Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Arkansas (United States) or search for Arkansas (United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arapahoe Indians, (search)
Arapahoe Indians, One of the five tribes constituting the Blackfeet confederacy, residing near the headwaters of the Arkansas and Platte rivers. They were great hunters, and fifty years age numbered 10,000 souls. With the disappearance of the buffalo they have rapidly decreased. In 1900 one branch, numbering 1.011, was located in Oklahoma, and a second, numbering 829, in Wyoming. arbitration
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cheyenne Indians (search)
lose of the eighteenth century they were driven to or near the Black Hills (now in the Dakotas and Wyoming), where Lewis and Clarke found them in 1804, when they possessed horses and made plundering raids as far as New Mexico. See Clarke, George Rogers; Lewis, Meriwether. About 1825, when they were at peace with the Sioux, and making war upon the Pawnees, Kansas, and other tribes, a feud occurred in the family. A part of them remained with the Sioux, and the others went south to the Arkansas River and joined the Arapahoes. Many treaties were made with them by agents of the United States, but broken; and, finally, losing all confidence in the honor of the white race, they began hostilities in 1861. This was the first time that the Cheyennes were at war with the white people. While negotiations for peace and friendship were on foot, Colonel Chivington, of Colorado, fell upon a Cheyenne village (Nov. 29, 1864) and massacred about 100 men, women, and children. The whole tribe was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
reat depredations on the sea, gets into Halifax, N. S.; but, having secured some coal, was ordered out of the harbor and ran the blockade into Wilmington.—23. Nearly all the 5th Illinois Volunteers captured near Duval's Bluff by Shelby.—29. General Hunter superseded in command of the Department of western Virginia by General Crook.— Sept. 7. Confederates defeated at Reedyville, Tenn., by Colonel Jourdan, with about 250 Pennsylvania cavalry.—8. The Confederate General Price crossed the Arkansas River at Dardanelles, on his way to Missouri.—14. Governor Brown, by proclamation, withdrew the Georgia militia, 15,000 strong, from the Confederate army at Atlanta.—19. Confederate passengers seized the steamers Island Queen and Parsons on Lake Erie, with the intention of capturing the United States gunboat Michigan; but the latter captured the whole party; the Queen was sunk and the Parsons was abandoned. A Confederate force of 1,500 captured a train worth $1,000,000 at Cabin Creek, K
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colorado (search)
Colorado A State occupying a mountainous and high plateau region, between Kansas and Nebraska on the east, Utah on the west, Wyoming on the north, and New Mexico and Texas on the south, organized as a Territory Feb. 28, 1861, from parts of its several contiguous neighbors, and admitted to the Union July 4, 1876, hence known as the Centennial State. The portion north of the Arkansas River, and east of the Rocky Mountains, was included in the Louisiana purchase of 1803 and the remainder in the Mexican cession of 1848. Francis Vasquez de Coronado is believed to have been the first European explorer of this region in 1540. In 1806 President Jefferson sent an expedition, under Lieut. Z. M. Pike, to explore this region, and it nearly crossed the territory from north to south in the mountain region, and discovered State seal of Colorado. the mountain known as Pike's Peak. In 1820 another expedition, under Col. S. H. Long, visited this region; and in 1842-44 Col. John C. Fremont cr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dupratz, Antoine Simon Le page, 1689-1775 (search)
Dupratz, Antoine Simon Le page, 1689-1775 Explorer; born in Tourcoing, France, in 1689; settled on the Mississippi River among the Natchez Indians in 1720. For eight years he explored the regions watered by the Missouri and Arkansas rivers. He published a History of Louisiana, or of the western parts of Virginia and Carolina. He died in Paris, France, in 1775.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
extinction of the various American claims for spoliation, for the satisfaction of which the United States agreed to pay to the claimants $5,000,000. The Louisiana boundary, as fixed by the treaty, was a compromise between the respective offers heretofore made, though leaning a good deal towards the American side. It was agreed that the Sabine to lat. 33° N., thence a north meridian line to the Red River, the course of that river to long. 100° W., thence north by that meridian to the Arkansas River to its head and to lat. 42° N., and along that degree to the Pacific Ocean, should be the boundary between the possessions of the United States and Spain. The Florida treaty was immediately ratified by the United States Senate, and, in expectation of a speedy ratification by Spain, an act was passed to authorize the President to take possession of the newly ceded territory. But there was great delay in the Spanish ratification. It did not take place until early in 1821. The ratified
