ity,For the thought cf. Spencer, Data of
Ethics, 114: “Joint aggressions upon men outside the
society cannot prosper if there are many aggressions of man on man
within the society;” Leslie Stephen, Science of
Ethics, Chapter. VIII. 31: “It (the loyalty of a thief
to his gang) is rather a spurious or class morality,” etc.;
James Boswell's good book, nor any other good thinng . . . is or can be
performed by any man in virtue of his badness, but always solely in
spite thereof.” Proclus, In Rempub. Kroll i. 20 expands this idea.
(ConvivioI. xii.) attributes to the Philosopher in the
fifth of the ethics the saying that even
used, or revived, in Modern Greek newspapers. and similar
creatures.The syntax of this famous
allegory is anacoluthic and perhaps uncertain: but there need be no
doubt about the meaning. Cf. my article in the Classical
Review, xx. (1906) p. 247. Huxley commends the Allegory,
Methods and Results, p. 313. Cf. also Carlyle's famous metaphor of the ship
doubling Cape Horn by ballot.
Cf. Class. Phil.
ix. (1914) p. 362. Conceive this sort
of thing happening either on many ships or on one: Picture a shipmasterThe Athenian demos, as portrayed e.g. in
Aristophanes’Knights 40 ff. and
passim. Cf. Aristot.Rhet.
1406 b 35K
therCf. Gorg. 490 B,
Self-Reliance: “It is easy . . . to brook
the rage of the cultivated classes . . . . But . . . when the
unintelligent brute force that lies at the bottom of society is made to
growl and mow, it needs the habit of magnanimity and religion to treat
it godlike as a trifle of no concernment,” Carlyle, French
Revolution: “Great is the combined voice of men . . .
. He who can resist that has his footing somewhere beyond
time.” For the public as the great sophist cf. Brimley, Essays, p. 224
(The Angel in the House): “The miserable view of life and its
purposes which society instils into its youth of both sexes, being