tations printed thereon.
A punch-mark indicates the station of destination (14 in the illustration). The strap holds the parts of the case together, being rove through the loops.
h has a dial-plate and pointers, which indicate the station of departure and destination.
i is a metallic disk with radial slots and corresponding numbers.
The strap is so rove through the slots as to give the required indication.
（Nautical.) A two-masted Arabian vessel, frequenting the Indian Ocean.
A dhow. The capacity is from 200 to 250 tons.
A coarse fabric made of old ropes, hemp, etc., for covering cotton-bales.
2. The gunny-cloth of India is made from jute.
In Bengal, from one or two species of Corchorus; in Bombay and Madras, from the Crotalaria juncea.
A contrivance to hold up a bag with the mouth open ready for filling.
There are many forms, — some adapted for large grain-bags, others of a smaller size for flour,
th of the ordinary surface of the water in the Dead Sea is 1,388 feet below the Mediterranean waterlevel, and the depth of water in the deepest part of the Dead Sea is 1,350 feet; showing the total depth of this great depression to be 2,738 feet below the Mediterranean level.
The land adjacent to the sea, however, is a table-land 3,000 feet above the Mediterranean, so that the whole depth of this great natural gorge is about 6,000 feet. The gorge is continued through the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean, but a ridge 113 feet above the Red Sea separates the waters of the Gulf of Akabah from those of the Salt Lake.
The fissure, with the exception stated, may thus be said to extend from Mount Hermon to Akabah, 350 miles, and thence to the Straits of Babelmandeb, 1,200 miles farther.
The water of the Red Sea has a few feet elevation above that of the Mediterranean, which would make a water-fall of 1,400 feet depth if the water-shed at the north end of the Gulf of Akabah were to be cut th
was reserved for Vasco da Gama to first pass beyond the region of storms which surrounds the Cape and enter upon the waters, usually more placid, of the great Indian Ocean.
I have shown elsewhere how a knowledge of the period at which Vespucci was named Piloto Mayor would alone be sufficient to refute the than their own weight.
Worthy Arabian; we have here a description of a magneto-electric needle used in the Levant; a magnetized floating needle used in the Indian Ocean; and a correct statement of the Archimedean discovery of specific gravities.
This was written about the time of Roger Bacon, 250 years before Da Vinci, 350 yediness to the needle.
Vasco da Gama, who circumnavigated Africa, doubling the Cape of Good Hope, November 20, 1497, testifies his surprise at meeting in the Indian Ocean seven small Arab vessels provided with the compass, quadrants, sea-charts, and other instruments, equal to the Portuguese.
We do not wonder, for the China sea
the bottom of the sea, and one cannot get at them by any other means, except by diving to the bottom. — ATHENAeUS; Epit., B. I. 22.
He also quotes Homer as saying, —
An active man is he, and dives with ease
（Iliad, XVI. 745), in reference to a man who gathered them fast enough to keep several persons supplied.
Epicharmus, in the Marriage of Hebe, says: —
oysters with closed shells, Which are very difficult to open, but very easy to eat.
The pearl-oyster of the Indian Ocean is mentioned by Theophrastus and Athenaeus, who speak of it as a precious stone resembling a large fish's eye, and that expensive necklaces are made of them for the Persians, Medes, and all Asiatics.
Theophrastus says: —
They are engendered in the flesh of the oyster, just as measles are in pork.
The oysters of Britain were highly esteemed by the epicures of the Roman Empire.
A strongly stocked and thickbladed knife which is thrust between the shells of th