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unds in security beyond the reach of the enemy. They nearly all did so, and, among them, the wealthiest of all, namely, the Bank of Louisiana, which sent its assets, mostly of gold and silver, to the extent of some three millions of dollars, via Mobile, to Columbus, Georgia, under the care of its president. These funds were given in charge by him to Mr. W. H. Young, President of the Bank of Columbus, Georgia, with the belief that they would there be perfectly safe. To General Beauregard's surdraught torpedo-rams, and as many ironclad gunboat-rams, this harbor [meaning the Charleston Harbor] could be held against any naval force of the enemy ; and he added: The same means can also be used (with one less of each class) for Savannah and Mobile. He disclaimed wishing to take the matter out of the hands of competent naval officers. All I desired, he wrote, was to see it [the ram] afloat and ready, for action as soon as possible. Time and the progress of naval warfare have only confirm
efuses to send 7-inch guns to General Beauregard. they are sent to Mobile.> General Beauregard, having accomplished the object of his visienl. Beauregard: The two 7-inch guns are turned over to navy for Mobile. T. S. Rhett, Col. and Insp. of Ord'ce. Richmond, Nov. 26th, 186Mallory was laid before President yesterday, and he ordered guns to Mobile. Great disappointment. Wm. Porcher miles. General Beauregard at the two 7-inch rifled guns have been turned over to the navy for Mobile. The necessity for a much larger number of the heaviest guns here for the two 7-inch guns. Says they belong to navy, and must go to Mobile, for floating-battery just finished and waiting for guns. Secretarther hand, he should have been aware that no real danger threatened Mobile at that time; and yet, in spite of repeated entreaties, he preferreh (even admitting that both cities were equally menaced) Charleston were not of more importance than Mobile to the safety of the Confederacy.
instructed by the War Department to repair to Mobile with part of his troops. his letter to Generain which event he was instructed to proceed to Mobile, with such troops as he could spare from his l —in which event I am instructed to proceed to Mobile, with such force as I can properly withdraw frssuredly must be solicitous for the defence of Mobile and the Mississippi Valley, yet, with my view artment. I shall also ask General Maury (at Mobile) to keep me advised of the movements of the ennston. I beg to inquire whether, if I go to Mobile, it will form a part of my present Department,ill cheerfully repair at once, temporarily, to Mobile, examine the works and means of defence there,chmond; but General Beauregard was not sent to Mobile, nor were additional troops withdrawn just the the Government as to a threatened movement on Mobile or on the Mississippi River (we refer to June for Vicksburg, and lying idle on the wharf at Mobile. From the fact that General Gillmore was then
s, and urges strenuously that Fort Sumter be armed, conformably to the original plan, with the heaviest guns, rifled or smooth-bore, which could be obtained, in anticipation of a renewal of the attack of the 7th of April. I was informed, however, through your letter of the 10th of June that— Northern papers report the reduction of Hunter's forces by sending troops to the Gulf. If this be true, you will, with such force as you can properly withdraw from your defensive line, proceed to Mobile to resist an attack, if one should be designated at that place; but if the purpose of the enemy be to send his reinforcements to the Mississippi, you will go on and co-operate with General Johnston in that quarter. This I answered by a telegram, on the 13th of same month, as follows: Enemy's ironclads and forces still as heretofore reported to Department, excepting a gunboat expedition reported in Altamaha, and one preparing for St. John's River, Florida. I will prepare as far as
Such strategic points as Richmond, Weldon, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, and Meridian—or Jackson, Mississippi, at the same time— should be fortified, gnd fully as bold, was prepared and carried out, under Lieutenant Dixon, of Mobile, Alabama, with the submarine torpedo-boat, as it was called, Also called the fismonths later. Mr. Horace L. Hunley, formerly of New Orleans, but then living in Mobile, offered me another torpedo-boat, of a different description, which had been be body of the boat. After the recovery of the sunken boat Mr. Hunley came from Mobile, bringing with him Lieutenant Dixon, of the Alabama Volunteers, who had successfully experimented with the boat in the harbor of Mobile, and under him another naval crew volunteered to work it. As originally designed the torpedo was to be draggeferred to above, General Beauregard received by telegraph from New Orleans, via Mobile and Charleston, the sad intelligence of the death of Mrs. Beauregard, whom he h
