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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Accault, Michael, (search)
Accault, Michael, Explorer; was with La Salle when the latter discovered the Mississippi River. Later, with Louis Hennepin (q. v.), in the summer of 1679, he was sent by La Salle to explore the sources of the Mississippi. They went up the river as far the Falls of St. Anthony, where they were captured by Indians, but were rescued by Daniel Duluth, a French officer. In a few months they succeeded in reaching the tradingstation at Green Bay.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama. (search)
or the State, which was ratified Feb. 4, 1868. State officers and members of Congress having been duly chosen, and all requirements complied with, Alabama became entitled to representation in Congress; and on July 14, 1868, the military relinquished to the civil authorities all legal control. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the national Constitution were ratified by Alabama, the latter Nov. 16, 1870. Population in 1890, 1,508,073; in 1900, 1,828,697. Governors of the Mississippi Territory. Including the present States of Alabama and Mississippi. Names.Term of office. Winthrop Sargent1799 to 1801 Wm. C. C. Claiborne1801 to 1805 Robt. Williams1805 to 1809 David Holmes1809 to 1817 Governor of the Territory of Alabama. Wm. Wyatt BibbMarch 1817 to Nov. 1819 Governors of the State of Alabama. Wm. Wyatt BibbNov. 1819 to July, 1820 Thomas BibbJuly, 1820 to Nov. 1821 Israel PickensNov. 1821 to Nov. 1825 John MurphyNov. 1825 to Nov. 1829 Gabriel MooreNov. 18
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allouez, Claude Jean, 1620- (search)
Allouez, Claude Jean, 1620- One of the earliest French missionaries and explorers of the country near the Great Lakes; born in 1620. After laboring among the Indians on the St. Lawrence several years, he penetrated the Western wilds and established a mission on the western shores of Lake Michigan, where he heard much about the Mississippi River, and made notes of what he learned concerning it. He explored Green Bay, and founded a mission among the Foxes, Miamis, and other tribes there. A mission begun by Marquette at Kaskaskia, Ill., Allouez sought to make his permanent field of labor; but when La Salle, the bitter opponent of the Jesuits, approached in 1679, he retired. Returning to the Miamis on the St. Joseph's River, he labored for a while, and died, Aug. 27, 1689. The contributions of Father Allouez to the Jesuit relations are most valuable records of the ideas and manners of the Indians.
orities. During the Civil War, from first to last, 2,690,401 men, including reinforcements, were enrolled, equipped, and organized into armies. The regular army during that war was raised to something over 50,000 men, but was reduced, at its close, to 30,000 men. The standing army in 1890 numbered 25,220 men, and was mainly used in garrisoning the permanent fortifications, protecting the routes of commerce across the continent, and preserving order among the Indian tribes west of the Mississippi River. The army in 1901. The organization of the regular army on the permanent peace basis of one soldier to each 1,000 of population, under the act of Congress of Feb. 2, 1901, was announced in the general order of May 13, 1901: Cavalry, 15 regiments (12 troops of 85 men), with band, etc.; total, 15,840. Artillery, 126 companies of 109 men each; 30 batteries of 160 men each; with bands, etc.; total, 18,862. Infantry, 30 regiments (12 companies of 104 men), with bands, etc.; t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Attakappa Indians, (search)
Attakappa Indians, A tribe found on the borders of the Gulf of Mexico, west of the Mississippi River, in southern Louisiana and eastern Texas. The Choctaws named them Attakappas, or Man-eaters. The French were the first Europeans who discovered them; and the Attakappas aided the latter in a war with the Natchez and Chickasaws. When Louisiana. was ceded to the United States in 1803, there were only about 100 of this nation on their ancient domain, near Vermilion Bayou, and they had almost wholly disappeared by 1825. What their real name was, or whence they came. may never be known. Their language was peculiar, composed of harsh monosyllables.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Belmont, battle at. (search)
