em up for battle, with the
river which flows through that plain protecting their front.
The difficulty of the ground between them and their enemy,
for there were besides the river a number of ditches not easily
crossed,Caphyae was on a small plain, which was subject to inundations from
the lake of Orchomenus; the ditches here mentioned appear to be those dug to
drain this district. They were in the time of Pausanias superseded by a high
dyke, from the inner side of which ran the River Tragus (Tara). Pausan.
8, 23, 2. and the show of readiness on the part of the Achaeans
for the engagement, caused the Aetolians to shrink from
attacking according to their original purpose; but they retreated in good order to the high ground of Oligyrtus, content
if only they were not attacked and forced to give battle. But
Aratus, when the van of the Aetolians was already making
the ascent, while the cavalry were bringing up the rear along
the plain, and were approaching a place called Propus at the