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the public exigency might require. While the Legislature was considering and passing preparatory measures, the Governor was not idle. A constant correspondence was kept up with our members of Congress and the Governors of other States. Leading merchants, and other gentlemen of experience and wisdom, were daily consulted. The militia was strengthened. A cipher key was arranged, to be used in transmitting messages which required secrecy. The defenceless condition of the forts in Boston harbor was considered. In Fort Warren there was but one gun; in Fort Winthrop none at all; and, in Fort Independence, hardly twenty guns, and most of them were trained on the city itself. The casemates were unfit for human occupation. The grounds inside the forts were covered with workshops and wooden shanties; and, instead of being a defence to the city and harbor, the fortifications of Boston were a standing menace to them, and invited seizure by the enemy. The entire coast of Massachuset
wo regiments of volunteers to garrison Fort Warren and Fort Independence in Boston harbor, to be there drilled and exercised, until called by the President for activ who are very ready to serve. Allow me also to suggest that our forts in Boston Harbor are entirely unmanned. If authorized, I would put a regiment into the fort— At ten o'clock, A. M., April 18, weighed anchor, and steamed out of Boston harbor, bound for Fort Monroe. Arrived at Fort Monroe at eight A. M., April 20, dt four P. M., and left for Boston about five P. M.; arrived at Long Island, Boston harbor, about daylight. July 19, disembarked at Long Island about ten A. M. Reporked on board the steamer S. R. Spaulding, and in fifty-six hours arrived in Boston harbor, after an absence of three months. It was mustered out at Long Island, BostBoston harbor, on the 22d of July. The Fifth Regiment arrived at Annapolis on the morning of the 24th of April, and landed in the afternoon. The next day, the regim
il 23.—The Governor writes a letter to Major-General Wool, introducing William L. Burt, of Boston, who was instructed to get authority to garrison the forts in Boston harbor with militia. John M. Forbes, by direction of the Governor, writes to Samuel M. Felton, of Philadelphia: Your information about matters at Annapolis received. they can be bought? Governor to General John E. Wool, commanding Department of the East, New York: I have garrisoned Fort Independence, on Castle Island, in Boston harbor, with a battalion of infantry of one hundred and fifty men; and shall have another battalion of the same strength in Fort Warren, on George's Island, on Mondayome of the letters and telegrams given in preceding pages. One great point to be gained was authority from the War Department to garrison and man the forts in Boston Harbor, the defenceless condition of which exposed the city to attack, and caused much uneasiness among the merchants, underwriters, and other citizens of Boston. Af
esting ceremonies conclusion. The defenseless condition of the forts in Boston Harbor, in the early part of the war, was a cause of much labor and anxiety to thenown as the Thirteenth Regiment. A camp was also formed on Long Island, in Boston Harbor, to which a number of companies, composed of men of Irish birth, were orderh of July. The Ninth, which was recruited and organized on Long Island, in Boston Harbor, left the State in the steamer Ben De Ford, on the 24th of June, for Washinwithstanding he had frequently called attention to the defenceless state of Boston Harbor, it remains undefended by a single gun. His requests meet either with silen of War, calling his attention to the defenceless condition of the forts in Boston Harbor; also to General Stetson, of the Astor House, thanking him for his kindnessiments agreed to enlist for three years; and both were sent to Long Island, Boston Harbor, until their organizations could be completed, and the regiments accepted b
to the First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, which were sent to join the regiment in Virginia, March 1, 1862. One company, designated the First Unattached Company of Heavy Artillery, was enlisted for three years, for service in the forts in Boston Harbor, of which Stephen Cabot was commissioned captain. On the twenty-sixth day of May, the First Company of Cadets, Lieutenant-Colonel C. C. Holmes, was mustered into the service to take the place of the Fort Warren Battalion, which was ordered to the front on that day. The Cadets remained on duty until July 1. The Second Company of Cadets, of Salem, commanded by Captain John L. Marks, was mustered in May 26, for garrison duty in the forts at Boston Harbor, and was mustered out Oct. 11. The company raised by Captain E. H. Staten, of Salem, was also mustered in for garrison duty, and remained on duty until Jan. 1, 1863. In addition to these new organizations, which were mustered into the service in the first six months of 1862, upw
