been dispensed with after General Lee's arrival. Early in the month of September General Beauregard had determined to ask for a change of command, when General Whiting expressed a desire that he should reinspect his defensive works at Wilmington and the mouth of Cape Fear River. With General Lee's consent he complied with this request, returning to Petersburg about the middle of the month. A few days later he was informed by General Lee that there was a probability of his being order
his base of supplies. I will repair to Columbia as soon as practicable, and, with your approval, will assume command of all forces which may be assembled there. When railroad to Branchville shall have been tapped by enemy General Lee's supplies will have to be sent via Washington, Ga., and Abbeville, S. C. G. T. Beauregard. 2. Augusta, Ga., Feb. 3d, 1865. To his Excellency President Davis, Richmond, Va.: The fall of Charleston and Columbia would necessitate soon abandonment of Wilmington and East North Carolina. If troops from there and from Virginia could be sent me at Columbia, with their transportation, I would defeat, and might destroy, Sherman's army. No time, however, should be lost. G. T. Beauregard. The two telegrams here submitted show how clear to General Beauregard was the necessity of abandoning all those cities and posts which he knew must soon fall of their own weight, and for whose protection troops were used that could now be better employed at othe
keeping between this place and Broad River, thus cutting off Cheatham and Stewart. G. T. Beauregard. This was before the enemy had decided to move eastward. General McLaws was informed of the countermanded movement, and General Bragg, at Wilmington, was asked to communicate with and afford him all the aid in his power. General Beauregard arrived at Chesterville on the night of the 20th. He remained there until the next day, at 10 A. M., when he left for Charlotte, N. C., having lost sistance, were captured by the Federal forces operating against them. It was there that General Whiting redeemed his reputation, and, after receiving a mortal wound behind the shattered ramparts of Fort Fisher, died in the hands of the enemy. Wilmington surrendered to General Terry on or about the 22d of February, and General Bragg, with nearly eight thousand men, retreated towards Goldsboroa, to form a junction at last with General Johnston's forces. The wisdom of the policy advocated by Gen
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