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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
, 1847Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorCapture of MontereyGold. March 3, 1847British, French, and Spanish officers and crewsRescuing crew of U. S. brig-of-war Somers before Vera Cruz, Dec. 7, 1846Gold & silver. March 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Winfield ScottMexican campaignGold May 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorVictory of Buena VistaGold. Aug. 4, 1854Capt. Duncan N. IngrahamRelease of Martin KosztaGold. May 11, 1858Dr. Frederick H. Rose, of the British navyFor humanity—care of yellow-fever patients from Jamaica to New York on the U. S. S. SusquehannaGold. Dec. 21, 1861 July 16, 1862Naval, to be bestowed upon petty officers, seamen, and marines distinguished for gallantry in action, etc.; 200 issued July 12, 1861Army, to non-commissioned officers and privates for gallantry in action, etc.; 2,000 issuedAt Gettysburg. July 1, 1863, the 27th Maine volunteered to remain for the battle, although its term had expired. All its members received medalsBronze. March 3, 1863 Dec. 17, 1863Maj.-Gen. Ulyss
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Moore, Sir Henry 1713- (search)
Moore, Sir Henry 1713- Colonial governor; born in Jamaica, West Indies, in 1713; was made governor of that island in 1756; and for his services in suppressing a slave insurrection there was rewarded with the title of baronet. He was appointed governor of New York in 1764; arrived in November, 1765, in the midst of the Stamp Act excitement; and held the office until his death, Sept. 11, 1769.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New England. (search)
from Lynn, Mass., led by Capt Daniel Howe, attempted a settlement at Cow Neck, in North Hempstead, Long Island, when they tore down the arms of the Prince of Orange which they found upon a tree, and carved in place of the Early settlers in New England. shield a grinning face. Howe and his companions were driven off by the Dutch, and settled on the eastern extremity of Long Island. Some New Haven people took possession of Southold, on the Sound; and only a few years later, Hempstead, Jamaica, Flushing, Southampton, East Hampton, Brookhaven, Huntington, and Oyster Bay were settled by the English and some of them were united to Connecticut politically, until after the surrender of New Netherland to the English in 1664, when all Long Island came under the jurisdiction of New York (q. v.). In 1640 a New England captain purchased some land on the Delaware River of the Indians. Early the next spring colonists from New England, led by Robert Cogswell, sailed from the Connecticut
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Onderdonk, Henry 1804-1886 (search)
Onderdonk, Henry 1804-1886 Author; born in North Hempstead, N. Y., June 11, 1804; graduated at Columbia in 1827. Among his publications are Revolutionary histories of Queens; New York; Suffolk; And Kings counties; Long Island and New York in the Olden times; The annals of Hempstead, N. Y., etc. He died in Jamaica, N. Y., June 22, 1886.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pastorius, Francis Daniel -1681 (search)
people and Low Dutch, Whose trade in weaving linen cloth is much— There grows the flax, as also you may know That from the same they do divide the tow. Their trade suits well their habitation— We find convenience for their occupation. Of the discovery of the Pennsylvanian regions. Although, after the successful expeditions of Columbus and Americus, many colonies had arisen in this Western World, such as Nova Hispania, Nova Gallia, Brasilia, Peru, Golden Castilia, Hispaniola, Cumana, Jamaica, Nova Anglia, Florida, Virginia, etc., it so happened, anno 1665 [!], by means of the skilful and enterprising navigators sent out under the auspices of Caroli Stuardus I., King of England, a new and large country was discovered, lying far beyond the above-mentioned colonies. For the time being, however, no name was given to it, inasmuch as the natives roamed about the forests, not having any fixed residences or towns from which any name could have been derived; but they lived here and the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Perry, Oliver Hazard 1785-1819 (search)
of an old letter, resting the paper on his navy cap, the following despatch to General Harrison, the first clause of which has often been quoted: We have met the enemy and they are ours: two ships, two brigs, one schooner, and one sloop. Yours, with great respect and esteem, O. H. Perry. Many songs were written and sung in commemoration of Perry's victory. One of the most popular of these was American Perry, beginning: Bold Barclay one day to Proctor did say, I'm tired of Jamaica and cherry; So let us go down to that new floating town And get some American Perry. Oh, cheap American Perry! Most pleasant American Perry! We need only bear down, knock and call, And we'll have the American Perry. Perry's monument, Newport, R. I. Among the caricatures of the day was one by Charles, of Philadelphia, representing John Bull, in the person of the King, seated, with his hand pressed upon his stomach, indicating pain, which the fresh juice of the pear, called perry, will
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), St. Augustine, (search)
iated $10,000 for the service. An army of 1,200 men (one-half Indians) was raised, and proceeded in two divisions to the attack. The governor,. with the main division, went by sea to. blockade the harbor, and the remainder, under Colonel Daniels, proceeded along the coast. The latter arrived first and plundered the town, the Spaniards retiring within their fortress with provisions for four months. Their position was impreg– nable, for the Carolinians had no artillery. Daniels went to Jamaica to procure battering cannon, but before his return two Spanish war-vessels appeared. Governor Moore raised the blockade and fled. This expedition burdened the colonywith a debt of more than $26,000, for the payment of which bills of credit were issued —the first emission of paper money in ;South Carolina. Oglethorpe, having been joined by a. South Carolina regiment and a company of Highlanders, marched with his whole force, about 2,000 strong, to Fort Moosa, within 2 miles of St. Augusti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Seabury, Samuel 1729- (search)
Seabury, Samuel 1729- First Protestant bishop in the United States; born in Groton, Conn., Nov. 30, 1729; graduated at Yale College in 1748. Going to Scotland to study medicine, his attention was turned to theology. Although the son of a Congregational minister, he received ordination as a minister of the Church of England in London in 1743. On his return he first settled as a minister in New Brunswick, N. J., then in Jamaica, L. I. (1756-66), and finally in Westchester county, N. Y., where he remained until the beginning of the Revolutionary War. He was a loyalist, and at one time was chaplain of the King's American Regiment. Becoming obnoxious to the patriots as the suspected author of some Tory pamphlets, the Connecticut Light-horsemen, under Sears, seized him and took him to Connecticut, where he was imprisoned for a time. His authorship was not proven, and he was released, and while the British held possession of New York he spent most of his time in that city. Going t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Slavery. (search)
l the colonies with slaves, who should neither trouble Great Britain with fears of encouraging political independence nor compete with their industry with British workshops; neither would they leave their employers the entire security that might enable them to prepare a revolt. James Somerset, a negro slave of James Stewart, was taken from Virginia to England, where he refused to serve his master any longer. Stewart caused him to be arrested and put on board a vessel to be conveyed to Jamaica. Being brought before Chief-Justice Mansfield on a writ of habeas corpus (December, 1771), his Slaves on a plantation. case was referred to the full court, where it was argued for the slave by the great philanthropist, Granville Sharp. The decision would affect the estimated number of 14,000 slaves then with their masters in England, involving a loss to their owners of $3,500,000. After a careful judicial investigation of the subject in its legal aspects, Chief-Justice Mansfield gave th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stuart, Charles 1783- (search)
Stuart, Charles 1783- Author; born in Jamaica, W. I., about 1783; entered the British army as lieutenant in 1801; served in Madras in 1801-14; was promoted captain. He came to the United States about 1822, and spent several years in Utica, N. Y., where he became a strong abolitionist. He was the author of Immediate emancipation would be safe and profitable; Memoirs of Granville sharp; Oneida and Oberlin; The extirpation of slavery in the United States, etc. He died near Lake Simcoe, Canada, in 1865.
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