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outheast Missouri, and on the 4th, made his headquarters at Cairo, at the mouth of the Ohio. The district included not only entucky shore; but on the 2d of September, Grant arrived at Cairo, and on the 5th, heard of the advance of Polk, which had ocl noon, when, leaving a sufficient garrison, he returned to Cairo, where he received Fremont's permission to take Paducah if uis, September 6, 1861. Brigadier-General U. S. Grant, Cairo, Illinois: I am directed by Major-General Fremont to inform y the east bank of the Mississippi, about twenty miles below Cairo; and, on the 10th of September, he even asked permission toFrancis river, in Missouri, about fifty miles southwest of Cairo, and ordered him to send a force to assist in driving them ed at the same time, from Bird's Point and Fort Holt, near Cairo, the commanders being instructed to return the day after mo campaigning, were getting restive during the long delay at Cairo. When they found that they were really starting out, the b
rce of six thousand men under McClernand, from Cairo and Bird's Point, towards Mayfield and Murray,t said no more on the matter, and went back to Cairo, with the idea that his commander thought him k on the 28th, recommending the movement, Cairo, January 28, 1862. Major-General H. W. Halleckof February, and on the 2d, Grant started from Cairo, with seventeen thousand men on transports. against such a force as had been brought from Cairo, and on the 5th, before Grant had completed hiigadier-General Cullum, his chief of staff, to Cairo, to superintend the transportation of troops tto cooperate. Can you not send two boats from Cairo immediately up the Cumberland? To expedite maures, can be given; but rations were issued at Cairo, to fourteen thousand six hundred and twenty-ting the siege. There were rations issued at Cairo, to fourteen thousand six hundred and twenty-tort Donelson. Mortar-boats to be sent back to Cairo as soon as possible. Halleck's whole share in[7 more...]
nformed General Cullum that General Buell ordered General Smith from Clarksville, to join him at Nashville. On the 1st of March: I have informed the general commanding the department, generally through his chief of staff, every day since leaving Cairo, of my wants, what information was obtained of the enemy, etc. The same dispatch contained a detailed declaration of the needs of the command, for the information of General Halleck. Up to this time, no hint of dissatisfaction had been received ery best to obey orders, and to carry out the interests of the service. If my course is not satisfactory, remove me at once. I do not wish in any way to impede the success of our arms. I have averaged writing more than once a day since leaving Cairo, to keep you informed of my position, and it is no fault of mine if you have not received my letters. My going to Nashville was strictly intended for the good of the service, and not to gratify any desire of my own. Believing sincerely that
loss. By the battle of Iuka, the enemy was simply checked in his plans, not seriously crippled in his force. Price moved around by a circuitous route and joined Van Dorn, and the same state of affairs continued, which had annoyed Grant for so many weeks. He put Rosecrans in command at Corinth, and Ord at Bolivar, and on the 23d of September, removed his own headquarters to Jackson, from which point he could communicate more readily with all points of his district, including Memphis and Cairo. The rebels were in force at La Grange and Ripley, and threatened both Bolivar and Corinth, and Grant was obliged to be in readiness at either place. Troops were still being detached from his command, notwithstanding these emergencies, and, on the 1st of October, he telegraphed to Washington: My position is precarious, but I hope to get out of it all right. At last, it was rendered certain, by the removal of Price's cavalry from La Grange to Ripley, that Corinth was to be the place of a
plan ever since he had commanded the department; that all he had done had been in pursuance of this plan, and if permitted, he. would return to fulfil it. What the plan was he did not disclose. Until after the battles of Iuka and Corinth, Grant was too constantly on the defensive, to undertake any movement of an aggressive character. Those battles occurred in September and October; and, on the 25th of the latter month, he as sumed command of the Department of the Tennessee, which included Cairo, Forts Henry and Donelson, northern Mississippi, and the portions of Kentucky and Tennessee west of the Tennessee river. The next day he wrote to Halleck: You never have suggested to me any plan of operations in this department. . . . . As situated now, with no more troops, I can do nothing but defend my positions, and I do not feel at liberty to abandon any of them, without first consulting you. He then proposed the abandonment of Corinth, the destruction of all the railroads branching