termaster's and commissary's departments to meet him at Gadsden, remained there to confer about the necessary preparations to carry out the new change of base to Tuscumbia. The pontoon-bridge across the Coosa, forgotten in the hurry of departure, was, by order of General Beauregard, removed, and sent at once to General Hood. General Beauregard was not long in discovering that this change of base was more difficult to make than the change from Jonesboroa to Jacksonville had been; for the Mobile and Ohio road, from Okalona to Corinth, contrary to General Hood's statement, was in a very dilapidated condition. So was the road from Corinth to Cherokee, near Tuscumbia. For a long period it had been but little used, and meantime it had been greatly injured by both armies. On the 22d General Beauregard instructed Lieut.-General Taylor to order General Forrest's division and Roddy's brigade of cavalry to report to General Hood, between Guntersville and Decatur. See letter to Genera
s and prisoners report enemy destroying railroad between Atlanta and Marietta. Prisoners report Sherman in Atlanta, and that camp rumor says he will move towards Mobile or Savannah. Prisoners also report 15th and 20th Corps at Atlanta. Large fires observed in Atlanta for last three days. On the 16th General Wheeler, throughrupted and fatiguing journey, from Montgomery, Macon, Milledgeville, Sparta, and Mayfield. He had thus retraced his steps and abandoned his intention of visiting Mobile, then seriously threatened, because of the reception, on December 2d, of a despatch from Richmond extending his Department to the Atlantic coast. It will be seherman would have opened to Thomas's forces the richest portion of the State of Alabama, and would have made nearly certain the capture of Montgomery, Selma, and Mobile, without insuring the defeat of Sherman. 5th. In October last, when passing through Georgia to assume command of the Military Division of the West, I was info
m him, and to request his prompt attention. He has, however, failed heretofore to respond to like emergencies, and no plans should be based on his compliance. The telegram was dated Richmond, December 4th, 1864. But his reply reached Headquarters after General Beauregard's departure from Montgomery. When the War Department was apprised of the fact the following telegram was forwarded to Lieutenant-General Taylor: Meridian, Dec. 14th, 1864. By Telegraph from Richmond, Dec. 7th, via Mobile, Dec. 13th. To Lieut.-Genl. Taylor: Transmit by most rapid means the following despatch to General E. Kirby Smith, Shreveport, La.: If practicable, cross troops. Aid General Hood, or divert forces from operating against him in Tennessee. If crossing be impossible, cannot you make demonstrations to withdraw troops of the enemy? We have intelligence that Steele, with 15,000 men, had reached Memphis, and was proceeding to aid Thomas, commanding the enemy in operations against Hood.
d's farewell circular to his troops. General Taylor assumes command. General Beauregard visits Mobile January 21st. he Inspects all the works. leaves for Augusta. the enemy believed to be advanciBluff, Ala., and the river at those points, started on the 19th of January for Augusta, Ga., via Mobile. He had on that day requested General Hood to hold Cheatham's corps (less Gibson's brigade) in them to further hope and endurance. General Maury had repeatedly called General Beauregard to Mobile, for the purpose of inspecting its defensive works and of giving such advice as his experience sthe request, which, however, had not been overlooked or forgotten. General Beauregard reached Mobile on the 21st of January, and remained there four days. He visited every work around the city, andhomas, should he begin in earnest a movement southward. From the time General Beauregard left Mobile till his arrival at Augusta, on the 1st of February, he was incessantly engaged in issuing order
eigh, N. C., March 27th, 1865. General Jos. E. Jqhnston, near Smithfield, N. C.: For information relative to troops of Army of Tennessee left in Mississippi, see my endorsement of March 5th on Major-General Stevenson's letter of February 27th. Sharp's and Brantley's brigades must be with Lee's forces now on their way to join you. G. T. Beauregard. 6 Raleigh, N. C., March 29th, 1865. General Jos. E. Johnston, near Smithfield, N. C.: General Taylor reports Canby's army attacking Mobile from eastern side, and heavy force of Thomas's cavalry moving down through North Alabama. I wonder if Minerva has stamped on the earth for our foes? G. T. Beauregard. 7. Raleigh, N. C., March 29th, 1865. Major-General J. F. Gilmer, Chief-Engineer, C. S. A., Richmond, Va.: General Cobb and Mayor of Macon having represented iron referred to cannot be taken without serious injury to public service and to that city, I have authorized General Cobb and Colonel Meriwether to select the r
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