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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 6. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 8, 1862., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), City of the Strait, (search)
City of the Strait, The popular name of Detroit (the French word for strait ), situated upon the strait between lakes St. Clair and Erie.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French settlements in America. (search)
uld not render them assistance. Their jealousy had been excited against the latter by a claim of Bellomont to build forts on their territory, and they were induced to send a deputation to a grand assembly at Montreal of all the Indian allies of the French. There a treaty of friendship was concluded; and so the French, who had been restrained by the hostility of the Iroquois Confederacy, secured a free passage towards the Mississippi. Almost immediately 100 settlers, with a Jesuit leader, were sent to take possession of the strait between lakes Erie and St. Clair. They built a fort, and called the spot Detroit, the French name for a strait or sound. It soon became the favorite settlement of western Canada. Villages of French settlers soon grew up around the Jesuit missionary stations at Kaskaskia and Cahokia, on the eastern bank of the Mississippi, between the mouths of the Illinois and Ohio. These movements occasioned no little alarm to the English in New York and New England.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Indians, American (search)
ill doubtless be found. The Algonquians were a large family occupying all Canada, New England, a part of New York and Pennsylvania; all New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia; eastern North Carolina above Cape Fear, a large part of Kentucky and Tennessee, and all north and west of those States east of the Mississippi. Within the folds of this nation were the Huron-Iroquois, occupying a greater portion of Canada south of the Ottawa River, and the region between Lake Ontario and Lakes Erie and Huron, nearly all of the State of New York, and a part of Pennsylvania and Ohio along the southern shores of Lake Erie. Detached from the main body were the Tuscaroras and a few smaller families dwelling in southern Virginia and the upper part of North Carolina. Five families of the Huron-Iroquois, dwelling within the limits of the State of New York, formed the famous Iroquois Confederacy of Five Nations. The Cherokees inhabited the fertile and picturesque region where the mountain-rang
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jesuit missions. (search)
their sacred work. A plan was conceived in 1638 of establishing missions among the Algonquians, not only on the north, but on the south of the Great Lakes, and at Green Bay. The field of labor opened to the view of the missionaries a vast expanse of wilderness, peopled by many tribes, and they prayed earnestly for recruits. Very soon Indians from very remote points appeared at the mission stations. The hostilities of the Five Nations had kept the French from navigating Lakes Ontario and Erie: finally, in 1640, Brebeuf was sent to the neutral nation (q. v.), on the Niagara River. The further penetration of the country south of the Lakes was then denied, but a glimpse of the marvellous field soon to be entered upon was obtained. In September and October, 1641, Charles Raymbault and Isaac Jogues penetrated to the Falls of St. Mary, in the strait that forms the outlet of Lake Superior, where they heard of the Sioux. They yearned to penetrate the country of this famous people. Thi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Navy of the United States (search)
Carroll. Argus16Lieut. Crane. Oneida16Lieut. Woolsey. Vixen12Lieut. Gadsden. Nautilus12Lieut. Sinclair. Enterprise12Capt. Blakeley. Viper12Capt. Bainbridge. The government early perceived the importance of having control of Lakes Ontario and Erie when the war began. Events in the early part of 1812 at the eastern end of Lake Ontario (see Sackett's Harbor), and the fact that the British were building war vessels at Kingston, made it important that an American squadron should appear on thosborn's armistice allowed the escape of some of them confined on the St. Lawrence, and at the close of August, 1812, Isaac Chauncey, one of the best practical seamen in the navy, was commissioned commander-in-chief of the navy on Lakes Ontario and Erie. Henry Eckford, a naturalized Scotchman, and an eminent ship-builder, with a competent number of men, hastened to Sackett's Harbor to prepare a squadron. With great facility one was prepared, and on Nov. 8 Chauncey appeared on Lake Ontario with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Michigan, (search)
men, pass through the Detroit River and Lake St. Clair......1670 French under M. de St. Lusson permitted to occupy Sault Ste. Marie by the Indians, erect a cross at that place bearing the arms of France......May, 1671 Marquette commences Fort Michilimackinac, starts a Huron settlement, and builds a chapel there......1671 Marquette is buried near present site of Ludington......May 18, 1675 Robert la Salle, accompanied by Father Louis Hennepin and Chevalier de Tonti, sails up lakes Erie and Huron in the Griffon, reaching Michilimackinac......Aug. 28, 1679 Antoine de la Motte Cadillac, lord of Bouaget and Montdesert, under a commission from Louis XIV., leaving Montreal in June with 100 men and a Jesuit missionary, commences the settlement of Detroit......July 24, 1701 First grant of land (thirty-two acres) made at Detroit by Cadillac to Francois Fafard Delorme......1707 Detroit attacked by the Fox Indians; after a three-weeks' siege the French garrison of twenty sol
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Watervliet, (search)
Watervliet, A city in Albany county, N. Y., formerly the village of West Troy; on the Hudson River opposite the city of Troy. The city has large commercial interests by reason of its location at the head of navigation on the river and at an entrance of the Erie and Champlain canals into the river, and its direct communication by river and canals with lakes Champlain, Erie, and Ontario. It is best known, however, as the seat of an extensive arsenal, established by the United States government in 1807, and comprising one of the largest plants in existence for the manufacture of heavy ordnance, and shot, shell, and mounts therefor. The arsenal and the large stone magazines for powder and ammunition are within a reservation of about 110 acres of ground, which is bisected by the Erie Canal. This arsenal was kept busy during the Mexican and Civil wars in preparing the heaviest kinds of war material, and in recent years has been noted for its production of the improved ordnance provi
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 6. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), The black men in the Revolution and the war of 1812. (search)
Congress, second month, 7th, 1828, said: The African race make excellent soldiers. Large numbers of them were with Perry, and helped to gain the brilliant victory of Lake Erie. A whole battalion of them were distinguished for their orderly appearance. Dr. Clarke, in the convention which revised the Constitution of New York in 1821, speaking of the colored inhabitants of the State, said:— In your late war they contributed largely towards some of your most splendid victories. On Lakes Erie and Champlain, where your fleets triumphed over a foe superior in numbers and engines of death, they were manned in a large proportion with men of color. And in this very house, in the fall of 1814, a bill passed, receiving the approbation of all the branches of your government, authorizing the governor to accept the services of a corps of two thousand free people of color. Sir, these were times which tried men's souls. In these times it was no sporting matter to bear arms. These were tim
ed his force were fought on the 7th and 19th of that month, and on the 17th of October he surrendered at Saratoga. Washington performed the long march which brought him from the banks of the Hudson to those of the York in September and October, and captured Cornwallis and his whole army on the 19th of October. The battle of Brandywine was fought on the 11th of September, and on this very day (8th September) Green fought the desperate battle of Entaw. In the war of 1812, the battles of Lakes Erie and Champlain were fought in September; the one Sept. 10th, 1813, the other Sept. 11th, 1814, both on Sunday. Brown made his famous sortie from Lake Erie on the 2d September, 1814. On the 12th of the same month the British army was repulsed in its advance upon Baltimore, and the next day the bombardment of Fort McHenry took place. On the 8th of September, 1847, our troops gained a victory in front of Mexico, and on the 14th, (the anniversary of the entry of Jerusalem by Titus, and of the en