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garfield, James Abram 1831-1881 (search)
undred and thirty-two years before that time De Soto had seen the same river more than 1,000 miles below; but during that interval it is not known that any white man had looked upon its waters. Turning southward, these brave priests descended the great river, amid the awful solitudes. The stories of demons and monsters of the wilderness which abounded among the Indian tribes did not deter them from pushing their discoveries. They continued their journey southward to the mouth of the Arkansas River, telling as best they could the story of the Cross to the wild tribes along the shores. Returning from the Kaskaskias, and travelling thence to Lake Michigan, they reached Green Bay at the end of September, 1673, having on their journey paddled their canoes more than 2,500 miles. Marquette remained to establish missions; among the Indians, and to die, three years later, on the western shore of Lake Michigan, while Joliet returned to Quebec to report his discoveries. In the mean time
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hindman, Fort (search)
Hindman, Fort A Confederate fortification at Arkansas Post, Ark., on the Arkansas River, 73 miles southeast of Little Rock. In the winter of 1862-63, General Sherman and Commodore Porter planned an attack upon the fort. General McClernand, who had arrived and taken the chief command, accompanied the expedition from near Vicksburg. The troops landed, about 25,000 strong, 3 miles below the fort, on Jan. 9, 1863, and were led by Generals McClernand, Sherman, Morgan, Steele, Stewart, A. J. Smith, and Osterhaus. Porter had a strong flotilla of Plan of the attack on Fort Hindman. armored and unarmored gunboats. The latter, moving on, shelled the Confederates out of their rifle-pits; and on the 11th the army moved against Fort Hindman. When the gunboats opened fire upon it, Morgan's artillery covered the advance. After a fight for about two hours, the Confederates raised a white flag, while troops, which had stormed the works, were swarming over them. The Nationals lost 977 m
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indians, American (search)
he Great Lakes and Mississippi, with whom the earlier French explorers came in contact. These, speaking dialects of the same language, apparently, were regarded as parts of one nation. They inhabited the domain stretching northward from the Arkansas River to the western tributary of Lake Winnipeg, and westward along all that line to the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains. They have been arranged into four classes: 1. The Winnebagoes, situated between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi, within the domain of the Algonquians. 2. The Assiniboins, or Sioux proper, who formed the more northerly part of the nation. 3. The Southern Sioux, who were seated in the country between the Platte and Arkansas rivers. The Sahaptins include the Nez Perces and Walla Wallas, extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, in Oregon and Washington. Beyond these are the more powerful Chinooks, now rapidly melting away. They embraced numerous tribes, from the mouth of the Columbia River
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Izard, George 1777-1828 (search)
finished his education and Graves of the 11th Ohio battery-men. made a tour in Europe, he entered the United States army, in 1794, as lieutenant of artillery. He was appointed aide to General Hamilton in 1799; resigned in 1803; commissioned colonel of artillery in the spring of 1812; and promoted to brigadier-general in March, 1813. He was in command on Lake Champlain and on the Niagara frontier, in 1814, with the rank of major-general. From 1825 until his death he was governor of Arkansas Territory. Early in September, 1814, he moved towards Sackett's Harbor, under the direction of the Secretary of War, with about 4,000 troops, where he received a despatch from General Brown at Fort Erie, Sept. 10, urging him to move on to his support, as he had not more than 2,000 effective men. The first division of Izard's troops arrived at Lewiston on Oct. 5. He moved up to Black Rock, crossed the Niagara River, Oct. 10-11, and encamped 2 miles north of Fort Erie. Ranking General Brown, h
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