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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Numidia (Algeria) or search for Numidia (Algeria) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Algiers, (search)
Algiers, One of the former Barbary States on the northern coast of Africa, stretching west from Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean; bombarded and captured by the French in 1830, and held under French military control till 1871, when a French civil administration was established. All of Algeria is now considered a part of France rather than a colony. The city of Algiers, under French domination, is the capital of the department and colony, is well equipped with educational institutions, and has become as orderly as any place in France. The population in 1891 was 82.585. The Barbary States derived their name from the Berbers, the ancient inhabitants. From their ports, especially from Algiers, went out piratical vessels to depredate upon the commerce of other peoples. So early as 1785 two American vessels had been captured by these corsairs, and their crews (twenty-one persons) had been held in slavery for ransom. The Dey, or ruler, of Algiers demanded $60,000 for their redemption
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jews and Judaism. (search)
om these small beginnings the Alliance has grown to be an important factor in the conservation of Jewish interests. Faithful to its programme, it has established a large number of elementary and technical schools, and has intervened actively in Algeria, Morocco, the Turkish Empire, and Persia whenever Jews or Jewish interests were in any way threatened. Its attempt, however, to represent the whole Jewish people has not been successful; for the reason that it has been allied too closely with F others, would form such a union of Jews, where the theological differences would be eliminated. But though this order, which has 315 lodges in the United States and Canada, has established itself in such countries as Germany, Rumania, Austria, Algeria, Bulgaria, and Egypt, and despite the good work it has so far done, the mere fact that it is a secret organization prevents it from standing forth as the representative of international Jewry. Where, then, and in what manner is such a body to b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Zouaves, (search)
Zouaves, The name originally adopted by a body of French infantry, who took it from a tribe in Algeria, whose fighting men have been noted throughout northern Africa for generations. A body of these troops were incorporated with the French army. After 1840 the Zouaves were all native Frenchmen. In the Crimean War they were the élite of the French infantry. They retained the picturesque costume of the African Zouaves, and their peculiar discipline. Their dress consisted of a loose jacket and waistcoat of dark-blue cloth, red Turkish trousers, red fez with yellow tassel, green turban, sky-blue sash, yellow leather leggings, and white gaiters. At the beginning of the American Civil War a few volunteer regiments were uniformed as Zouaves, and were so called; but the costume, which made a conspicuous mark for bullets, was soon exchanged for the more sober blue and gray. The first regiment of Zouaves was that of Colonel Ellsworth— New York fire Zouaves. Some were more pictures