n; he crossed the Rhine near Basel, where he was already in possession of a tete-de-pont, and therefore the campaign in Germany was not so decisive as that in Italy.
Melas found himself turned, and was obliged to fight at Marengo, front against Austria; he was defeated, and consequently compelled to enter into a convention with Napoleon, by which the latter obtained the western portion of Italy as far as the Mincio.
The battle of Marengo, and even the whole of Napoleon's manoeuvre, took pla but was overtaken by the duke, and defeated at Emmendingen and Schlingen, and forced again to cross the Rhine — an operation which had already been executed by Jordan.
In the years 1758 to 1762, Frederick the Great was attacked by a Russian, Austrian, and German Imperial army.
lie resisted those three armies by disposing his own exactly as shown in Fig. 7; he always transported the mass of his force to the most endangered point by means of the interior lines which he held, and defeated the