ulf failure to silence batteries further marches of troops running of batteries at Grand Gulf crossing of Mississippi river by Grant's advance demonstration by Sherman against Haine's bluff Grant's confidence of success. All the way from Cairo to New Orleans the Mississippi meanders through a vast alluvial region, the whole of which is annually overflowed, except where the system of artificial embankments, called levees, The word levee is in universal use at the Southwest. Breaks iHurlbut, and McPherson, respectively. The Arkansas troops had been assigned to the Thirteenth corps, which, in conjunction with the Sixteenth, now at Memphis and in West Tennessee, was required to protect Grant's rear, and keep open the river to Cairo. St. Louis and Memphis were made the depots for supplies. Porter's cooperating fleet numbered sixty vessels of all classes, carrying two hundred and eighty guns and eight hundred men. The troops composing the expedition were at Young's point
between Vicksburg and Port Hudson, so as to attack these places separately with the combined forces. This dispatch was dated the 11th of May, ten days after the battle of Port Gibson. Hooker had just been defeated at Chancellorsville, and the government must have been aghast at the news that Grant had plunged into the hostile region of Mississippi, confronting two armies, and cutting loose from all communication. But there was no telegraphic line in operation from Washington, further than Cairo, and nearly a week elapsed before the countermanding dispatch was received. Had the generalin-chief, however, been able to reach his subordinate, the Vicksburg campaign would never have been fought. So Grant was alone; his most trusted subordinates besought him to change his plans, while his superiors were astounded at his temerity and strove to interfere. Soldiers of reputation and civilians in high place condemned, in advance, a campaign that seemed to them as hopeless as it was unpre
, as required both by regulations and existing orders of the department. A copy of the address was sent at once to his headquarters, and, the next day, McClernand was relieved of the command of his corps, and ordered home. Major-General Ord was appointed in his stead, subject to the approval of the President. See Appendix for McClernand's order, and the letters of Generals Sherman and McPherson. This was the termination of the troublesome connection with McClernand. It had begun at Cairo, in 1861. McClernand had served under Grant, at Belmont, and Donelson, and Shiloh, but early developed the qualities which afterwards insured his downfall. At first, he had been willing to learn from men versed in their profession and experienced in war; but he soon set about accomplishing his advancement by political means. His efforts, partially successful, to obtain a high command; his protracted machinations to supersede Grant, which were only defeated by the wise counsels of the gene
secrans a corps sent to Rosecrans Grant ordered to Cairo meets the Secretary of war Proceeds to Louisville nt, was delayed ten days on the Mississippi, between Cairo and Memphis. Communication was by telegraph from Washington to Cairo, and thence dispatches were conveyed by steamer to Memphis and Vicksburg. The messenger to w sent a staff-officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Wilson, to Cairo, to communicate direct with the government, and, on ral Grant is able to take the field, he will come to Cairo, and report by telegraph. Grant replied from Columbus, Kentucky: Your dispatch from Cairo of the 3d, directing me to report from Cairo, was received at eleven thCairo, was received at eleven thirty, on the 10th. Left the same day with staff and headquarters, and am here, en route for Cairo. On the 16tCairo. On the 16th, he telegraphed from Cairo: I have just arrived, and report in pursuance with your instructions of the 3d insCairo: I have just arrived, and report in pursuance with your instructions of the 3d instant. My staff and headquarters are with me. Halleck answered: You will immediately proceed to the Galt House
hickamauga. On the morning of the 20th, Grant started from Louisville, by rail. He arrived at Nashville the same night, and, at half-past 11, he telegraphed to Burnside, who was then at Knoxville: Have you tools for fortifying? Important points in East Tennessee should be put in condition to be held by the smallest number of men, as soon as possible. . . . . I will be in Stevenson to-morrow night, and Chattanooga the next night. From Nashville, he also telegraphed to Admiral Porter, at Cairo: General Sherman's advance was at Eastport, on the 15th. The sooner a gunboat can be got to him the better. Boats must now be on the way from St. Louis, with supplies to go up the Tennessee, for Sherman. Of Thomas, he asked: Should not large working-parties be put upon the road between Bridgeport and Chattanooga, at once? At Stevenson, he met Rosecrans, who had received the order relieving him, and was now on his way to the North. Their interview was short; but Rosecrans was cordial, an
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