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Contraband of War, A term said to have been first employed in the treaty of Southampton between England and Spain in 1625. During the war between Spain and Holland, both powers acted with rigor towards the ships of neutrals conveying goods to belligerents. This provoked England. A milder policy was adopted by the treaty of Pyrenees, 1650, and by the declaration of Paris, April 26, 1856. The subject was discussed during the American Civil War, 1861-64, whether slaves could be regarded as contraband.
Ross, Robert 1814- Military officer; born in Ross Trevor, Devonshire, England; served as an officer of foot in Holland and in Egypt; was in the campaign in Spain under Sir John Moore, and commanded a brigade in the battles of Vittoria and the Pyrenees. He commanded the troops sent against Washington in August, 1814, and was successful; but attempting to cooperate with the British fleet in an attack on Baltimore, in September, he was slain near North Point, Md., Sept. 12, 1814, while riding towards that city, chatting gayly with an aide-de-camp. See Baltimore.
Soule, Pierre 1802- Statesman; born in Castillon, in the French Pyrenees, in September, 1802. His father was a lieutenantgeneral in the army of the French Republic. Pierre, destined for the Church, prepared by study at the Jesuits' college at Toulouse and at Bordeaux. Engaged in a conspiracy against the returned Bourbons (1816), the plot was discovered, and he lived more than a year in the guise of a shepherd. Permitted to return, he assisted in the establishment of a republican newspaper at Paris, for the utterances of which he was condemned to prison at St. Pelagie, but escaped to England, and thence went to Baltimore. In the fall of 1825 he went to New Orleans, where he became a very eminent lawyer; was elected to the United States Senate in 1847, where he served eight years, always taking ground in favor of the most extreme views on slavery and State supremacy. In 1853 President Pierce appointed him minister to Spain, where he soon became involved in a quarrel with M. Tu