Siddhanta, or Sanskrit text-book of astronomy, translated for the American Oriental Society, and published in their journal, Vol.
Equatorial sun-dial (Benares).
About 771 years before the Christian Era, the Assyrian king Phul invaded Samaria.
Thirty-one years afterward, Pekah of Samaria besieged the young King Ahaz in Jerusalem, and the latter sent to Tiglath-Pileser, the Assyrian, then in Damascus, for help against his enemy.
This was given.
When Ahaz went to Damascus to greet Samaria besieged the young King Ahaz in Jerusalem, and the latter sent to Tiglath-Pileser, the Assyrian, then in Damascus, for help against his enemy.
This was given.
When Ahaz went to Damascus to greet his benefactor, he saw a beautiful altar, and sent working drawings of it to Urijah, the priest in Jerusalem.
An altar was completed against his return.
In the same spirit of enterprise and taste, and probably from the same trip of observation, he set up the dial which is mentioned in the account of the miraculous cure of his son Hezekiah, thirteen years after Ahaz was gathered to his fathers.
This is perhaps the first dial on record, and is 140 years before Thales, and nearly 400 years befo
ut 600 B. C.) was considered the most ancient inscription of any length.
Here we have a long specimen of the earliest Phoenician character, — the alphabet from which the Greek, the Roman, and all our European alphabets are derived.
As Count de Vogue says, these are the very characters which, before 700 B. C., were common to all the races of Western Asia, from Egypt to the foot of the Taurus, and from the Mediterranean to Nineveh; which were used in Nineveh itself, in Phoenicia, Jerusalem, Samaria, the land of Moab, Cilicia, and Cyprus.
It disproves the assertion of Aristotle and Pliny that Cadmus only brought 16 or 18 letters from the East into Greece, and that the Greeks invented the rest, for the whole of the 22 are found on this monumental stone.
The Rosetta stone is of 700 years later date.
It was found in 1798 by a French engineer in digging the foundations for a fort near the Rosetta mouth of the Nile.
It is a tablet of basalt, with an inscription of the year 196 B. C.,