Belmont, battle at. Just before Fremont was deprived of his command (see Fremont, John C.) he ordered General Grant to move a co-operative force along the line of the Mississippi River. It was promptly done. A column about 3,000 strong, chiefly Illinois volunteers, under Gen. John A. McClernand, went down from Cairo in transports and wooden gunboats to menace Columbus by attacking Belmont, opposite. At the same time another column, under Gen. C. F. Smith. marched from Paducah to menace Columbus in the rear. Grant went with McClernand. The troops landed 3 miles above Belmont, Nov. 7, 1861, and while they were pushing on the gunboats opened fire upon Columbus. General (Bishop) Polk, the commander, sent General Pillow over the river to reinforce the little garrison at Belmont. A sharp battle ensued, and the Nationals were victorious; but, exposed to the heavy artillery at Columbus, the post was untenable. Giving three cheers for the Union, the Nationals set fire to the Confe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bird's Point, (search)
Bird's Point, Opposite Cairo, was fortified early in 1861 by the National troops. It was on the west. side of the Mississippi River, a few feet higher than Cairo, so that a battery upon it would completely command that place. The Confederates were anxious to secure this point, and to that end General Pillow, who was collecting Confederate troops in western Tennessee. worked with great energy. When Governor Jackson, of Missouri. raised the standard of revolt at Jefferson City, with Str, General Lyon, in command of the department, moved more vigorously in the work already begun in the fortification of Bird's Point. His attention had been called to the importance of the spot by Captain Benham, of the engineers, who constructed the works. They were made so strong that they could defy any force the Confederates might bring against them. With these opposite points so fortified, the Nationals controlled a great portion of the navigation of the Mississippi River. See Missouri.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burr, Aaron, 1716- (search)
of the designs alleged against him. Burr was brought before the Supreme Court of the Territory, and was not only not indicted by the grand jury, but they presented charges against the governor for calling out the militia to arrest him. Burr spoke bitterly of Wilkinson as a traitor. and, fearing to fall into his hands, he resolved to disband his men and fly. He told them to sell what provisions they had, and, if they chose, to settle on his Washita lands. They dispersed through the Mississippi Territory, and furnished an abundant supply of school-masters. singing-masters, dancing-masters, and doctors. A reward was offered for the capture of Burr, and he was arrested (Feb. 19. 1807) by the Register of the Land-office, assisted by Lieut. (afterwards Maj.-Gen.) Edmund P. Gaines, near Fort Stoddart, on the Tombigbee River, in eastern Mississippi. An indictment for high treason was found Against Burr by a grand jury for the District of Virginia. He was charged with levying war, by t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cairo, occupation of (search)
Cairo, occupation of The city of Cairo, Ill. (population, 1900, 12,566), is situated near the extremity of a boatshaped peninsula, at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, 175 miles below St. Louis. It is a point of great importance as the key to a vast extent of navigable waters, and to it National troops were sent at an early period in the Civil War. Both the national government and Governor Yates, of Illinois, had been apprised of the intention of the Confederates to secure that position, hoping thereby to control the navigation of the Mississippi to St. Louis, and of the Ohio to Cincinnati and beyond. They also hoped that the absolute control of the Mississippi below would cause the Northwestern States to join hands with the Confederates rather than lose these great trade advantages. The scheme was foiled. Governor Yates, under the direction of the Secretary of War, sent Illinois troops at an early day to take possession of and occupy Cairo. By the middle of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Canals. (search)
., to Delaware City, Del. Chesapeake and Ohio11,290,3271850184Cumberland, Md., to Washington, D. C. Chicago Drainage. See next page. Companys 90,000184722Mississippi River, La., to Bayou Black, La. Delaware and Raritan 4,888,749183866New Brunswick, N. J., to Trenton, N. J. Delaware Division2,433,350183060Easton, Pa., to Bristol, Pa. Des Moines Rapids4,582,00918777 1-2At Des Moines Rapids, Mississippi River. Dismal Swamp2,800,000182222Connects Chesapeake Bay with Albemarle Sound. Erie 52,540,8001825381Albany, N. Y., to Buffalo, N. Y. Fairfield 4 1-2Alligator River to Lake Mattimuskeet, N. C. Galveston and Brazos340,000185138Galveston, Tex., to Brazs and Michigan7,357,7871848102Chicago, 111., to La Salle, Ill. Illinois and Mississippi568,64318954 1-2Around lower rapids of Rock River, Ill. Connects with Mississippi River. Lehigh Coal and Navigation Co.4,455,0001821108Coalport, Pa., to Easton, Pa. Louisville and Portland5,578,63118722 1-2At Falls of Ohio River, Louisville, K
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