C. The regiment was commanded by Colonel Charles L. Holbrook. While these three regiments were on the transports in Boston Harbor, a very severe easterly storm came on, which detained them several days, and caused much suffering among the troops.olonel Charles R. Codman, with orders to proceed to Newbern, N. C. This is one of the regiments that were detained in Boston Harbor by the storm. The Forty-sixth Regiment was recruited chiefly in Hampden County, at Camp N. P. Banks, in the viciniom Boston, under command of Colonel George Bowler, for Newbern, N. C. This was one of the three regiments detained in Boston Harbor by the storm before referred to. The Forty-seventh Regiment was recruited at Camp Edwin M. Stanton, at Boxford, whattalion of cavalry at Hilton Head, S. C.; and three companies of heavy artillery doing garrison duty in the forts in Boston Harbor. The number of three years volunteers who had entered the service from Massachusetts from the commencement of the wa
tietam, where he lost his left arm. The letter of the Governor appears to have been satisfactory to Mr. Stanton, as Colonel Wilde was commissioned brigadier-general April 24, eight days after it was written. The defenceless condition of Boston Harbor had from the first attracted the serious attention of the Governor and of the community generally. The seizure of our merchant vessels upon the high seas by rebel cruisers, and the frequent reports of the approach of the Alabama upon our coaren had no authority to detain or examine suspicious vessels. In the Vineyard Sound, where ninety thousand sail of vessels annually pass Gay-Head Light, there was no protection whatever. A swift war-steamer, like the Alabama, might run into Boston Harbor or the Vineyard Sound, and do incalculable mischief, almost without molestation. New-York Harbor was five times as well protected as Boston. For these and other reasons, the Governor asked the President to comply with his request. He thoug
remained as company organizations until the end of the war. On the 7th of October, the Governor requested the Adjutant-General— To report to me to-morrow a precise statement of the ordnance now already mounted on each of the forts in Boston Harbor: exhibiting the number of guns, weight of metal, calibre, and description, of whose manufacture, and whether rifled or smooth-bore; what guns have been delivered, but not yet mounted; what addition to the armament of the forts Major Blunt expn each company has mustered in. On the next day, the Adjutant-General submitted the following report:— In obedience to your Excellency's request for certain exact information of the present condition of the armament of the forts in Boston Harbor, and the strength and condition of the garrisons, I visited yesterday Forts Warren, Independence, and Winthrop, and Long Island, and had an interview with the several commandants. Colonel Dimmock states the ordnance at Fort Warren as follows
t of January, 1864, there were three camps of rendezvous for enlisted men in the Commonwealth,—one at Long Island, in Boston Harbor, under command of Brigadier-General Devens, to which drafted men were sent; Camp Meigs, at Readville, commanded by Brf Massachusetts; and as early as April 24, 1861, he sent a detachment of the volunteer militia to occupy the forts in Boston Harbor, in which, since the withdrawal of the garrison from Fort Independence for service in the South, the United States ha, fortifications were erected at Newburyport, Marblehead, Plymouth, Salem, New Bedford, and Gloucester. The forts in Boston Harbor were connected with each other and with the city by a magnetic telegraph; a complete and most ingenious system of harl of volunteers, and was, at the time this letter was written, in command of the camp for drafted men at Long Island, Boston Harbor. The Governor transmitted General Wool's letter to General Devens, who wrote an answer to it Feb. 22, in which he gi
Public confidence meeting of the Legislature organization address ofGovernor Andrew acts passed by the Legislature General Sargent death of Edward Everett Frontier Cavalry Governor and Secretarystanton abolition of slavery Boston Harbor fast day Currencyquestion proclamation of President Lincoln case of a deserter letter from Secretary Seward foreign enlistments the end of the Rebellion Capitulation of General Lee Rejoicings throughout the State Governor sends a me is, first, the recruitment of the army; second, the employment of colored troops; third, the procuring of men to the credit of Massachusetts. I pray you to read these papers, and protect the right as occasion may offer. The protection of Boston Harbor, as the readers of this volume may know, was one of the darling objects of the Governor from the beginning of the war. Through the agency of John M. Forbes and Colonel Ritchie, Massachusetts had received from England a number of heavy guns,